Leptomantispa catarinae Machado & Rafael

Machado, Renato José Pires & Rafael, José Albertino, 2007, A new species of Mantispidae (Insecta: Neuroptera) from Central Amazonia, Brazil, Zootaxa 1530, pp. 37-40: 37-40

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.177710

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scientific name

Leptomantispa catarinae Machado & Rafael

n. sp.

Leptomantispa catarinae Machado & Rafael   , n. sp.

DIAGNOSIS: Leptomantispa catarinae   , differs from other species by posterior margins of tergites III and IV without pores, the elongated sternite IX, male gonocoxites with small scales distally, absence of hypomeres and the pattern of the coloration.

DESCRIPTION, holotype male. Body length: 9,2 mm. Head: frons and labrum yellow, with a medial line dark brown to black (fig. 1 a). Vertex dark brown to black except along the ocular margins with inconspicuous paired pale yellow lines (fig. 1 c). Mandibles and palpi reddish brown. Scape light brown ventrally, yellow dorsally; pedicel and flagellomeres dark brown to black; the distal flagellomeres twice as wide as long (fig. 1 a). Thorax: pronotum almost straight in lateral view, 6.15 times as long as wide at maculae in dorsal view; proximal region reddish-brown, medially orange-yellow and distal region dark brown (fig. 1 c); dorsal and dorsolateral surface with numerous slender setae, not elevated at bases. Meso and metanotum dark brown to black (fig. 1 c). Scutellum yellow (fig. 1 c). Pleural region dark brown to black with yellow spots mainly near sutures (fig. 1 b). Legs: fore leg with pale yellow coxae, a central sulcus at distal two- thirds of anterior face and a yellow strangulation at basal quarter; trochanter light brown; femora 3,2 times as long as wide, dark brown to black posteriorly, shiny black anteriorly except for light brown basal and distal ends, and a yellow spot near the base of the spines in the posterior face, the yellow spot becoming wider distally (figs. 1 d –e); tibia dark brown to black, yellow at extreme base, light yellow dorsally and laterally; tarsi dark brown to black basal tarsomere same size as the remaining four tarsomeres combined, one tarsal claw and without arolium. Mid and hind legs with coxae dark brown to black (fig. 1 b); trochanter dark brown; femora pale yellow except extreme proximal end dark brown. Tibia and tarsi pale yellow, pretarsal claws with four teeth. Wings: forewing ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 f) with 8.2 mm of length; pterostigma dark brown, very elongated, expanded apically, and forming an angle of more than 50 ° with RA vein; membrane hyaline, except for the base and space between Sc and R veins light brown and 1 AP cell with asperous region dark brown. Most veins dark brown, except entire AP 1 and the base of CuA and AA, yellow; one radial vein originating from 1 RA, one from 2 RA and one from 3 RA cells; six transversal costal veins. Hind wing ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 g) without an asperous region in AP 1, base hyaline, most veins dark brown, AP 2 yellow; five transversal costal veins (fig. 1g). Abdomen dark brown with conspicuous yellow spots between tergites II and III, base of tergite V, pleura and posterior margins of all sternites. Tergites IV and V each with 8–10 small pores in two transverse bands and two large pores on each side anterolaterally; posterior margins of tergites III and IV without pores (fig. 2 a). Terminalia dark brown; ectoprocts broadly rounded, with 16 short thickened setae (fig. 2 b). Sternite IX distinctly more elongated than ectoprocts (fig. 2 b), with apex rounded in ventral view (fig. 2 c). Gonarcus smaller than pseudopenis with a thin median lobe (fig. 2 d), slightly curved anteriorly in lateral view (fig. 2 f). Apex of gonocoxites with many small scales (figs. 2 e, f). Mediuncus with basal third wider in lateral view (fig. 2 f). Pseudopenial membrane with small scales (fig. 2 e, f). Hypomeres absent.

Female terminalia, paratype. Sternite VIII with posterior margin flattened medially in ventral view (fig. 2g); ectoprocts as long as gonocoxites (fig. 2 i), spermatheca coiled, its distal section wider than proximal and fertilization canal duct short with apex covered with small setae (fig. 2 h).

VARIATIONS. Body length varying from 9.0– 10.5 mm in males; 8.8–10.4 mm in females. Forewing length varying from 7.7–8.8 mm in males; 6.0–9.0 mm in females. Some specimens with vertex light brown in posterior region ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ); rounded yellow spot between antennae; pronotum entirely dark brown, 5.9 -8.0 times as long as wide at maculae in dorsal view in males, 5.8-7.9 times in females; scutellum entirely black or with yellow spots; fore coxae entirely dark brown; base of fore femur spines yellow at posterior face, 3.2–3.6 times as long as wide; fore tibia and tarsus entirely reddishbrown; forewing with one radial vein originating from 1 RA cell, and two from 3 RA cell; female with 6-7 transversal costal veins on forewings; some specimens with the base of forewing hyaline. Male ectoprocts with 15-30 short thickened setae.

GEOGRAPHICAL RECORDS: Brazil (Amazonas), Manaus.

ADULT FLIGHT PERIOD: All individuals were captured from January to May and in November, months that coincide to rainy season in Central Amazon.

MATERIAL: Holotype male, INPA: BRASIL AM[amazonas], Manaus, ZF 2, Km- 14, torre, 023521S – 600655 W, 18- 21.ii. 2004, luz mista, BL, BLB, lençol [printed rectangular white label] / 40 mt alt., J.A.Rafael, C.S.Motta, F.F.Xavier F°, A.Silva F°, S.Trovisco [printed rectangular white label] / Holótipo ɗ, Leptomantispa catarinae   det: R.J.P.Machado 2005 [hand written rectangular red label]. Paratypes: same data as holotype, except by the date and different collectors: 16- 19.iv. 2004, J.A.Rafael, C.S.Motta, A.Silva F°, J.M.F.Ribeiro (1 ɗ 1 Ψ, INPA); 20.xi. 2003, J.A.Rafael, F.F.Xavier Filho & A.S.Filho (2 ɗ 1 Ψ, INPA); 18-21.v. 2004, J.A.Rafael, F.B.Baccaro, F.F.Xavier F° & A.Silva F° (1 Ψ, INPA); 21-24.i. 2004, Motta, CS, Trovisco, SF, Xavier,FFF, Filho, AS (1 ɗ 1 Ψ, MPEG); 19-22.iii. 2004, J.A.Rafael, C.S.Motta, F.F.Xavier F°, A.Silva F°, J.T.Câmara, (1 Ψ, INPA); Estrada ZF- 2, I/ XI/2005, 20: 50 [h], Arm. Luz móvel, J.A.Rafael, F.F.Xavier F°, R.J.P.Machado, A.A.Agudelo, Y.K.Dantas (1 Ψ, INPA)

Holotype condition: good, terminalia in microvial, left wings glued to thorax.

ETYMOLOGY: This species is in honour of the entomologist Catarina da Silva Motta, who participated in most of the tower collection and helped to collect many specimens described here.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:To CNPq for the fellowship to senior author; to Francisco Felipe Xavier Filho, Alexandre da Silva Filho, Simone Trovisco, Joseleide Teixeira Câmara, Fabricio Beggiato Baccaro for helping in the tower collection, Silvia Fernanda Mardegan for the help in the first English version and Dr. Toby Barret, the English reviser.


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi