Neduba sequoia Cole, Weissman, and Lightfoot

Cole, Jeffrey A., Weissman, David B., Lightfoot, David C., Ueshima, Norihiro, Warchałowska-Śliwa, Elżbieta, Maryańska-Nadachowska, Anna & Chatfield-Taylor, Will, 2021, A revision of the shield-back katydid genus Neduba (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Tettigoniinae: Nedubini), Zootaxa 4910 (1), pp. 1-92: 68-70

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4910.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:69A0204C-15B4-4566-AA27-E3817087130A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4465064

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039C87AE-7D35-FF82-FF47-033A7164FB9D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neduba sequoia Cole, Weissman, and Lightfoot
status

sp. n.

Neduba sequoia Cole, Weissman, and Lightfoot   sp. n.

Fig. 19 View FIGURE 19 (distribution), Fig. 29 View FIGURE 29 (male and female habitus, calling song, male and female terminalia, karyotype), Plate 3 View PLATE 3 F–G (live habitus), Plate 5I View PLATE 5 (male calling song), Plate 8 View PLATE 8 F–H (male ventral sclerite), Plate 10I View PLATE 10 (male titillators), Plate 12G View PLATE 12 (female subgenital plate).

Common name. Big Trees Shieldback

History of recognition. Likely confused with N. sierranus   .

Type material. HOLOTYPE MALE: USA, CA, Tulare Co., Coy Flat Campground , Sequoia   National Forest , 0.5 miles south of Camp Nelson off SR190, 36.1269N, 118.6183W, 1524 m., 30-31-VII-2012, JA Cole, DNA67 [tissue], SING357 [DNA extraction], JCR120914_00 [recording], genitalia in vial below specimen, deposited in CAS, Entomology type #19714 GoogleMaps   . PARATYPES (n = 29): Tulare Co., 9♁, 1♀, same data as holotype, LACM GoogleMaps   ; 1♁, same data as holotype JAC GoogleMaps   ; 2♁, same data as holotype except, 20-VIII-2006, DB Weissman, DC Lightfoot, CAS GoogleMaps   ; 11♁, 3♀, South Fork Campground , Sequoia   National Park, 36.35029N, 118.76511W, 1112 m, 12-13-VIII-2015, JA Cole, LACM GoogleMaps   ; 1m, same data except JAC GoogleMaps   ; 1♁, Hwy 190 7 mi. E Springville, 36.156806N, 118.724278W, 707 m, 5-V-2011, DB Weissman, DBW GoogleMaps   .

Measurements. (mm, ♁n = 23, ♀ n = 5) Hind femur ♁17.48–24.26, ♀ 22.03–24.14, pronotum total length ♁8.36–10.66, ♀ 9.50–10.05, prozona length ♁3.34–5.40, ♀ 4.78–5.96, metazona dorsal length ♁4.08–6.05, ♀ 3.79– 4.72, pronotum constriction width ♁2.15–3.15, ♀ 2.57–2.96, metazona dorsal width ♁5.40–6.97, ♀ 5.85–6.65, head width ♁4.45–5.72, ♀ 5.10–5.90, ovipositor length ♀ 14.68–17.42.

Distribution. Western slope of the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains between the Kaweah River and Tule River watersheds, in the vicinity of Sequoia   National Park.

Habitat. Understory of mixed conifer forests, especially in riparian habitats and mesic areas. At the South Fork localities, many adults were feeding on green leaves of mountain mahogany ( Cercocarpus   ). Singing males at this locality were observed and recorded in young dead cedars at the forest edge.

Seasonal occurrence. Adults from late July (27-VII-1986, DJ Burdick, CAS) through August (20-VIII-2006, DB Weissman, CAS). Nymphs from May through mid-June.

Stridulatory file. (n = 18) length 2.7–3.7 mm, 152–203 teeth, tooth density 57.5 ± 3.4 (47.5–61.6) teeth/mm.

Song. (n = 19) A continuous series of alternating MPT and OPT as in other Sequoia   Group species (except N. inversa   ). The PTR of 3.0 ± 0.5 s- 1 is significantly faster than N. prorocantans   , which is distributed to the south, and is half the rate of syntopic N. duplocantans   . PTdc of 75.1 ± 8.7% is significantly higher than all other Sequoia   Group species (ANCOVA, P = 3.75×10 -4). PTF is 14.3 ± 1.0 kHz.

Karyotype. (n = 4) Unique. 2n♁ = 22 (2m + 18t + XtYt). T06-12, S06-80, paratopotype.

Recognition. This is a plastic species that is difficult to recognize. A higher stridulatory file tooth density (55– 59 teeth/mm) as well as larger body size will separate this species from the lower density (47–52 teeth/mm) of both N. prorocantans   distributed to the south and N. duplocantans   , with which it is sympatric. To the north, N. inversa   has a greater stridulatory file tooth density (64–68 teeth/mm). The song PTR is faster than that of N. prorocantans   but half that of N. duplocantans   , whereas N. inversa   sings with numerous OPT between MPT as in Sierranus Group taxa. The karyotype is unique. N. sequoia   inhabits an area between the Kaweah River and Tule River watersheds, a range that it shares only with N. duplocantans   .

Etymology. Named after Sequoia   National Park and Sequoia   National Forest of the southern Sierra Nevada of California.

Notes. This species is common at all localities where collected. Taxidermy of South Fork specimens showed the gut contents to be full of Cercocarpus   . Collections were also made at oatmeal trails.

Material examined. DETERMINED (n = 2): Tulare Co., in addition to type material (above), 1♀, Ash Mountain , Kaweah Power Station 3, 36.48606N, 118.83586W, 27-VII-1996, DJ Burdick, CAS GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ nymph, Ash Mountain , Kaweah Power Station 3, 36.48606N, 118.83586W, 3-VI-1984, DJ Burdick, CAS. QUESTIONABLE PLACEMENT (n = 8) GoogleMaps   : Tulare Co., 2♀ nymphs, Sequoia   National Park , Potwisha Campground, 36.517446N, 118.799821W, 13-VI-1923, EC VanDyke, CAS GoogleMaps   ; 3♀ nymphs, same data except 13-VI-1929, EC VanDyke, CAS GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ nymph, same data except 27-V-1928, EC VanDyke, CAS GoogleMaps   ; 1♁, 1♀ nymphs, same data except 8-V-1931, EC VanDyke, CAS GoogleMaps   .

CA

Chicago Academy of Sciences

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

JAC

University of Jodhpur

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Orthoptera

Family

Tettigoniidae

Genus

Neduba