Nyctiophylax (Paranyctiophylax) nepenthes, Oláh & Johanson, 2010

Oláh, János & Johanson, Kjell Arne, 2010, Generic review of Polycentropodidae with description of 32 new species and 19 new species records from the Oriental, Australian and Afrotropical Biogeographical Regions 2435, Zootaxa 2435 (1), pp. 1-63: 51-52

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.2435.1.1


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scientific name

Nyctiophylax (Paranyctiophylax) nepenthes

new species

Nyctiophylax (Paranyctiophylax) nepenthes   , new species

Figures 94–96 View FIGURES 94–96

Diagnosis: This species is similar to N. (P.) icelus Neboiss   from Sulawesi, N. (P.) padangensis Malicky   from Sumatra, N. (P.) pongdiatensis Malicky & Chantaramongkol   from Thailand, N. (P.) simaritensis Malicky & Chantaramongkol   from Sumatra, and N. (P.) temburongensis Malicky   from Brunei in having slender, ventradcurving ventral paraproctal processes, no sclerotized dorsal paraproctal processes, and a ventroapical median lobe produced posterad from sternite IX. The new species is most similar to N. (P.) icelus   , from which it is separated by its long, clavate cerci; gonopods with their apices excised, not pointed; and 6 stout spines on the endotheca.

Description: Male. Body uniformly pale brown. Maxillary palp formula (I,II)-IV-III-V. Forewing brown, with hypertrophied longitudinal vein R and pronounced hyaline patch pattern of 3 hyaline windows: (1) along crossvein r -m, (2) along crossvein m -cu and point of basal forking of M, and (3) on arculus (at junction of A1+A2+A3 and wing margin). Forewing length 3.0 mm; A1, A2, and A3 looping.

Male genitalia. Abdominal segment IX forming robust sternite, nearly ovoid in lateral view ( Fig. 94 View FIGURES 94–96 ) with well-developed apicoventral mesal lobe; tergum IX membranous, with no narrow sclerotized stripe discernible. Segment X membranous, with pair of long, digitate, hyaline processes weakly discernible in holotype. Cerci setose, narrow, elongate, clavate in lateral view ( Fig. 94 View FIGURES 94–96 ); almost as long as ventral paraproctal processes. Paraproctal complexes highly sclerotized; each including narrow, paraproctal base and large ventral paraproctal processes curving ventrad and bearing 4–6 setae in row on outer surface at vertical apical half; no sclerotized dorsal paraproctal processes discernible; pair of hyaline digitate processes possibly associated with paraproctal complexes. Gonopods elongate, slender, slightly S-shaped in lateral view ( Fig. 94 View FIGURES 94–96 ), arching evenly mesad in ventral view ( Fig. 95 View FIGURES 94–96 ); apices excised in lateral and ventral view; ventrobasal “elbow” absent; base large, bulbous. Phallic apparatus ( Fig. 96 View FIGURES 94–96 ) located dorsally in genitalia, guided by paraprocts and segment X. Phallotheca thick, oriented horizontally; phallothecal sclerotization ending with distinct edge; apex of phallic apparatus membranous, the retracted membranes covered with granules; retracted membranes with row of 4 anterad-directed, stout spines in phallobase and 2 stout spines distally immediately below horizontally oriented, elongate phallotremal sclerites.

Holotype male: MALAYSIA: Sabah: Tawau, Maliau Basin, Nepenthes Camp , Camel Trophy Hut , 4 ° 43 ’ 59.3 ’’ N, 116 ° 52 ’ 39.7 ’’ E, 999 m, 7.xii.–8.xii.2007, 22W black light [B. Viklund & N. Jönsson]— 1 male ( NHMS). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes: Same data as holotype, except Heli Pad, 4 ° 43 ’ 59.3 ’’ N, 116 ° 52 ’ 42.4 ’’ E, 1003 m, 8.xii.2007, 22W black light [B. Viklund & N. Jönsson]— 1 male ( OPC); same data, except crossing stream, 4 ° 43 ’ 58.9 ’’ N, 116 ° 52 ’ 40.7 ’’ E, 994 m, 9.xii.–14.xii.2007, Mega Malaise Trap (6 m long) [B. Viklund & N. Jönsson]— 1 male ( NHMS) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).

Etymology: Nepentes, named after the “Nepenthes Camp”, the type locality of the species.