Patrera pellucida ( Keyserling, 1891 ), Oliveira & Brescovit, 2021

Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2021, The spider genus Patrera Simon (Araneae: Dionycha, Anyphaeninae) in the Atlantic Forest biome, with the description of one new species from Brazil, Zootaxa 4991 (2), pp. 201-246: 237-241

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4991.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:62BE9E59-1DAB-425F-A322-4E48F12391C6

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5092184

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039487BC-510C-FF82-9DEE-9F22FC98FE00

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Patrera pellucida ( Keyserling, 1891 )
status

new combination

Patrera pellucida ( Keyserling, 1891)   , new combination

Figs 22A–G View FIGURE 22 ; 23A–D View FIGURE 23 ; 24A–F View FIGURE 24 ; 27E View FIGURE 27

Anyphaena pellucida Keyserling, 1891: 122   , pl. 4, fig. 83 (Holotype female from Nova Friburgo (22°16’55”S; 42°31’51”W), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Prof. Göldi leg., deposited in BMNH, examined).

Sillus pellucidus: Petrunkevitch, 1911: 511   .

Other material examined. BRAZIL. Rio de Janeiro: Teresópolis (22°24’43”S; 42°57’57”W), Estrada Rio, 90– 1000 m, 1♀, III.1946, H.S. Sick leg. (AMNH); GoogleMaps   Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos (22°29’35”S; 43°4’24”W), 6♂, 4♀ (IBSP 139523; IBSP 139525; IBSP 139534; IBSP 139538; IBSP 139541; IBSP 139545; IBSP 139546; IBSP139553; IBSP 139554); GoogleMaps   all collected in 18–22.VIII.2001 by Equipe Biota; Petrópolis, Fazenda Ranchinho da Roça (22°30’18”S; 43°10’44”W), 2♂, 1♀ (IBSP 139447); 6♂, 3♀ (IBSP 139436; IBSP 139439; IBSP 139440; IBSP 139446; IBSP 139447; IBSP139451; IBSP 139456), all collected in 12–14.XI.1999 by Equipe Biota; 11♂, 9♀ (IBSP 139926; IBSP 139927; IBSP 139929; IBSP 139931; IBSP 139934–IBSP 139936; IBSP 139940; IBSP 139944; IBSP 139945; IBSP 139947–IBSP 139950); all collected in 08–15.II.2000 by Equipe Biota GoogleMaps   ; São Paulo: Iporanga, Fazenda Intervales (24°16’6.3”S; 48°24’49.7”W), 1♂, IV–V.1996, A. Leme leg. (IBSP 7854) GoogleMaps   ; Paraná: Morretes, Morro da Farinha Seca (25°22’32”S; 48°55’4”W), 4♀, 15–20.IX.1995, M. Silveira & A. Braul leg. (MCTP 3206) GoogleMaps   ; Santa Catarina: Rancho Queimado (27°40’22”S; 49°1’19”W), 1♂, 1♀, 13–15.I.1995, L.A. Moura leg. ( MCN 26354 View Materials ; MCN 26355 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. Patrera pellucida   resembles P. tensa   by the similar embolus and route of the sperm duct in the tegulum of male palp (as in Figs 11C View FIGURE 11 , 12A View FIGURE 12 , 13B View FIGURE 13 ) and by having small hood in the female epigynum (as in Figs 11F View FIGURE 11 , 12C View FIGURE 12 ). They differ by the small retrolateral basal projection in the cymbium, retrolateral tibial apophysis sinuous and furrowed in median area in the male palp ( Figs 22C–E View FIGURE 22 , 23A, B View FIGURE 23 , 24D, E View FIGURE 24 ), and by the small and triangular lateral borders of the female epigynum ( Figs 22F View FIGURE 22 , 23C View FIGURE 23 , 24F View FIGURE 24 ).

Description. Male (IBSP 139447). Carapace and legs orange; chelicerae red brown, with darker distal area; labium and endites orange. Sternum orange, with dark borders. Abdomen dorsally reddish cream with faintly orange paramedian bands, ventrally grayish cream and spinnerets grayish ( Fig. 22A View FIGURE 22 ). Total length 8.2, carapace length 3.1, width 2.5. Clypeus height 0.10. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.10, ALE 0.18, PME 0.18, PLE 0.16; AME–AME 0.06, AME–ALE 0.08, PME–PME 0.16, PME–PLE 0.16, ALE–PLE 0.08. Chelicerae 2.2 long, four promarginal teeth, five retromarginal denticles ( Fig. 24A View FIGURE 24 ). Leg measurements: leg I—femur 5.1/ patella1.6/ tibia 6/ metatarsus 5.2/ tarsus 2.2/ total 20.1; II—4.2/ 1.4/ 5.1/ 4.5/ 1.9/ 17.1; III—3/ 1.2/ 2.5/ 3.2/ 1.1/ 11; IV—4.1/ 1.3/ 3.8/ 5.2/ 1.4/ 15.8. Leg spination: I—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-1, r1-1-1, metatarsus v2-1p-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; II—tibia v2-2-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, metatarsus v2-1p-0, p1-1-1, r1-1-1; III—tibia v2-2-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0 metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-2, r1- 1-1; IV—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-1, r1-1-1. Abdomen: length 4.4, epigastric furrow 1.4 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 1.7 from base of spinnerets. Palp: tibia long as cymbium, slightly curved; tibial retrolateral apophysis truncated, curved and serrated on the anterior margin; cymbium oval; tegulum oval, with sperm duct sinuous at base; subtegular projection short, almost all covered by the tegulum; short and almost apical median apophysis; slender prolateral embolus, originating at the base of the tegulum ( Figs 22C–E View FIGURE 22 , 23A, B View FIGURE 23 , 24B–E View FIGURE 24 ).

Female (IBSP 139447). Colorations as in male, except abdomen lighter ( Fig. 22B View FIGURE 22 ). Total length 9.7, carapace length 3.8, width 2.8. Clypeus height 0.12. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.10, ALE 0.20, PME 0.20, PLE 0.22; AME–AME 0.08, AME–ALE 0.08, PME–PME 0.20, PME–PLE 0.18, ALE–PLE 0.08. Chelicerae 1.7 long, five promarginal teeth, seven retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: leg I—femur 4.5/ patella 1.6/ tibia 4.9/ metatarsus 4.1/ tarsus 1.8/ total 16.9; II—4.2/ 1.6/ 4.3/ 3.8/ 1.6/ 15.5; III—3/ 1.2/ 2.2/ 2.8/ 1.1/ 10.3; IV—4.1/ 1.3/ 3.6/ 4.7/ 1.3/ 15. Leg spination: I—tibia v2-2-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, metatarsus v2-0-0, p0, r0; II—tibia v2-2-0, p1-1-1, r1-1-1, metatarsus v2-0-0, p0, r0; III—tibia v2-2-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-2, r1-1-2; IV—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-2, r1-1-2. Abdomen: length 5.8, epigastric furrow 1.8 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 2.1 from base of spinnerets. Epigynum: lateral borders not connected distally; small, enlarged atrium; internally with elongated, coiled copulatory ducts; elongated seminal receptacles, in the proximal area of the copulatory ducts; reniform spermathecae; fertilization ducts as long as the spermathecae, curved, basal ( Figs 22F, G View FIGURE 22 , 23C, D View FIGURE 23 , 24F View FIGURE 24 ).

Variation. Males (n=7): total length 5.1–8.9; carapace length 2.1–3.5; femur I length 3.8–4.8. Females (n=4): total length: 7.4–9.4; carapace length 3.1–3.7; femur I length 3.6–4.2.

Distribution. Southeast and South of Brazil ( Fig. 27E View FIGURE 27 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anyphaenidae

Genus

Patrera

Loc

Patrera pellucida ( Keyserling, 1891 )

Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M. & Brescovit, Antonio D. 2021
2021
Loc

Sillus pellucidus:

Petrunkevitch, A. 1911: 511
1911
Loc

Anyphaena pellucida

Keyserling, E. 1891: 122
1891