Urocissa erythrorhyncha caerulea Birckhead,

Lecroy, Mary, 2014, Type Specimens Of Birds In The American Museum Of Natural History Part 12. Passeriformes: Ploceidae, Sturnidae, Buphagidae, Oriolidae, Dicruridae, Callaeidae, Grallinidae, Corcoracidae, Artamidae, Cracticidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, Cnemophilidae, Paradisaeidae, And Corvidae, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2014 (393), pp. 1-165: 116-117

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Urocissa erythrorhyncha caerulea Birckhead


Urocissa erythrorhyncha caerulea Birckhead  Urocissa erythrorhyncha alticola Birckhead

Urocissa erythrorhyncha caerulea Birckhead, 1937: 13  (Lichiang Range, N.W. Yunnan).

Urocissa erythrorhyncha alticola Birckhead, 1938: 72  (new name for caerulea  ).

Now Urocissa erythrorhyncha alticola Birckhead, 1938  . See Boddaert, 1783: 38; Vaurie, 1959: 154; Blake and Vaurie, 1962: 241; Dickinson, 2003: 509; and dos Anjos, 2009: 596.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 450991View Materials, adult male, collected in the Lichiang Range , northwestern Yunnan, China, in October 1918, by George Forrest. 

COMMENTS: Birckhead cited the AMNH number of the holotype in the original description but later discovered that Urocissa  e. caerulea  was preoccupied by Urocissa caerulea Gould, 1863  , and provided (Birck- head, 1938: 72) the replacement name U. e. alticola. The names share the same type.

In the original description, he ( Birckhead, 1937: 13) gave measurements for seven males and four females from the Lichiang Range , the Tengyueh Valley , and the Shweli-Salwin Divide, and said that he examined 18 specimens. The following 17 specimens are considered paratypes of caerulea  and alticola: Lichiang Range, AMNH 143553–143556View Materials, two males, one female, one sex?, collected in 1916–1917 by R.C. Andrews and E. Heller  ; AMNH 676748–676754View Materials, two males, one immature male, one female, one immature female, two sex?, collected by Forrest between 1918 and 1922. Tengyueh Valley , AMNH 676740–676743View Materials, two males, two females, collected by Forrest in 1924 and 1925. Shweli-Salwin Divide, AMNH 676746View Materials, 676747View Materials, one male, one female, collected by Forrest in 1919. He noted that two males from the Shweli Valley agreed with caerulea  in coloration but were considerably smaller  ; these two specimens, AMNH 676744View Materials and 676745, have not been considered paratypes  .

Dos Anjos (2009: 596) spelled the species name erythroryncha, referring to Boddaert’s (1783: 38) original spelling, Corvus erythrorynchus  . Most authors have long called attention to this apparent discrepancy in spelling (e.g., Vaurie, 1959: 154) but have continued to use the spelling ‘‘ erythrorhyncha  ,’’ without stating their reasons. This may date from Sharpe (1877: 71) and Hartert (1921 –1922: 2027) where ‘‘ erythrorhynchus  ’’ is credited to Gmelin, 1788. Gmelin (1788: 372) gave the name Corvus erythrorhynchos  to Buffon’s plate 622 based on a painting by Martinet. But Boddaert’s 1783 name is earlier for the same illustration by Martinet, published by D’Aubenton. Hartert and Steinbacher (1932: 17) called attention to the earlier description by Boddaert, but spelled his name ‘‘ Corvus erythrorhynchus  .’’ Subsequent authors (e.g., Blake and Vaurie, 1962: 241) noted the original spelling erythrorynchus  , but continued to use the spelling supported by usage. The spelling Urocissa erythrorhyncha  is an incorrect subsequent spelling that is clearly in prevailing usage and is credited to Boddaert as the author, therefore this spelling is ‘‘deemed to be a correct original spelling’’ and should be maintained (ICZN, 1999: 42–43, Arts. and 33.3.1).














Urocissa erythrorhyncha caerulea Birckhead

Lecroy, Mary 2014

Urocissa erythrorhyncha alticola

Birckhead, H. 1938: 72

Urocissa erythrorhyncha caerulea

Birckhead, H. 1937: 13

Urocissa erythrorhyncha alticola

dos Anjos, L. 2009: 596
Dickinson, E. C. 2003: 509
Blake, E. R. & C. Vaurie 1962: 241
Vaurie, C. 1959: 154
Boddaert, M. 1783: 38