Nisitrus hughtani Robillard & Tan, 2021

Tan, Ming Kai, Wahab, Rodzay bin Haji Abdul, Japir, Razy, Chung, Authur Y. C. & Robillard, Tony, 2021, Revision of the cricket genus Nisitrus Saussure (Orthoptera: Gryllidae: Eneopterinae) and descriptions of five new species, European Journal of Taxonomy 761 (1), pp. 1-75: 33-37

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2021.761.1449

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:519E2F56-40E1-4431-BC90-8484E308D16E

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5170007

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/8E5BC124-4F3C-432E-BB94-A19C32128B06

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:8E5BC124-4F3C-432E-BB94-A19C32128B06

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Nisitrus hughtani Robillard & Tan
status

sp. nov.

Nisitrus hughtani Robillard & Tan   sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:8E5BC124-4F3C-432E-BB94-A19C32128B06

Figs 5 View Fig , 7C View Fig , 8E View Fig , 10D View Fig , 11D View Fig , 12D View Fig , 13C View Fig , 14D View Fig , 15A View Fig , 16C View Fig , 17F–G View Fig , 20; Tables 1–2 View Table 1 View Table 2 , 6 View Table 6

Diagnosis

Large and slender species. Head mostly black, but with cream-coloured margin around eyes in both dorsal and lateral views; frons mostly black, but yellow ventral to eyes and antennal cavity; maxillary palpi white. Pronotum dorsal lobe black, lateral lobe mostly white or yellow, its dorsal margin black. Female FWs with dorsal field infumated black; lateral field ventrally black; M/R area forming a clearly defined white/yellow stripe. This species is most similar to N. danum   sp. nov. from Borneo, but differs by the following characters: larger in size, vertex black with cream-coloured margin around eyes (instead of yellow); frons and mouthparts dark red brown to black; frons black with a cream-coloured band ventral to eyes (instead of completely yellow). This species also differs from the sympatric N. insignis   by frons mostly black (instead of yellow); lateral field M/R area forming a clearly defined white stripe (instead of dark); female FW dorsal field with veins black (instead of yellow) and juvenile colouration.

Etymology

The new species is named after Prof. Hugh Tiang Wah Tan, a renowned botanist and conservation biologist from Singapore and the PhD supervisor of M.K. Tan.

Material examined

Holotype INDONESIA – Sumatra • ♀; “Nambaru, Kec. Bundar Pasir Mandage, Kab. Asahan”; 2°44′24.17″ N, 99°15′02.52″ E; 980 m a.s.l.; 5 Aug. 1983; Yusup leg.; MZB.ORTH.12193. GoogleMaps  

Paratypes INDONESIA – Sumatra • 1 ♀; same collection data as for holotype; (MZB.ORTH.12192); MNHN- EO-ENSIF10946 GoogleMaps   1 ♀; “ Sarapai ”; “ 8 July ” 1916; Edward Jacobson leg.; RMNH   1 ♂; 20 km east of Sasak, environment of Harau Valley National Park ; 0°04′51.79″ S, 100°39′08.13″ E; 24–26 Nov. 1999; A.V. Gorochov leg.; PIII: N34 Nmb1; ZIN GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Deli ; 3°19′ N, 98°35′ E; 12 Oct. 1895; W. Burchard leg.; ZMH GoogleMaps   1 juvenile; Batu-Seri (Medan.); 3°35′10″ N, 98°40′19″ E; 10 Mar. 1900; B. Jachan leg.; ZMH GoogleMaps   1 juvenile; 20 km east of Sasak, environment of Harau Valley National Park ; 0°04′51.79″ S, 100°39′08.13″ E; 24–26 Nov. 1999; A.V. Gorochov leg.; ZIN GoogleMaps   1 ♀; 1877–1878; RMNH   .

Additional specimens

INDONESIA – Sumatra • 1 juvenile; Panti, Pasaman Regency , West Sumatra; 0°20′45.7″ N, 100°3′56.4″ E; 25 Jan. 2019; S.B. Shakya leg.; iNaturalist.org/observations/20129372 GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Sungai Penuh City , Jambi; 2°05′58.5″ S, 101°15′57.8″ E; 18 Jun. 2019; S. Wollney leg.; iNaturalist.org/observations/27481224 GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Lempur Tengah, Gunung Raya, Kerinci Regency , Jambi; 2°19′24.2″ S, 101°32′11.1″ E; 12 Nov. 2019; T. Sanders leg.; iNaturalist.org/observations/36674976 GoogleMaps   1 juvenile; Kerinci , Jambi; 2°15′12.6″ S, 101°34′17.0″ E; 12 Aug. 2019; pmaaskant leg.; iNaturalist.org/observations/37984028 GoogleMaps   1 juvenile; Aceh; 3°36′47.6″ N, 97°26′23.8″ E; 14 Apr. 2009; G. Bohne leg.; iNaturalist.org/observations/27198231 GoogleMaps   1 juvenile; Aceh; 3°36′55.2″ N, 97°34′33.3″ E; 14 Apr. 2009; G. Bohne leg.; iNaturalist.org/observations/27198588 GoogleMaps   1 juvenile; Aceh; 3°46′11.5″ N, 97°31′57.7″ E; 14 Apr. 2009; G. Bohne leg.; iNaturalist.org/observations/27198509 GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Aceh, Gunung Leuser National Park, Gurah ; 3°46′15″ N, 97°14′25.9″ E; 16 Feb. 2014; Michael Kesl leg.; https://www.biolib.cz/en/image/id334434 GoogleMaps   / • 1 ♀; Aceh, Gunung Leuser National Park, Gurah ; 3°46′15″ N, 97°14′25.9″ E; 16 Feb. 2014; Michael Kesl leg.; https://www.biolib.cz/en/image/id334435 GoogleMaps   / • 1 juvenile; Aceh, Gunung Leuser National Park, Gurah ; 3°46′15″ N, 97°14′25.9″ E; 16 Feb. 2014; M. Kesl leg.; https://www.biolib.cz/en/image/id334438 GoogleMaps   / • 2 juveniles; Aceh, Gunung Leuser National Park, Gurah ; 3°46′15″ N, 97°14′25.9″ E; 16 Feb. 2014; M. Kesl leg.; https://www.biolib.cz/en/image/id334439 GoogleMaps   / • 1 ♀; West Sumatra, Gunung Talakmau camp 1; 0°05′50.1″ N, 99°56′50.8″ E; 15 Mar. 2018; O. Johnson leg.; https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/11085385 GoogleMaps   .

Description

Habitus large and slender, colouration very contrasting with black, white and vivid yellow when alive ( Figs 7C View Fig , 20A–B View Fig ). Vertex black with cream-coloured margin around eyes ( Fig. 11D View Fig ). Fastigium velvety black with cream-coloured margins. Scapes dark red brown to black (particularly on the dorso-inner margins). Antennae black with wide white rings. Frons and mouthparts dark red brown to black, frons cream-coloured (whitish when alive) ventral to eyes ( Fig. 10D View Fig ). Maxillary palpi cream-coloured; apical segment black apically ( Fig. 10D View Fig ). Head lateral side dark coloured, with broad cream-coloured band around eyes extending to area behind eyes ( Fig. 12D View Fig ). Pronotum covered with white setae; dorsal disk velvety black ( Fig. 11D View Fig ). Lateral lobes of pronotum with dorsal-third black, cream-coloured ventrally, vivid yellow when alive ( Fig. 12D View Fig ). Legs dark brown. FIII brown, knees dark brown to black; TIIIs brown with black spines and spurs, dark brown to black near distal end; tarsomeres dark brown to black. Hindwings hyaline brown apically, longer than FWs, the dark brown tail exceeding FW more than twice as long as pronotum. Tergites red brown, with a pale band laterally; sternites pale, with a red brown median area. Cerci red brown.

Male

FOREWINGS. FW colouration ( Fig. 13C View Fig ): dorsal field cells mostly transparent, veins mostly dark brown to black, cream-coloured in apical field. Basal area brown, basally cream-coloured, brown towards distal part. R cream-coloured, Sc projections cream-coloured basally, black apically. Lateral field brown. FW venation ( Fig. 13C View Fig ): 1A curved, slightly angulated. Harp slightly longer than wide, with 3 oblique veins, basal one bifurcate distally, distal one bifurcate basally. c1 long and wide, c2 diamond-shaped; mirror (d1) longer than wide, not rounded, generally separated into two parts by a distinct transverse vein, the posterior part hexagonal, shorter than anterior part. Cell d2 narrower than d1, more or less rectangular. Apical field short and rounded, with 3 wide cell alignments posterior to mirror and a narrow apical alignment. Lateral field with 6 projections of Sc. Epiproct black. Subgenital plate pale cream-coloured with median area, anterior and posterior margins black.

GENITALIA ( Fig. 16C View Fig ). Pseudepiphallus sclerotized, large and slender, anterior margin narrow and straight, posterior margin also straight, lateral margins distinctly converging posteriorly. Posterior apex with paired lophi longer than wide (at base), subacute at apex, sclerotized laterally only and covered with short strong setae, narrowly spaced apart from each other. Rami swollen preapically, somewhat sinuous. Pseudepiphallic parameres narrow, divergent posteriorly sclerotized arm base to parameres distinctly curved laterally. Ectophallic arc transverse, complete, with anterior and posterior margins straight. Ectophallic fold strong rounded lateral sclerites appearing bean-shaped. Ectophallic apodemes long, straight and slightly divergent. Endophallic sclerite large and sclerotized, its posterior apex with divergent lateral arms and with a short median expansion curved dorsally. Endophallic apodeme with lateral lamellae and dorsal crest only slightly longer than wide.

Female

FOREWINGS. FW colouration ( Fig. 14D View Fig ): cells black, veins generally black. Longitudinal white stripe around region of CuA, M and R with a distinct margin against black colouration on dorsal field; Sc projections cream-coloured basally, black apically. Lateral field dark. FW venation: 6–7 strong longitudinal veins on dorsal field; lateral field with 6 projections of Sc.

GENITALIA. Ovipositor: distinctly longer than FIII. Copulatory papilla conical, large (similar to N. brunnerianus   but less slender—possibly due to preservation of specimen); apex folded ventrally, elongated like in N. brunnerianus   , pointed; dorsal face with a sclerotized area, but less sclerotized than in congeners; ventro-anterior end forming a somewhat triangular rim ( Fig. 17F–G View Fig ).

Juvenile ( Fig. 20C–E View Fig )

Early instars with a pale colouration with numerous dark stripes all around body. Head generally reddish. Eyes with numerous dark stripes. Pronotum with three thick, dark longitudinal stripes on dorsal disk, one very thick and velvety black stripe between dorsal disk and lateral lobe; another curved stripe on lateral lobe ventral of the thick stripe; stripes never reaching the margins. Fore and middle legs with longitudinal dark stripes. FIII also with longitudinal dark stripes, two dorsally, one on each side; and two ventrally, one on each side. Thoracic (excluding pronotum) and abdominal tergites typically dark or greyish, anterior margin darkest, posterior margin whitish. Cerci whitish with a black stripe.

Measurements

See Table 6 View Table 6 .

Ecology

Unknown.

Distribution

Northern Sumatra.

Type locality

Indonesia, northern Sumatra.

Calling song

Unknown.

Table 6. Measurements of Nisitrus hughtani Robillard & Tan sp. nov. (in mm, means in brackets).

  PronL PronW FWL FWW HWT FIIIL FIIIW TIIIL
Female holotype 2.5 4.0 14.8 4.9 8.4 16.5 2.7 16.2
Females (n = 5) 2.2–2.6 (2.4) 3.7–4.0 (3.8) 12.5–14.8 (13.6) 4.4–4.9 (4.7) 8.3–8.7 (8.4) 16.5–17.2 (16.8) 2.7–3.2 (2.9) 16.2–18.0 (17.1)
Male (n = 1) 2.2 3.4 10.6 ? 8.0 13.9 2.3 14.6
RMNH

Netherlands, Leiden, Nationaal Natuurhistorische Museum ("Naturalis") [formerly Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie]

ZIN

Russia, St. Petersburg, Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

ZMH

USA, Illinois, Chicago, Field Museum of Natural History (also used by Finnish Museum of Natural History)

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

ZIN

Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, Zoological Museum

ZMH

Zoologisches Museum Hamburg

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Orthoptera

Family

Gryllidae

Genus

Nisitrus