Epicratinus ehonda, Gonçalves & Brescovit, 2020

Gonçalves, Ricardo Antonio & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos, 2020, Taxonomic review and cladistic analysis of Neotropical spider genus Epicratinus Jocqué & Baert, 2005 (Araneae: Zodariidae) with description of eleven new species, Zootaxa 4886 (1), pp. 1-77: 37-39

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4886.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E8FBC153-BDE4-4404-9167-20B2DB1DCB14

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4333246

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039D87F5-7E12-FFD1-FF03-F987BD3A0500

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Epicratinus ehonda
status

sp. nov.

Epicratinus ehonda   sp. nov.

Figs 24–25 View FIGURE 24 View FIGURE 25 .

Type. Male holotype from Estaç „o Ecológica do Una, 15º17’48’’S, 39º03’28’’W, Una, Bahia, Brazil, X/1999 - IX/2000, M.F. Dias, deposited in IBSP 64527. Paratype. 1♀, same data of holotype deposited in IBSP 64499 GoogleMaps   .

Additional material examined: BRAZIL, Bahia, Una, Estaç „o Ecológica do Una , 15º17’48’’S, 39º03’28’’W, 1♁, 2003, M.F. Dias ( IBSP 62505 View Materials ); 1♁ ( IBSP 64546 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. Males of E. ehonda   sp. nov. are easily recognized by a dorsal distal constricted patellar apophysis, with inverted comma-shaped dark brown, hyaline RTA directed retrolaterally and bifid in the distal portion without separation. Females epigynum presents small atrium, spermathecae resembles the shadow of a crouching person which reveres the other, with a camera visible all over the spermathecae ( Figs 24 View FIGURE 24 , 25 View FIGURE 25 ).

Etymology. The specific epithet is a noun taken in apposition and is in reference to Edmond Honda, a fictional character in Street Fighter series game from CAPCOM. E. Honda is a Japanese sumo wrestler, and the epigynum resembles two sumo wrestlers in fighting position.

Description. Male (IBSP 64527). Color: carapace brown uniform, dark orange sternum, orange-brown chelicerae, pale yellow coxae, dark yellow legs; dorsal abdomen predominantly dark brown with 5 spots (2-2-1) and small dorsal shield (less than half of the abdomen) brown, short bristles throughout the abdomen; ventral abdomen with two dark brown spots and a pale stripe between them, two pale white spots on each side, little sclerotinized, dark yellow and orange above the epigastric furrow. Total length 3.65; carapace length 2.05; width 1.4; abdomen length 1.45; maximum length of spinnerets 0.25; chelicerae length 0.64; clypeus height 0.54. Eyes: diameters AME 0.09, ALE 0.09, PME 0.11, PLE 0.1. Interdistances AME-AME 0.02, AME-ALE 0.09, PME-PME 0.08, PME-PLE 0.2, ALE-PLE 0.06. Spinulation: I: Fe d1-1-1, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0, r0, v1-1-2; Me d0, p0-0-1, r0, v2-1-2. II: Fe d1-2-1, p0-1-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p1-1-0, r0, v1-1-2; Me d0-0-1, p0-1-1, r0, v2-1-3. III: Fe d1-2-1, p1-0-1, r0-1-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-1-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, v2-2-2; Me d1-1-2, p0-1- 1, r0-1-1, v2-2-2. IV: Fe d1-2-1, p1-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-0-1, p1-0-1, r1-0-1, v2-2-2; Me d1-3-3, p0-2-2, r2-0-1, v2-2-2. Formula: 4132.

Measurements of legs:

Palp. Femur with 2 dorsal spines (0-1-1); patella with a distal constricted apophysis in a dark brown inverted comma format; tibia with a row of median bristles on the proximal/medial portion of the retrolateral margin; Hyaline RTA directed retrolaterally and bifid in the distal portion without separation; cymbium with basal lateral projection at the front of the RTA, two distal spines; subtegulum with curved ridge; tegulum large and spermatic duct visible, conductor also visible dorsally and covering the embolus only in the distal portion; tegular apophysis short and ventral in spoon format; embolus totally conspicuous.

Female (IBSP 64499). Color: carapace dark brown uniform, dark orange sternum, reddish brown chelicerae, pale yellow coxae, dark yellow legs; dorsal abdomen predominantly dark brown with five spots (2-2-1) and numerous small pale yellow dots, short bristles throughout the abdomen; ventral abdomen pale yellow with four light brown bands, a little sclerotinized, light yellow and dark orange above the epigastric furrow. Total length 5.1; carapace length 2.25; width 1.55; abdomen length 2.6; maximum length of spinnerets 0.5; chelicerae length 0.88; clypeus height 0.68. Eyes: diameters AME 0.07, ALE 0.1, PME 0.11, PLE 0.1. Interdistances AME-AME 0.03, AME-ALE 0.11, PME-PME 0.09, PME-PLE 0.3, ALE-PLE 0.05. Spinulation: I: Fe d1-1-0, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0, r0, v0; Me d0, p0, r0, v0-1-3. II: Fe d1-1-0, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0-1-0, r0, v0; Me d0, p0, r0, v1-1-3. III: Fe d1-1-1, p1-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-1-0, p0-0-1, r0-1-1, v2-1-2; Me d0-1-2, p1-1-1, r1-1-1, v2-1-2.IV: Fe d1-2-1, p0-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-1- 0, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-1-2; Me d2-1-2, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-2-2. Formula: 4132.

Measurements of legs:

Epigynum. Epigynal plate almost hexagonal, with small atrium and without borders. Internally presents spermathecae that resembles the shadow of a crouching person in front the other with encapsulated copulatory ducts and a large chamber.

Variation. Males (n = 3): total length 3.6‾3.65, carapace 2‾2.06, femur I 1‾1.2.

Distribution. Only known from the type locality ( Fig. 41 View FIGURE 41 ).