Doryrhina cyclops (Temminck, 1853)

Mongombe, Aaron Manga, Fils, Eric Moise Bakwo & Tamesse, Joseph Lebel, 2020, Annotated checklist of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of Mount Cameroon, southwestern Cameroon, Zoosystema 42 (24), pp. 483-514 : 500

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Doryrhina cyclops (Temminck, 1853)


Doryrhina cyclops (Temminck, 1853)

( Fig. 13 View FIG , Table 3 View TABLE )

Phyllorrhina cyclops Temminck, 1853: 75 .

COMMON NAME. — Cyclops Leaf-nosed Bat. French: Phyllorine des Cyclopes.

MATERIAL EXAMINED. — 34 specimens (including original data).

Mount Cameroon area • 12 specimens; Mubenge - Isongo ; 4°05’00”N, 9°00’00”E; 0 m; 3.III.1938; Martin Eisentraut leg.; SMNS 3451, 3452, 5597 to 5599, ZMB 54912 to 54915, 93802 to 93804 GoogleMaps 3♀♀, 2 ♂♂; Malende Swamp area ; 4°21’00”N, 9°26’00”E; 50 m; 9.III-10.III.1957; Martin Eisentraut leg.; SMNS 6582, 6583, 8163, 8164 GoogleMaps 1 specimen; Malende ; 4°21’00”N, 9°26’00”E; 150 m; 10.II.1957; Martin Eisentraut leg.; ZFMK 1961.0639 GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Mueli ; 4°23’00”N, 9°07’00”E; 600 m; 8.XII.1958; Martin Eisentraut leg.; ZFMK 1961.0640 GoogleMaps .

Other localities of Cameroon • 1 specimen; Mount Kupe ; 4°48’05”N, 9°42’29”E. 1078 m; 2.XII.1966; Martin Eisentraut leg.; ZFMK 1969.0463 GoogleMaps 9 specimens; Bipindi ; 3°05’00”N, 10°25’00”E; 184 m; Zenker Georg August leg.; ZMB 67752 to 67769, T10541 GoogleMaps .

ORIGINAL DATA. — Only a single specimen of Doryrhina cyclops was captured during our field surveys, which was mist-netted over a waterhole in an undisturbed lowland rainforest of Mount Cameroon at an altitude of 630 m a.s.l. ( Table 1 View TABLE ) Fedden & MacLeod (1986) captured this species only in primary forests on Mount Cameroon, while Eisentraut (1963) captured it only at the lowland rainforest of Mount Cameroon.

HABITATS AND DISTRIBUTION. — This species is widely distributed in West and Central Africa, with a few isolated records from East Africa. This species principally inhabits undisturbed tropical rainforest ( Happold 1987), including lowland, coastal, montane, swamp and mangrove forests ( Fahr 2013c as Hipposideros cyclops). It has also been recorded in isolated forest patches on the edges of savannah ( Decher & Fahr 2005) where it roosts singly, in pairs or in small groups in cavities of hollow standing trees. They have a preference for cavities located high above the ground, and often return to the roost to consume their prey ( Happold 1987). Decher & Fahr (2005) mentioned that this species may be threatened by deforestation in some parts of it range.

REMARK. — We use the generic name Doryrhina based on the revision by Foley et al. (2017).














Doryrhina cyclops (Temminck, 1853)

Mongombe, Aaron Manga, Fils, Eric Moise Bakwo & Tamesse, Joseph Lebel 2020

Phyllorrhina cyclops

Phyllorrhina cyclops Temminck, 1853: 75 .