Epimelitta prodigiosa, Casari & Santos-Silva, 2016

Casari, Sônia A. & Santos-Silva, Antonio, 2016, Two new species of Epimelitta Bates from Brazil and a new synonymy in Stenopseustes Bates (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Cerambycinae, Rhinotragini), Zootaxa 4083 (3), pp. 371-384: 372-379

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4083.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2BB1FFD5-0091-44B7-98F5-50CCE8AB5F02

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039587C4-2749-FFC6-FF19-FD17B0EFF9F0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Epimelitta prodigiosa
status

sp. nov.

Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov.

( FIgS. 1–32 View FIGURES 1 – 8 View FIGURES 9 – 21 View FIGURES 22 – 27 View FIGURES 28 – 32 )

Description. Male holotype ( FIgS. 1–4 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ). HEAD bLAck ExcEPT foR bRowN PoSTcLyPEUS AND LAbRUm wITh REDDISh-bRowN AREAS, REDDISh-bRowN ANTEcLyPEUS AND yELLowISh AND REDDISh-bRowN moUThPARTS. ScAPE AND PEDIcEL bRowN bEcomINg gRADUALLy REDDISh-bRowN TowARD APEx. ANTENNomERES III – XI REDDISh-bRowN. PRoNoTUm bLAck, DARkbRowN NEAR ANTERIoR AND bASAL mARgINS. ThoRAx vENTRALLy DARk-bRowN (ALmoST bLAck oN mETASTERNUm, ExcEPT foR DARk REDDISh-bRowN REgIoN cLoSE To mESocoxAL cAvITIES). ELyTRA yELLowISh-bRowN, ExcEPT foR bLAckISh, TRIANgULAR, LARgE mAcULA oN cIRcUm-ScUTELLAR AREA, bEcomINg gRADUALLy bRowNISh oN NARRow bAND ALoNg SUTURE AND APEx, AND gRADUALLy wIDER AND DARkER ALoNg LATERAL mARgINS (DoRSALLy NoT INvoLvINg hUmERUS). FEmoRAL PEDUNcLE yELLowISh. FEmoRAL cLUb REDDISh-bRowN, yELLowISh AT APEx. TIbIAE yELLowISh oN bASAL hALf (mAINLy mETATIbIAE), bRowNISh oN DISTAL hALf. TARSI bRowN. VENTRITE I yELLowISh-bRowN ExcEPT foR wIDE LATERAL DARk-bRowN (ALmoST bLAck) bAND LATERALLy oN bASAL Two-ThIRDS, AND NARRow DISTAL bAND. VENTRITES II –III moSTLy DARk-bRowN, wITh Two LARgE, yELLowIShbRowN AREAS AT bASE, SEPARATED by bRowNISh AREA. VENTRITE IV DARk-bRowN wITh SLIghTLy REDDISh-bRowN cENTER. VENTRITE V moSTLy DARk REDDISh-bRowN wITh bLAckISh SIDES. TIbIAE AND TARSI mAINLy bRowNISh oN DISTAL hALf. PUbEScENcE AND SETAE goLDEN.

Head. FRoNS moDERATELy fINE AND AbUNDANTLy PUNcTATE ExcEPT foR SmooTh cENTRAL REgIoN ALoNg LoNgITUDINAL SULcUS; wITh ShoRT   , SPARSE SETAE, SLIghTLy LoNgER AND DENSER cLoSE To LowER EyE LobES, ExcEPT foR gLAbRoUS cENTRAL AREA ALoNg LoNgITUDINAL SULcUS. LoNgITUDINAL SULcUS DISTINcT fRom cLyPEUS To AREA bETwEEN ANTENNAL TUbERcLES   . AREA bETwEEN ANTENNAL TUbERcLES AND vERTEx moDERATELy fINE AND AbUNDANTLy PUNcTATE (PUNcTURES coARSER ThAN oN fRoNS); wITh ShoRT SPARSE SETAE, INTERSPERSED wITh LoNg SETAE. AREA bETwEEN LowER EyE LobES AND PRoThoRAx fINE AND AbUNDANTLy PUNcTATE cLoSE To EyE, SmooTh TowARD PRoThoRAx   ; AREA cLoSE To EyE wITh bRUSh of moDERATELy LoNg SETAE INTERSPERSED wITh DISTINcTLy LoNgER SETAE; SmooTh AREA gLAbRoUS   . GENAE fINE AND DENSELy PUNcTATE, wITh ShoRT SPARSE SETAE ExcEPT foR SmooTh, gLAbRoUS DISTAL REgIoN. GULA ImPUNcTATE, SPARSELy TRANSvERSELy STRIATE, gLAbRoUS. SUbmENTUm TRANSvERSELy STRIATE-PUNcTATE; wITh moDERATELy ShoRT, EREcT, AbUNDANT SETAE. DISTANcE bETwEEN UPPER EyE LobES 0.8 TImES LENgTh of ScAPE; DISTANcE bETwEEN LowER EyE LobES IN fRoNTAL vIEw 0.2 TImES LENgTh of ScAPE. ANTENNAE 1.9 TImES LoNgER ThAN ELyTRA, REAchINg ELyTRAL APEx NEAR APEx of ANTENNomERE IX. ScAPE moDERATELy coARSELy, AbUNDANTLy PUNcTATE; wITh ShoRT, SPARSE SETAE, INTERSPERSED wITh LoNg SETAE. ANTENNomERES III –VI wITh ThIck , DARk   , SPARSE vENTRAL SETAE (SPARSER TowARD ANTENNomERE IV). ANTENNomERE III fILIfoRm; ANTENNomERES IV –X gRADUALLy ExPANDED TowARD APEx, SERRATE (moRE DISTINcTLy AfTER VII). ANTENNAL foRmULA bASED oN ANTENNomERE III: ScAPE = 0.85; PEDIcEL = 0.30; IV = 0.76; V = 0.91; VI = 0.91; VII = 0.88; VIII = 0.67; IX = 0.60; X = 0.54; XI = 0.76.

Thorax. PRoThoRAx AS LoNg AS wIDE, LATERALLy RoUNDED, wIDEST NEAR mIDDLE. PRoNoTUm coARSELy, DENSELy PUNcTATE-ALvEoLATE ExcEPT foR SmooTh, NARRow bAND ALoNg bASAL AND ANTERIoR mARgINS; wITh LoNg, moDERATELy SPARSE SETAE ThRoUghoUT; ANTERIoR AND bASAL mARgINS boRDERED by NARRow bAND of DENSE SETAE (SLIghTLy wIDER AT mIDDLE) ThAT IS coNTINUoUS oN SIDES of PRoThoRAx ( FIg. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 8 )   . SIDES of PRoThoRAx DENSELy PUNcTATE-ALvEoLATE; wITh LoNg, moDERATELy SPARSE SETAE ExcEPT foR INTERcoNNEcTINg bANDS AND ANoThER TRANSvERSE bAND NEAR mIDDLE (STARTINg AT INTERcoNNEcTINg bAND, NoT REAchINg PRoNoTUm). PRoSTERNUm moDERATELy coARSELy, DENSELy PUNcTATE ExcEPT foR NARRow ANTERIoR bAND wITh moDERATELy DEEP TRANSvERSE SULcUS NEAR ANTERIoR mARgIN; wITh AbUNDANT, LoNg SETAE ThRoUghoUT. PRoSTERNAL PRocESS DISTINcTLy NARRowED AT cENTER wITh moDERATELy AbUNDANT, LoNg SETAE. PRocoxAL cAvITIES oPEN bEhIND. MESoSTERNUm wITh moDERATELy LoNg, AbUNDANT SETAE. MESEPISTERNA wITh DENSE SETAE IN LARgE bAND cLoSE To mESEPImERA. MESoSTERNAL PRocESS wITh ShoRT AND LoNg, AbUNDANT SETAE. METEPISTERNA DENSELy PUbEScENT. METASTERNUm DENSELy SEToSE, ExcEPT foR LARgE mEDIAN AREA oN EIThER SIDE wITh SETAE DISTINcTLy SPARSER AND INvERTED V-ShAPED bAND oN cENTER wITh DISTINcTLy SPARSE SETAE; moDERATELy coARSELy, AbUNDANTLy PUNcTATE LATERALLy, gRADUALLy fINER, SPARSER TowARD cENTER   . ScUTELLUm DENSELy PUbEScENT. ELyTRA ALmoST REAchINg APEx of fIRST AbDomINAL SEgmENT; moDERATELy coARSELy, SPARSELy PUNcTATE oN LIghT AREA (mAINLy cENTRALLy) bUT DENSER oN DISTAL qUARTER AND DARk AREAS; wITh LoNg, SPARSE SETAE oN bASAL hALf (SLIghTLy moRE AbUNDANT AT bASE). Legs. PRofEmoRA fUSIfoRm; mESo- AND mETAfEmoRA moRE DISTINcTLy cLAvATE; PEDUNcLE of mESofEmoRA cURvED; cLUb of mETAfEmoRA NoTAbLy ELoNgATE; cLUb of PRofEmoRA NoT coARSELy PUNcTATE (SLIghTLy So oN DISTAL ThIRD); cLUb of mESo- AND mETAfEmoRA coARSELy, AbUNDANTLy PUNcTATE (mAINLy mETAfEmoRA); PRofEmoRA wITh EREcT, SPARSE SETAE vENTRALLy, DoRSALLy oN DISTAL hALf, AND LATERALLy oN DISTAL ThIRD; mESo- AND mETAfEmoRA wITh moDERATELy LoNg, SPARSE SETAE ThRoUghoUT (mAINLy mETAfEmoRA); mETATIbIAE wITh moDERATELy LoNg, SPARSE SETAE oN bASAL hALf, DISTINcTLy LoNgER, DENSER oN DISTAL hALf; mETATARSomERE I AboUT 1.2 TImES LoNgER ThAN combINED LENgTh of II –III.

Abdomen. VENTRITES moDERATELy fINELy, DENSELy, ShALLowLy PUNcTATE; vENTRITES I –IV wITh ShoRT, SPARSE SETAE, NoTAbLy DENSER oN LATERAL DISTAL hALf ( NEAR DISTAL mARgIN PRojEcTED TowARD cENTER)   ; vENTRITE V wITh ShoRT, moDERATELy AbUNDANT SETAE; DISTAL hALf cENTRALLy DEPRESSED.

Female ( FIgS. 5–8 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ). ChRomATIc vARIATIoN: hEAD ENTIRELy bLAck (ExcEPT foR moUThPARTS) oR wITh bRowN PoSTcLyPEUS AND LAbRUm wITh REDDISh-bRowN AREAS AND REDDISh-bRowN ANTEcLyPEUS; ScAPE AND PEDIcEL bRowN, bEcomINg gRADUALLy REDDISh-bRowN TowARD APEx, whIch IS ENTIRELy bRowN, oR DARk-bRowN; ANTENNomERES III – XI REDDISh-bRowN, SomETImES bRowN oN ANTENNomERE III; PRoNoTUm ToTALLy bLAck oR wITh ANTERIoR AND bASAL mARgINS DARk-bRowN; ThoRAx vENTRALLy ENTIRELy bLAck; ELyTRA AS IN hoLoTyPE oR wITh DARk bAND ALoNg SUTURE, NoT REAchINg APEx   , AND /oR LATERALLy To ThE DISTAL ThIRD (USUALLy wITh ThESE AREAS REDDISh-bRowN), bLAck bASAL AREA mAy oR mAy NoT INvoLvE hUmERI; fEmoRAL PEDUNcLE fRom yELLowISh To REDDISh, SomETImES DARk-bRowN oR bLAckISh AT PRo- AND mESofEmoRA; fEmoRAL cLUb REDDISh-bRowN To bLAckISh; TIbIAE AS IN hoLoTyPE oR ENTIRELy DARk-bRowN   ; TARSI fRom bRowN To DARk-bRowN; vENTRITE I AS IN hoLoTyPE oR ENTIRELy DARk-bRowN, bLAckISh, oR REDDISh oNLy TowARD cENTRAL bASAL hALf; vENTRITE II AS IN hoLoTyPE oR ENTIRELy DARk-bRowN, bLAckISh, oR moSTLy yELLowISh; vENTRITES III –V ENTIRELy DARk-bRowN oR bLAckISh.  

DISTANcE bETwEEN UPPER EyE LobES AboUT 0.85 TImES LENgTh of ScAPE; DISTANcE bETwEEN LowER EyE LobES IN fRoNTAL vIEw AboUT 0.80 TImES LENgTh of ScAPE. ANTENNAE 1.6 TImES ELyTRAL LENgTh; REAchINg ELyTRAL APEx AT APEx of ANTENNomERE XI oR SLIghTLy SURPASSINg IT. PRoThoRAcIc ShAPE AS IN hoLoTyPE oR moRE DISTINcTLy LATERALLy RoUNDED; TRANSvERSE bAND of goLDEN PUbEScENcE boRDERINg SIDES of PRoThoRAx fRom DISTINcT To AbSENT. ELyTRA ExTENDINg fRom APEx of bASAL ThIRD To bASE of DISTAL ThIRD of fIRST AbDomINAL SEgmENT.

Dimensions in mm (male holotype /female). ToTAL LENgTh (fRom mANDIbULAR APEx To AbDomINAL APEx), 11.50/ 9.30–12.20; PRoThoRAx: LENgTh, 1.70/1.50–1.90; ANTERIoR wIDTh, 1.40/1.40–1.60; PoSTERIoR wIDTh, 1.5/1.35–1.65; LARgEST wIDTh, 1.70/1.60–1.95; hUmERAL wIDTh, 1.90/1.70–2.05; ELyTRAL LENgTh, 3.10/2.60–3.45.

Description: larva ( FIgS. 9–23 View FIGURES 9 – 21 View FIGURES 22 – 27 , 28–30 View FIGURES 28 – 32 )

LENgTh: 10–15 mm.

ELoNgATE, cyLINDRIcAL, fLATTENED, ESPEcIALLy ANTERIoRLy fRom PRoThoRAx To SEgmENT II. CoLoRATIoN ( FIgS 28–30 View FIGURES 28 – 32 ) mAINLy cREAm. HEAD wITh ANTERIoR bAND, DoRSALLy DARk-bRowN AND vENTRALLy bRowN, foRmINg moUTh fRAmE; bLAck mANDIbLES; mEmbRANoUS mAxILLAE AND LAbIUm wITh LIghT bRowN bANDS. PRoThoRAx wITh foUR DoRSAL AND Two vENTRAL yELLowISh PATchES. AmPULLAE NoT TUbERcULATE oR SPIcULATE. PUbEScENcE fINE, yELLowISh-whITE, LoNgER AND DENSER oN PRoThoRAx AND SEgmENTS VIII –IX.

HEAD ( FIgS. 9, 10 View FIGURES 9 – 21 , 28–30 View FIGURES 28 – 32 ) ExTENSIbLE, DEEPLy RETRAcTED INTo PRoThoRAx, gLAbRoUS ExcEPT foR LATERAL AND ANTERIoR REgIoNS, PRogNAThoUS, moDERATELy TRANSvERSALLy fLATTENED, wIDER bEhIND mIDDLE; PoSTERIoR mARgIN fEEbLy EmARgINATED AT mIDDLE. HEAD cAPSULE wITh RoUNDED LATERAL mARgINS, DoRSALLy ENTIRE. MEDIAN SUTURE AND ENDocARINA AbSENT. FRoNTAL SUTURE INDISTINcT. EPISTomAL mARgIN SLIghTLy EmARgINATED AT mIDDLE, STRoNgLy ScLERoTIZED, wITh oNE PAIR of SETAE NEAR ANTERIoR mARgIN oN EAch SIDE; Two PAIRS of SETAE EAch SIDE NEAR boRDER of moUTh fRAmE: oNE LATERALLy jUST bEhIND ANTERIoR mARgIN AND oNE NEAR mIDDLE. EAch EPIcRANIAL hALf wITh NUmERoUS LATERoDoRSAL AND LATERovENTRAL SETAE bELow ANTENNA. STEmmATA AbSENT. OccIPITAL foRAmEN vERy LARgE vENTRALLy, DIvIDED INTo Two PoRTIoNS: PARS minor RoUNDED, AND PARS major wIDER ThAN LoNg AND TRAPEZoIDAL. HyPoSTomAL LINE INDISTINcT. GULAR SUTURES ShoRT. ANTENNAE ( FIgS. 11–13 View FIGURES 9 – 21 , 29 View FIGURES 28 – 32 ) LoNg, wITh ThREE ANTENNomERES, NoT REAchINg mANDIbULAR APIcES; ANTENNIfER ELoNgATE AND mEmbRANoUS; bASAL AND mEDIAN ANTENNomERES ELoNgATE; bASAL LoNgER AND wIDER ThAN mEDIAN, wITh oNE LoNg LATERo-ExTERNAL SETA AND foUR cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLA: Two vENTRAL AND Two DoRSAL; mEDIAN ANTENNomERE bEARINg oN DISTAL hALf, foUR LoNg DoRSAL AND Two LoNg AND oNE ShoRT vENTRAL SETAE; ThREE cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLA oN DISTAL ThIRD of vENTRAL REgIoN AND A ShoRT mEmbRANoUS, coNIcAL, SENSoRIAL LATERo-ExTERNAL APPENDIx AT APEx; DISTAL ANTENNomERE NARRow, ELoNgATE, LocATED LATERo-INTERNALLy AT APEx of mEDIAN ANTENNomERE, bEARINg AT APEx, oNE SmALL mEmbRANoUS coNIcAL SENSoRIAL APPENDIx, ThREE LoNg AND Two ShoRT SETAE. CLyPEUS ( FIg. 14 View FIGURES 9 – 21 ) mEmbRANoUS, gLAbRoUS, ShoRT, LATERALLy bAND-ShAPED, LoNgER AND TRAPEZoIDAL AT mIDDLE. LAbRUm ( FIg.14 View FIGURES 9 – 21 ) NARRow, ALmoST 1/8 wIDTh of hEAD, SLIghTLy wIDER ThAN LoNg, wITh mARgINS STRoNgLy RoUNDED; wITh NUmERoUS LoNg SETAE, moRE coNcENTRATED LATERALLy. EPIPhARyNx ( FIg. 17 View FIGURES 9 – 21 ) NARRow, RoUNDED wITh LoNg SETAE NEAR mARgINS of ANTERIoR hALf AND mIcRoSPINES ALoNg SIDES of bASAL hALf; TRIANgULAR RAISED mEmbRANoUS AREA AT bASAL hALf wITh moDERATELy LoNg SETAE AT mIDDLE. MANDIbLES ( FIgS. 18–21 View FIGURES 9 – 21 ) SymmETRIcAL, wIDE, coNcAvE AT mESAL REgIoN wITh goUgE-ShAPED cUTTINg EDgE; APIcES wIDELy RoUNDED AND SLIghTLy cLEARER; Two LoNg AND oNE ShoRT LATERo-ExTERNAL SETAE AND SEvERAL TINy vENTRAL SETAE NEAR bASE; PENIcILLUS AbSENT. MAxILLAE ( FIgS. 15, 16 View FIGURES 9 – 21 ) vENTRALLy mEmbRANoUS; STIPES wITh bRowN, INcLINED, TRANSvERSAL bAND NEAR mIDDLE AND LoNg SETAE, moRE coNcENTRATE NEAR LATERAL mARgIN; cARDo fUSED To SUbmENTUm wITh bRowN bASAL bAND wITh ThREE TINy SETAE (REPRESENTED by PUNcTURES); mALA wIDE AND RoUNDED wITh foUR SETAE AND SEvEN cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLA. DoRSALLy, STIPES AND mALA mIcRoSPINED, ExcEPT NEAR mIDDLE, wITh fIvE LoNg SETAE AND A Row wITh SEvEN SETAE NEAR DISTAL mARgIN of mALA. PALPIfER mEmbRANoUS wITh ScLERoTIZED bAND NEAR vENTRAL bASE; fIvE LoNg LATERo-ExTERNAL SETAE, foUR LATERo-INTERNAL AND oNE cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLUm; DoRSALLy mIcRoSPINED. MAxILLARy PALPI wITh ThREE PALPomERES: bASAL wIDER ThAN LoNg, vENTRALLy wITh fIvE moDERATELy LoNg LATERo-INTERNAL AND Two vERy LoNg LATERo-ExTERNAL SETAE AND Two cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLA; DoRSALLy wITh oNE LoNg SETA AND oNE cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLUm NEAR bASE AND NUmERoUS mIcRoSPINES foRmINg A ShoRT PRocESS; mEDIAN PALPomERE LoNgER ThAN wIDE, wITh foUR vENTRAL SETAE AND oNE cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLUm, Two DoRSAL LATERo-ExTERNAL SETAE AND SEvERAL LATERo-INTERNAL mIcRoSPINES; DISTAL PALPomERE NARRowER, ELoNgATE, DoRSALLy bEARINg oNE ShoRT LATERAL SETA AND oNE cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLUm, oNE LoNg AND wIDE SETA NEAR bASE AND vARIoUS PEg-ShAPED SENSILLA AT APEx. LAbIUm ( FIgS. 15, 16 View FIGURES 9 – 21 ) vENTRAL: SUbmENTUm fUSED To cARDo, mEmbRANoUS AND wITh Two LoNg SETAE NEAR mIDDLE; mENTUm wIDER ThAN LoNg, mEmbRANoUS wITh bRowN bASAL bAND, bRokEN AT mIDDLE AND vARIoUS LoNg SETAE; PREmENTUm wIDER ThAN LoNg, mEmbRANoUS wITh bRowN bASAL bAND, wITh vARIoUS LoNg SETAE AND SomE mIcRoSPINES oN mEmbRANoUS AREA; bRowN bAND wITh Two PAIRS of cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLA NEAR bASE. LAbIAL PALPI wITh Two PALPomERES: bASAL SLIghTLy wIDER ThAN LoNg, vENTRALLy wITh foUR oR fIvE SETAE AND oNE cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLUm AND DoRSALLy, Two SETAE AND SomE LATERo- INTERNAL mIcRoSPINES; DISTAL PALPomERE ELoNgATE, bEARINg boTh A DoRSAL AND vENTRAL cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLUm AND NUmERoUS PEg-ShAPED SENSILLA AT APEx. HyPoPhARyNx ( FIg. 16 View FIGURES 9 – 21 ) mEmbRANoUS, bULgINg, TRIANgULAR AND covERED by mIcRoSPINES.

PRoThoRAx, wIDEST SEgmENT of boDy, wIDER ThAN LoNg, ANTERIoRLy NARRowER; LATERAL PRoNoTAL fURRowS AND ALAR LobES PRESENT; PoSTNoTAL foLD DISTINcT; PRESTERNUm AND EUSTERNUm fUSED; STERNELUm wELL DEfINED wITh oNE PAIR of ShoRT LEgS. MESo- AND mETAThoRAx ShoRT, SLIghTLy NARRowER ThAN PRoThoRAx, bAND-ShAPED, EAch wITh oNE PAIR of ShoRT LEgS. MESoScUTUm AND mESEScUTELLUm DISTINcT; mESoThoRAx NARRowER AND wITh oNE ELLIPTIcAL, vENTRAL SPIRAcLE ( FIgS 23 View FIGURES 22 – 27 , 29 View FIGURES 28 – 32 ) oN EAch SIDE. LEgS ( FIgS. 22 View FIGURES 22 – 27 , 29 View FIGURES 28 – 32 ) vERy ShoRT, hALf of ThoRAcIc SPIRAcLE SIZE, 3-SEgmENTED; coxA ShoRT, wIDE, wITh fIvE LoNg, wIDE SETAE; mEDIAN SEgmENT SLIghTLy wIDER ThAN LoNg wITh oNE LoNg, wIDE SETA AND oNE cAmPANIfoRm SENSILLUm oN EAch SIDE; DISTAL SEgmENT ELoNgATE, NARRow APIcAD wITh DENTIcLES oN bASAL 2/3.

AbDomINAL SEgmENT I bAND-ShAPED, ShoRT, SLIghTLy NARRowER ThAN mETAThoRAx; SEgmENTS II –VI NARRowER ThAN SEgmENT I AND INcREASINg IN LENgTh TowARDS APEx; SEgmENT VI LoNgEST; SEgmENTS VII –VIII wIDER ThAN PREvIoUS; SEgmENT VIII NARRow, bAND-ShAPED; SEgmENT IX NARRow, vERy ShoRT; SEgmENT X REDUcED, RoUNDED AND DISTAL; SEgmENTS I –VII EAch wITh oNE mEDIAN DoRSAL ELLIPTIcAL oR RoUNDED AmPULLA AND Two vENTRAL AmPULLAE, AND Two LobES EAch SIDE. SEgmENTS I –VIII wITh oNE LATERo-ANTERIoR ELLIPTIcAL SPIRAcLE EAch SIDE, SmALLER ThAN ThoRAcIc SPIRAcLES.

Description: pupa (fEmALE) ( FIgS. 24–27 View FIGURES 22 – 27 , 31, 32 View FIGURES 28 – 32 )

LENgTh: 14 mm.

CoLoRATIoN ( FIgS. 31, 32 View FIGURES 28 – 32 ) cREAm AfTER fIxATIoN. ALmoST gLAbRoUS; PRoNoTUm AND TERgITES I –VIII wITh mIcRoSPINES, EAch wITh oNE yELLowISh SETA AT bASE. MIcRoSPINES oN PRoNoTUm TINy AND bRIghT AND bASAL SETAE LoNg AND coNSPIcUoUS; IN SmALL mAgNIfyINg oNLy SETAE ARE SEEN.

HEAD PARTIALLy vISIbLE DoRSALLy. ANTENNAE ShoRT, ExTENDINg To mIDDLE of TERgITE II. EyES coNvEx AND wELL- SEPARATED, INDIcATIvE of A fEmALE.

PRoNoTUm wIThoUT TUbERcLES, wIDER ThAN LoNg wITh LATERAL mARgINS RoUNDED; hIND ANgLES DIvERgENT AND RoUNDED; ShoRT AND LIghT bRowN mIcRoSPINES NEAR ANgLES AND bASE, EAch wITh oNE moDERATELy LoNg SETA. MESo- AND mETANoTUm gLAbRoUS; ScUTELLUm PRoTUbERANT; ScUTELLAR gRoovE DISTINcT. ELyTRA ShoRT, REAchINg AbDomEN vENTRALLy, wITh RoUNDED APEx; wINgS REAchINg mIDDLE of TERgITE II. LEgS wITh vERy LoNg mETAfEmoRA, ALmoST REAchINg APEx of TERgITE V.

AbDomEN bASALLy NARRowER; SEgmENTS I –VII INcREASINg IN LENgTh; SEgmENTS I –III INcREASINg IN wIDTh; SEgmENTS V –VIII DEcREASINg IN wIDTh; SEgmENTS I –VIII wITh SmALL bRowN DoRSAL SPINES, INcREASINg IN SIZE APIcAD, EAch wITh oNE bASAL SETA; SEgmENT VIII ALmoST cyLINDRIcAL; SEgmENTS I –VI wITh oNE PAIR of ELLIPTIcAL DoRSoLATERAL SPIRAcLES. SEgmENT IX ( FIgS. 24, 25 View FIGURES 22 – 27 ) DoRSALLy ShoRT, bAND-ShAPED, PRomINENT AT mIDDLE wITh foUR PAIRS of SPINES, vENTRALLy mEmbRANoUS, bILobED AND fLEShy.

Type material. HoLoTyPE mALE fRom BRAZIL, São Paulo: PERUíbE, 27–29.IX.1984, ExP   . MZSP coL. (MZSP). PARATyPES – BRAZIL, Espírito Santo: SANTA TERESA, XI.1964. C. T   . ELIAS coL., 5 fEmALES (MZSP). Rio de Janeiro: ITATIAIA (700 m), 30.X.1925, J. F. ZIkáN coL., fEmALE ( MZSP)   . São Paulo: PERUíbE, 27–29.IX.1984, ExPEDITIoN MZSP coL., fEmALE, 4 LARvAE (oNE DISSEcTED), 3 PUPAE ( MZSP).  

Etymology. ThE SPEcIfIc EPIThET IS A DERIvATIvE of ThE LATIN woRD prodigiosus (= bIZARRE), REfERRINg To ThE boDy ShAPE.

Remarks. Adults. PUbEScENcE AND AREA wITh DENSE SETAE coULD bE SLIghTLy DISTINcT DUE oN ANgLE of LIghT.

Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov. IS SImILAR To E. ornaticollis   (ZAjcIw, 1973), bUT DIffERS AS foLLowS: goLDEN PUbEScENcE oN PRoNoTUm NoT PRojEcTED TowARD cENTER fRom bASE AND ANTERIoR mARgIN; ELyTRA wIThoUT bAND wITh goLDEN PUbEScENcE oN DISc. IN E. ornaticollis   (SEE BEZARk 2015) ThE goLDEN PUbEScENcE oN PRoNoTUm IS DISTINcTLy PRojEcTED TowARD cENTER fRom ANTERIoR AND bASAL mARgINS, AND ThE ELyTRA hAS A bAND wITh goLDEN PUbEScENcE oN DISc. SEE REmARkS oN Epimelitta penicillata   sp. nov.

Immatures. ThE LARvAE of RhINoTRAgINI   ARE PRINcIPALLy chARAcTERIZED by AbSENcE of STEmmATA (ExcEPT IN Sphecomorpha   ), A STRoNgLy TRANSvERSE hEAD cAPSULE AND AbDomINAL AmPULLAE NEvER TUbERcULATE oR mIcRo-SPIcULATE. PUPAE ARE DISTINgUIShED by STRoNgLy bASALLy NARRowED AbDomEN, SEgmENT I mUch NARRowER ThAN SEgmENTS III AND IV AND vERy LoNg hIND fEmoRA, ExTENDINg PoSTERIoRLy AT LEAST AS fAR AS TERgITE V ( DUffy 1960). LARvAE of SEvERAL SPEcIES of ThIS TRIbE PRESENT mIcRo-gRANULATE AmPULLAE.

ComPARINg ThE LARvAE of Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov. wITh ThoSE DEScRIbED fRom ThE oThER gENERA ( Fissapoda barbicrus   , Odontocera   SP., Optomerus bispeculifer   , Sphecomorpha rufa   , Stultutragus poecilus   AND Tomopterus larroides   ), ThE LARvAE of RhINoTRAgINI   ARE DEfINED AS foLLowS: hEAD STRoNgLy TRANSvERSE ExcEPT IN Sphecomorpha rufa   , whoSE hEAD IS TRANSvERSE wITh vERy fEEbLy RoUNDED AND PoSTERIoRLy DIvERgENT SIDES; moUThfRAmE SmooTh AND fERRUgINEUS; gENAE wITh NUmERoUS SETAE; LAbRUm TRANSvERSE oR RoUNDED, fRINgED ANTERIoRLy by LoNg oR ShoRT SETAE; mANDIbLES bLAck AND SmooTh ExcEPT IN Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov., whIch hAS bRIghTER APIcES; ANTENNAE wITh bASAL ANTENNIfER RAThER LoNg AND SUPPLEmENTARy PRocESS (mEmbRANoUS SENSoRIAL APPENDIx) AT APEx of mEDIAN ANTENNomERE; STEmmATA AbSENT ExcEPT IN Sphecomorpha rufa   ; hyPoSTomAL SUTURES INcURvED ExcEPT IN Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov. AND Sphecomorpha rufa   IN whIch ThEy ARE INDIScERNIbLE; gULA wITh SUTURES SLIghTLy RAISED oNLy IN Fissapoda barbicrus   ; PRoNoTUm wITh Two oR foUR ANTERIoR yELLowISh PATchES IN Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov. AND Sphecomorpha rufa   ; PRoNoTUm wITh LATERAL REgIoNS DULL, vELvETy mIcRo-SPIcULATE ExcEPT IN Sphecomorpha rufa   , whIch IS PoSTERIoRLy DULL AND fINELy mIcRo-gRANULATE, AND Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov., PARTIALLy SEToSE; PRoSTERNUm vELvETy mIcRoSPIcULATE SUbLATERALLy ExcEPT Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov., PARTIALLy SEToSE; PRoEUSTERNUm wITh A DISTINcT mEDIAN, LoNgITUDINAL, SEToSE ELEvATIoN ExcEPT IN Epimellita   AND Fissapoda   SPEcIES; DoRSAL AmPULLAE of AbDomEN fINELy mIcRo-gRANULATE ExcEPT IN Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov.; TERgITE IX wIThoUT A ScLERoTIZED PRocESS; ANAL LobES SPARSELy SEToSE; LEgS ShoRT AND 3-SEgmENTED ExcEPT IN Sphecomorpha rufa   , whIch hAS 2-SEgmENTED LEgS; SPIRAcLE wITh ovAL TESTAcEoUS PERITREmE, wIThoUT mARgINAL chAmbERS IN Sphecomorpha rufa   .

BESIDES Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov., PUPAE of Optomerus bispeculifer   , Sphecomorpha rufa   , AND Tomopterus larroides   ARE kNowN. BASED oN ThESE SPEcIES, ThE PUPAE of RhINoTRAgINI   ARE DEfINED AS foLLowS: hEAD wITh vERTEx NoT coNcEALED fRom AbovE by PRoNoTUm, ELoNgATE, TRIANgULAR AND gLAbRoUS; ANTENNAE ShoRT, ExTENDINg AS fAR AS TERgITE I oR II, gRADUALLy ThIckENED TowARD APIcES; EyES fEEbLy coNvEx; LAbRUm gLAbRoUS; PRoNoTUm wIThoUT LATERAL TUbERcLES; DISc of PRoNoTUm wITh A fEw ScATTERED vERy fINE PALE SETAE, moRE coNcENTRATE NEAR ANgLES AND bASAL mARgIN IN Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov.; mESo- AND mETANoTUm wITh A fEw SImILAR SETAE, gLAbRoUS IN Epimelitta prodigiosa   sp. nov.; ScUTELLUm RAThER STRoNgLy PRoTUbERANT; ScUTELLAR gRoovE DISTINcT; ELyTRA SUbPARALLEL-SIDED AND APIcALLy RoUNDED, ExcEPT IN Sphecomorpha rufa   , IN whIch IT IS STRoNgLy ATTENUATED AND TAPERINg TowARDS APIcES; AbDomEN STRoNgLy NARRowED AND coNSTRIcTED bASALLy; TERgITES I –VIII oR II –VIII wITh TRANSvERSE IRREgULAR Row of ShoRT SToUT SPINES (EAch wITh oNE bASAL SETA); TERgITE IX ExTREmELy ShoRT wITh SUb-REcTANgULAR ELEvATIoN; STERNITES SmooTh AND gLAbRoUS; hIND fEmoRA vERy LoNg ExTENDINg To bETwEEN TERgITES V AND VI; fUNcTIoNAL SPIRAcLES oN SEgmENTS I –VI; SPIRAcLE of SEgmENT VII cLoSED AND NoN-fUNcTIoNAL.

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

DUE

University of Dundee