Thraulodes nigrabdominalis, Kluge, Nikita J., 2020

Kluge, Nikita J., 2020, Systematic position of Thraulodes Ulmer 1920 (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae) and descriptions of new and little-known species, Zootaxa 4756 (1), pp. 1-142: 104-107

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4756.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9FF62616-A7FA-4331-AC51-0F534400631D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3811808

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039787A6-FFFA-840E-8CFB-FF7FDA20FA63

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Thraulodes nigrabdominalis
status

sp. n.

14. Thraulodes nigrabdominalis   sp. n.

( Figs 450–478 View FIGURES 450–463 View FIGURES 464–473 View FIGURES 474–478 )

Etymology. Allusion to uniformly dark brown, nearly black color of abdomen of imago.

Material examined. Holotype: S-I ♂ {specimen [ XXXIII] (5) 2006} PPERU, Aquaytia, Pampa Yurac (9°04’S, 75°57’W), 23–25.II.2006, coll. N. Kluge. GoogleMaps   Paratypes (presumably associated): the same locality, date and collector: 1 L ♂ (last instar), 3 L ♀ (penultimate instar), 1 larval exuviae (penultimate instar). GoogleMaps  

Descriptions.

Larva (presumably associated). CUTICULAR COLORATION ( Figs 459–453, 456–458 View FIGURES 450–463 ). Dorsal side of head, pronotum and mesonotum brownish, with lighter and darker areas. Abdominal terga I–II or I–III either light brown, or with light brown markings; terga III–VIII either uniformly light, nearly colorless, or tergum VII bordered by reddish-brown anteriorly; terga VIII–IX contrastingly colored by intensive reddish-brown; tergum X light, nearly colorless. Femora mostly light, fore femur with subapical brown band, middle and hind femora with basal and subapical brown bands. Tibia and tarsus uniformly light brownish.

HYPODERMAL COLORATION. Abdominal terga, besides peculiar cuticular coloration (see above) with narrow blackish lines bordering posterior margins of some terga ( Figs 453, 459 View FIGURES 450–463 ). Tergalii gray, tracheae black ( Figs 454–455 View FIGURES 450–463 ).

SHAPE AND SETATION. Clypeus parallel-sided; labrum 1.3–1.4 times wider than clypeus ( Fig. 459 View FIGURES 450–463 ). Labrum widest at midlength; initial fore margin (turned ventrally) without median emargination, shallowly concave, with all 5 denticles wide; anterior transverse setal row regular (as in Fig. 88 View FIGURES 86–93 ), as wide as all 5 denticles. Maxilla with 19 pectinate setae in apical-ventral row.

Femora: Stout setae on anterior surface narrowed distally and truncated ( Fig. 461 View FIGURES 450–463 ). Irregular row of hairs near inner margin absent on fore and middle femora, sparse on hind femur.

Fore tibia: outer hairs form two irregular rows; inner-anterior row of recurved hairs absent; inner-anterior row of stout setae absent; inner field of stout pointed setae dense (i.e. setae longer than distances between them), consists of pointed bipectinate and smooth setae, situated irregularly (about 3–4 setae in cross section).

Hind tibia ( Figs 462–463 View FIGURES 450–463 ): each of three rows of stout setae—outer-anterior, outer-posterior and inner-anterior ones—contains moderately long, narrowing distally stout setae with apices either blunt, or pointed; outer-anterior row, besides this, can contain long spoon-like setae; hairs located between outer-anterior and outer-posterior rows, form one irregular row (besides row of hairs posteriad of outer-posterior row of stout setae).

Claws with 2–4 denticles on rigid portion, with minute denticles on articulatory portion.

Tergalii ( Figs 454–455 View FIGURES 450–463 ): wide; on both lamellae main trachea mainly with branches directed toward costal margin; dorsal lamella bent backward, with costal margin more convex than anal, widest in proximal or middle part, gradually narrowed toward apex, with slender apical filament; ventral lamella widest near base, gradually narrowed toward apex, with slender apical filament.

Male genitalia in last larval instar ( Figs 460 View FIGURES 450–463 , 477–478 View FIGURES 474–478 ): protogonostyli short and separated one from another by shallow concavity. Each protopenis lobe with extremely short projected gonopore-bearing process; gonopores opened caudally.

Subimago ( Figs 464, 470, 473 View FIGURES 464–473 , 475 View FIGURES 474–478 ). CUTICULAR COLORATION. Cuticle mostly brown. Mesonotum darker brown, with darker brown antelateroparapsidal and lateroparapsidal sutures, lighter oblique stripes on posterior scutal protuberances and colorless achromozones; medioscutal and submedioscutal chromozones equally colored by brown, separated by darker brown medioscutal suture ( Fig. 464 View FIGURES 464–473 ). On all legs femur light brown, bordered by darker brown on outer and inner margins and apically; tibia and tarsus light brown ( Fig. 470 View FIGURES 464–473 ). Wings brown due to brown ring around base of each microtrichion; microtrichia blackish-brown (as in Fig. 438 View FIGURES 427–438 ). Abdominal terga, sterna, gonostyli and caudalii light brown.

TEXTURE. On tarsi of all legs, 1st tarsomere with microtrichia (as tibia), 2nd–5th tarsomeres coved by blunt microlepides; pointed microlepides present near apical margins of 2nd–4th tarsomeres of all legs ( Fig. 473 View FIGURES 464–473 ).

Male imago ( Figs 465–469 View FIGURES 464–473 ). Coloration of body and legs nearly uniformly dark brown. Head and antennae dark brown. Dorsal eyes contiguous medially, dull orange. Thorax dorsally, laterally and ventrally equally dark brown, with pleural membranes brownish ocher.

Cuticle of legs light brown; hypodermal pigmentation of femur, tibia and tarsus of all legs uniformly dark brown. In holotype,relation of fore femur to fore wing length 68:260; proportions femur/tibia/tarsomeres on fore leg 68:87:3:14:11:9:8; on middle leg 63:65:3:3:3:3:7; on hind leg 77:68:3:3:3:3:7.

Fore and hind wing with longitudinal and cross veins ocher. Costal cross veins proximad of bulla either absent, of few, colorless and very thin, so that visible only under high magnification (as in Fig. 142 View FIGURES 133–142 ). Pterostigmatic cross veins moderately dense, oblique, non-branched. Hind wing with brown macula on costal brace ( Fig. 476 View FIGURES 474–478 ).

Abdominal hypodermal coloration: all terga and sterna uniformly brown ( Fig. 466 View FIGURES 464–473 ). Caudalii brown, with joinings darkened.

Genitalia ( Figs 471–472 View FIGURES 464–473 , 474–475 View FIGURES 474–478 ): Styliger, gonostyli and penis uniformly brown. Dorsal extension of styliger more or less prominent. Penis lobes long, narrow and slightly divergent; each penis lobe parallel-sided, without lateral pouch, not widened apically, without ear. Telopenes in form of spear-like rolls, attached at apices of penis lobes, directed caudally-medially, stout, with groove opened dorsally-laterally.

Female and eggs. Unknown.

Dimension. Fore wing length (and approximate body length) 6.5 mm.

Stage association. Winged stages were not reared from larvae, and subimaginal parts were not extracted from mature larva, so association of larva and winged stages is only presumed. This association is based on the following features.Last instar larva has tibia of hind leg tinged with blackish hypodermal pigment, that testifies about black tibia in winged stages and placing this species to the niger   group. In contrast to other three species of this group, the imago of Th. nigrabdominalis   sp. n. has no hypodermal pigmentation on area of costal brace of fore wing; this coloration, when present in winged stages, is expressed on the larval protopteron as well, being developed not only in last larval instar, as well in some of the previous instars; larvae under consideration lack this pigmentation, which testifies in favor of their belonging to Th. nigrabdominalis   sp. n. In the examined male larva of last instar, the styliger, being at a very early stage of its development, already has a narrow-parabolic shape ( Fig. 477 View FIGURES 474–478 ), which is the same as in imago and subimago of Th. nigrabdominalis   sp. n. ( Figs 474–475 View FIGURES 474–478 ); this differs from the sympatric species of the same group, Th. nigripes   sp. n., whose styliger is wide-rectangular ( Fig. 499 View FIGURES 498–507 ) and gets this shape at the same early stage of developnemt ( Fig. 502 View FIGURES 498–507 ). In contrast to Th. niger   sp. n., larvae under consideration have no paired submedian hypodermal markings on the abdominal terga ( Fig. 459 View FIGURES 450–463 ), the same as in the imago of Th. nigrabdominalis   sp. n. ( Fig. 466 View FIGURES 464–473 ).

Comparison. The male imago and subimago of Th. nigrabdominalis   sp. n. are similar to Th. niger   sp. n.; the male imago differs from Th. niger   sp. n. by an absence of coloration of costal and subcostal fields of the fore wing and by absence of paired dark markings on the abdominal terga. Both Th. nigrabdominalis   sp. n. and Th. niger   sp. n. have penis structure similar to that of Th. ephippiatus Traver & Edmunds 1967   , Th. cochunaensis Domínguez 1987   and Th. basimaculatus Giordano & Domínguez 2005   and differ from these three species by uniformly dark brown femora and tibiae of all legs. Larval cuticular coloration distinguishes this species from all other known species of Thraulodes   .