Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)

Eiseman, Charles S., Lonsdale, Owen, Linden, John Van Der, Feldman, Tracy S. & Palmer, Michael W., 2021, Thirteen new species of Agromyzidae (Diptera) from the United States, with new host and distribution records for 32 additional species, Zootaxa 4931 (1), pp. 1-68 : 32

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4931.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:88CF2B0D-E02B-46E1-9F52-1B95F717FC8F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4678612

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0395A00B-703D-EB53-2A99-FF4B61246110

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)
status

 

Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)  

( Fig. 80 View FIGURES 73–86 )

Material examined. NORTH CAROLINA: Scotland Co., Laurinburg, St. Andrews University , 20.v.2018, em. 4.vi.2018, T. S. Feldman, ex Mecardonia acuminata   , # CSE4579 , CNC1135666–1135670 View Materials , CNC1144089 View Materials (3♁ 3♀)   .

Hosts. (Note: underlined hosts are from a greenhouse experiment.) Amaranthaceae   : Amaranthus palmeri S.Watson   , Beta vulgaris   L., Chenopodium album   L., Spinacia oleracea   L.; Amaryllidaceae   : Allium cepa   L.; Apiaceae   : Apium graveolens   L., Daucus carota   L.; Araliaceae   : Hydrocotyle umbellata   L., H. verticillata Thunb.   ; Asteraceae   : Ageratum   L. ( Heinz & Parrella 1990), [ Ambrosia artemisiifolia   L.], “ Aster   ” (cultivated), Baccharis halimifolia L.   , Bidens alba   (L.) DC., B. pilosa   L., Callistephus chinensis   (L.) Nees, Chrysanthemum   × morifolium (Ramat.) Hemsl., Conoclinium coelestinum DC.   , [ Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.   ], Dahlia Cav.   , Erechtites hieraciifolius   (L.) Raf. ex DC., Eupatorium capillifolium (Lam.) Small ex Porter & Britton   , E. serotinum Michx.   , Flaveria trinervia (Spreng.) C.Mohr   , Gaillardia aristata Pursh   , Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav.   , Gamochaeta pensylvanica (Willd.) Cabrera   , Gerbera jamesonii Bolus   , Helianthus annuus   L., Hymenopappus scabiosaeus L’Hér.   , Lactuca canadensis L.   , L. sativa   L., [ Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.   ], Melanthera nivea   (L.) Small, Mikania scandens   (L.) Willd., Packera glabella (Poir.) C.Jeffrey   , Parthenium hysterophorus   L., “ Senecio   ”, Sonchus asper   (L.) Hill, S. oleraceus   L., Symphyotrichum cordifolium   (L.) G.L.Nesom, Synedrella nodiflora   (L.) Gaertn., Tagetes erecta   L., Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg.   , Tridax procumbens   L., [ Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trel.   ], Xanthium   L., Zinnia   L.; Caryophyllaceae   : Gypsophila   L.; Cucurbitaceae   : Cucumis melo   L., C. sativus   L., Cucurbita pepo   L., Melothria pendula   L.; Fabaceae   : Crotalaria incana   L., [ Lathyrus japonicus Willd.   ], Medicago lupulina   L., M. sativa   L., Phaseolus lunatus   L., P. vulgaris   L., Pisum sativum   L., Trifolium repens   L., Vicia sativa   L., Vigna luteola (Jacq.) Benth.   , V. radiata   (L.) R.Wilczek, V. unguiculata   (L.) Walp.; [ Lamiaceae   : Glechoma hederacea   L.]; Malvaceae   : Abelmoschus esculentus   (L.) Moench, “ Hibiscus   ”, Malva moschata   L.; Nyctaginaceae   : Abronia villosa S.Watson   ; Plantaginaceae   : * Mecardonia acuminata (Walter) Small   , Plantago major   L.; [ Poaceae   : Avena sativa   L.; Polygonaceae   : Fallopia convolvulus   (L.) Á.L̂ve, Persicaria maculosa Gray.   ]; Ranunculaceae   : Ranunculus repens   L.; Solanaceae   : Capsicum annuum   L., Petunia Juss.   , Physalis angulata   L., P. philadelphica Lam. ( Pérez-Alquicira et al. 2019)   , P. pubescens   L., Solanum americanum Mill.   , S. dulcamara   L., S. lycopersicum   L., S. melongena   L., S. nigrum   L., S. tuberosum   L.; [ Turneraceae   : Piriqueta cistoides subsp. caroliniana (Walter) Arbo   ]; Verbenaceae   : Verbena L.   ; Zygophyllaceae   : Kallstroemia maxima   (L.) Hook. & Arn., Tribulus terrestris   L. ( Eiseman & Lonsdale 2018 and references therein; see Lonsdale (2011) for additional host genera recorded outside of North America).

Leaf mine. ( Fig. 80 View FIGURES 73–86 ) Narrow and linear throughout; greenish to whitish, with dark green to black frass, typically in alternating strips or closely spaced grains, but in some cases partially forming a squiggly line. Mines are generally confined to the upper leaf surface, but some mines on Mecardonia   were partly formed on the lower surface.

Puparium. Yellowish; formed outside the mine.

Phenology and voltinism. This species is multivoltine. We have collected larvae on 7 March in southern California, 26 March in Florida, and 20 May and 2 June in North Carolina, with adults emerging in 12–25 days in each case.

Distribution. Widespread in North, Central, and South America; introduced in the Old World. Largely restrict- ed to greenhouses in colder temperate regions ( Lonsdale 2011).

Comments. This is the first record of any agromyzid from Mecardonia Ruiz & Pav.  

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Agromyzidae

Genus

Liriomyza