Passer rufidorsalis megarhynchos C.L. Brehm,

Lecroy, Mary, 2014, Type Specimens Of Birds In The American Museum Of Natural History Part 12. Passeriformes: Ploceidae, Sturnidae, Buphagidae, Oriolidae, Dicruridae, Callaeidae, Grallinidae, Corcoracidae, Artamidae, Cracticidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, Cnemophilidae, Paradisaeidae, And Corvidae, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2014 (393), pp. 1-165: 6

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.1206/885.1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4627988

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0398542A-1939-FFD5-6A21-94E91C01FA0A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Passer rufidorsalis megarhynchos C.L. Brehm
status

 

Passer rufidorsalis megarhynchos C.L. Brehm 

Passer rufidorsalis C.L. Brehm, 1855b: 277  (in N.- O.-Afrika).

Passer rufidorsalis megarhynchos C.L. Brehm, 1856: 376  (in Ostsudahn und sind bei Chartum).

Now Passer domesticus rufidorsalis C.L. Brehm, 1855  . See Hartert, 1918a: 15; Vaurie, 1959: 570– 571; Dickinson, 2003: 716; and Summers-Smith, 2009: 793–794.

LECTOTYPE: AMNH 456520View Materials, adult male, collected on the Blue Nile ( Blauer Nil, as on label), Sudan, on 25 October 1850, by A.E. Brehm. From the Brehm Collection via the Rothschild Collection. 

COMMENTS: In the original description of rufidorsalis, Brehm  did not say how many specimens he had or identify a specimen that could be considered a type; however, the only locality mentioned was ‘‘N.-O-Afrika.’’ Hartert (1918a: 15) discussed the species and considered the above specimen the type of P. rufidorsalis  , thereby designating it the lectotype. Although the specimen is marked ‘‘ Passer rufidorsalis  medius’’ by Brehm, Hartert was unable to confirm that the name ‘‘medius’’ had ever been published. Later, Vaurie (1959: 570) restricted the type locality of P. rufidorsalis  to Kartoum, Sudan. This restriction is not valid according to the Code (ICZN, 1999: 87, Art. 76.2), as the Blue Nile is the collecting locality of the lectotype, according to the label information.

Hartert (1918a: 15) also thought that the same specimen fit Brehm’s (1856: 376–377) description of Passer rufidorsalis megarhynchos  and was the type of both names. In his description of megarhynchos, Brehm divided his P. rufidorsalis  into two subspecies, megarhynchos and microrhynchos, noting that he had specimens of both in both sexes. There are only two Brehm specimens labeled ‘‘ medius ’’ by him, the other being a female specimen also said to have come from the Blue Nile and collected on the same date. If AMNH 456520 is accepted as the lectotype of megarhynchos, then AMNH 456522, female, collected on the Blue Nile, on 25 October 1850, by A.E. Brehm should be considered a paralectotype of megarhynchos.

Both megarhynchos and microrhynchos were said to live ‘‘in Ostsudahn und sind bei Chartum nicht eben selten,’’ but in the description of P. rufidorsalis  , the only locality mentioned was northeast Africa. AMNH 456523, female, was collected at Khartoum on 30 September 1850, but it is labeled ‘‘minor’’ by Brehm and was not discussed by Hartert.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Aves

Order

Passeriformes

Family

Passeridae

Genus

Passer

Loc

Passer rufidorsalis megarhynchos C.L. Brehm

Lecroy, Mary 2014
2014
Loc

Passer domesticus rufidorsalis C.L. Brehm, 1855

Summers-Smith, J. D. 2009: 793
Dickinson, E. C. 2003: 716
Vaurie, C. 1959: 570
Hartert, E. 1918: 15
1918
Loc

Passer rufidorsalis megarhynchos C.L. Brehm, 1856: 376

Brehm, C. L. 1856: 376
1856
Loc

Passer rufidorsalis C.L. Brehm, 1855b: 277

Brehm 1855: 277
1855