Manzuma botswana, Azarkina, 2020

Azarkina, Galina N., 2020, Manzuma gen. nov., a new aelurilline genus of jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 611, pp. 1-47: 11-15

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.611

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:11AF6BE6-D373-406E-B3B8-D97A03C31590

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3705052

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039CB441-FF9D-FFBC-FDA9-FEFCFDF1FA6F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Manzuma botswana
status

gen. et sp. nov.

Manzuma botswana   gen. et sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:63B5C104-A877-448E-804A-36966BDAB2FC

Figs 27–48 View Figs View Figs 37–45 View Figs 46–51. 46–48 , 200 View Fig

Diagnosis

Manzuma botswana   gen. et sp. nov. is most similar to M. petroae   gen. et sp. nov. in body coloration. The males of M. botswana   gen. et sp. nov. differ in having the clypeus covered with short brown scales, medially with a thin vertical stripe of white hairs ( Figs 39 View Figs 37–45 , 48 View Figs 46–51. 46–48 ), while in M. petroae   gen. et sp. nov. the clypeus is covered with long white hairs with a diamond-shaped patch of brown hairs between AME and on upper half of clypeus in the center ( Figs 170–173, 176–177 View Figs 168–181 , 186–187 View Figs 182–187 ). The cheeks in M. botswana   gen. et sp. nov. have a thin white line running from ALEs to the sides of the carapace ( Fig. 38 View Figs 37–45 ), while in M. petroae   gen. et sp. nov. the cheeks are covered with yellowish-white hairs ( Figs 171, 177 View Figs 168–181 ). Apical projection (ApP) in M. botswana   gen. et sp. nov. is large and robust ( Fig. 31 View Figs ), while ApP in M. petroae   gen. et sp. nov. is smaller in size, rounded in lines and slightly bent dorsally ( Fig. 158 View Figs 154–160 ). The females of M. botswana   gen. et sp. nov. differ in having a short narrow white stripe on the eye field just behind the AMEs ( Figs 42, 44 View Figs 37–45 ), while females of M. petroae   gen. et sp. nov. have short wide stripe ( Figs 49–51 View Figs 46–51. 46–48 ), almost invisible in specimens preserved in alcohol ( Figs 178, 180 View Figs 168–181 ).

Etymology

The species epithet is a noun in apposition taken from the country of the type locality, Botswana.

Material examined

Holotype

BOTSWANA • ♂; North-West / Ngamiland District, Okavango Delta, Maxwee ; 19.4667° S, 23.6500° E; May–Sep. 1976; A. Russell-Smith leg.; floodplain, grassland; MRAC. GoogleMaps  

Paratypes

BOTSWANA – North-West / Ngamiland District • 4 ♂♂; same collection data as for holotype; BMNH GoogleMaps   4 ♂♂; same collection data as for holotype; ZMB / Arach 49129 GoogleMaps   1 ♂; same collection data as for holotype; MRAC GoogleMaps   1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding; 1 Sep. 1975; SMF GoogleMaps   1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding; 28 Nov. 1975; MHNG GoogleMaps   1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding; 2 Jan. 1976; BMNH GoogleMaps   9 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Okavango Delta, Shorobe Lagoon ; ca 19.7500° S, 23.7500°E; 24 Jun. 1975; A. Russell-Smith leg.; grassland; pitfall traps; BMNH GoogleMaps   3 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding; ISEA 001.8345 GoogleMaps   3 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding; NCA 2019 /710 GoogleMaps   3 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding; MMUE G7631.1 View Materials GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Moremi Game Reserve, Mboma Lagoon ; ca 19. 1833° S, 23.2667° E; 13 Aug. 1977; A. Russell-Smith leg.; in Hyparrhenia   grassland; MRAC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Crocodile Camp ; ca 19.9167° S, 23.5000° E; 25 Jun. 1979; B. Taylor and A. Morely leg.; NCA 83 /494 GoogleMaps   .

SOUTH AFRICA • 1 ♂; Limpopo Province, Lekgalameetse Reserve ; ca 24. 1833° S, 30.1833° E; 25 Sep. 2015; P. & L. Webb leg.; NCA 2019 /711 GoogleMaps   .

Description

Male (the smallest holotype MRAC, the biggest NCA 2019/711)

Measurements: carapace: 1.70–1.90 long, 1.45–1.50 wide, 1.10 high. Abdomen: 1.70–1.75 long, 1.35– 1.50 wide. Ocular area: 0.80–0.85 long, 1.15–1.20 wide anteriorly, 1.10–1.15 wide posteriorly. Cheliceral length 0.55–0.60. Clypeal height 0.25. Diameter of AME 0.30–0.35. Length of leg segments (bigger NCA 2019/711): I 1.00 + 0.65 + 0.70 + 0.55 + 0.50 (3.40); II 1.05 + 0.65 + 0.65 + 0.55 + 0.45 (3.35); III 1.50 + 0.80 + 0.95 + 1.00 + 0.50 (4.75); IV 1.30 + 0.60 + 0.85 + 1.00 + 0.50 (4.25). Leg spination: I: Fm d 0-1-1-5; Pt pr and rt 1; Tb d 1-0-0, pr 1-1-1, rt 1-1-0, v 2-2-2 ap; Mt pr and rt 1-1 ap, v 2-2 ap. II: Fm d 0-1-3-5; Pt pr and rt 1; Tb d 1-0-0; pr 1-1-1, rt 1-1-0; v 1-1-2 ap; Mt pr and rt 1-1ap, 2-2 ap. III: Fm d 0-1-3-5; Pt pr and rt 1; Tb d 1-0-0, pr 1-1-1-1, rt 1-1-1-0, v 1-0-2 ap; Mt d 1-1-0, pr and rt 1-0-2 ap, v 2-0-2 ap. IV: Fm d 0-1-2-5; Pt pr and rt 1; Tb d 1-0-0, pr and rt 1-1-1-1, v 1-0-2 ap; Mt d 1-1-0, pr 1-1-2 ap, rt 1-0-2 ap, v 2-0-2 ap. Coloration (in alcohol: Figs 37–41 View Figs 37–45 ; live specimens: 46–48). Carapace brown, eye field dark brown, covered with short brown scales, with two longitudinal stripes of white scales running from ALEs to the rear end, sides covered with white thin stripe of scales. Eye field with short white longitudinal stripe of white scales running from AMEs to ½ length of eye field. Sternum yellowbrown to brown. Endites and labium brown-yellow. Chelicerae yellow-brown. Clypeus yellow-brown to brown, with central transverse stripe of white hairs. Cheeks brown, with two stripes of white scales running from ALEs to the lateral sides of carapace.Abdomen: dorsum brown, medially with longitudinal white stripe; venter brownish yellow. Book-lungs covers yellow. Spinnerets: anterior brownish yellow, posterior brown.All legs yellowish-brown. Femora of all legs apically brown. Patellae I ventrally brown. Tibiae, metatarsi and tarsi I prolaterally and ventrally dark brown. Palps brown-yellow. Palpal femora retrolatrally covered with short dark-brown hairs, ventrally and prolatero-apically densely covered with with white hairs. Tibia and cymbium covered with brown hairs, retrolaterally with white hairs. Palpal structure as in Figs 27–32 View Figs : tegulum with clearly visible proximal projection; apical projection large; TA apically pointed.

Female (BMNH and MRAC)

Measurements: carapace: 2.15 long, 1.45 wide, 1.20 high. Abdomen: damaged and cannot be measured. Ocular area: 1.00 long, 1.35 wide anteriorly, 1.30 wide posteriorly. Cheliceral length 0.75. Clypeal height 0.25. Diameter of AME 0.40. Length of leg segments: I 1.10 + 0.70 + 0.80 + 0.50 + 0.50 (3.60); II 1.10 + 0.70 + 0.70 + 0.50 + 0.45 (3.45); III 1.80 + 0.90 + 1.00 + 0.90 + 0.70 (5.30); IV 1.50 + 0.70 + 1.00 + 1.20 + 0.60 (5.00). Leg spination: I: Fm d 0-1-1-4; Tb pr 1-1, v 2-2-2 ap; Mt pr 1-1 ap, v 2-2 ap. II: Fm d 0-1-1-4; Tb pr 1-1, v 1-1-2 ap; Mt pr 1-1 ap, v 2-2 ap. III: Fm d 0-1-2-4; Pt pr and rt 1; Tb d 1-0-0, pr and rt 1-1-1, v 1-0-2 ap; Mt d 1-1-0, pr and rt 1-0-2 ap, v 1-1-2 ap. IV: Fm d 0-1-1-2; Pt pr and rt 1; Tb d 1-0-0, pr and rt 1-1-1, v 1-0-2 ap; Mt d 1-1-0, pr 1-1-2 ap, rt 1-0-2 ap, v 1-1-2 ap. Coloration (in alcohol: Figs 42–45 View Figs 37–45 ). Coloration similar to that of males. Clypeus whithout medial thin white stripe. Cheeks with white stripes of scales running from outer rim of AME’s to lateral sides of carapace. All legs brownish yellow. Abdomen: dorsum brown, medially with two longitudinal rows of white dots. Spinnerets brownish yellow. Epigyne and spermathecae as in Figs 33–36 View Figs : copulatory openings almost invisible; epigynal pocket low, central structure is ⅓ of epigynal hight; inferior border of EP convex caudally.

Distribution

Botswana, South Africa ( Fig. 200 View Fig ).

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

MMUE

Museum of Manchester University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Manzuma