Dasymutilla nocturna Mickel,

Pitts, James P., Wilson, Joseph S., Williams, Kevin A. & Boehme, Nicole F., 2009, Velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) of the Algodones sand dunes of California, USA, Zootaxa 2131, pp. 1-53: 19

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.188392

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03933237-FFDC-980F-039E-FE9554B9F83D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dasymutilla nocturna Mickel
status

 

Dasymutilla nocturna Mickel 

Dasymutilla nocturna Mickel, 1928  . U.S. Nat. Mus., Bull. 143: 279. Female. Holotype data: California, Imperial County  , Colorado Sand Desert, near Andrade, 10 Aug 1917, J. Bequaert ( UMSP).

Dasymutilla subhyalina Mickel, 1928  . U.S. Nat. Mus., Bull. 143: 281. Male. Holotype data: California, Imperial County  , Colorado Sand Desert, near Andrade, 10 Aug 1917, J. Bequaert ( UMSP).

Dasymutilla paranocturna Barr and Hurd, 1947  . Pan-Pac. Ent. 23: 88. Female. Holotype data: California, Riverside County, Blythe, 6 Jul 1946, W.F. Barr ( CASC).

Diagnosis of male. The male of this species ( Fig. 55View FIGURES 47 – 55) possesses the following combination of characters: the setae of the dorsum are bright white, the eyes and ocelli are large with the diameter of ocellus being longer than distance between lateral and anteromedian ocelli, the axillae are truncate posterolaterally, the wings are subhyaline, white setae are present on T 2 but are restricted to the apical fringe, S 2 lacks a median pit filled with setae, and an apical fringe of setae is present on the pygidium.

Diagnosis of female. The female of this species ( Fig. 54View FIGURES 47 – 55) possesses the following combination of characters: the eyes are enlarged, the dorsum of the head, mesosoma and T 2 are clothed with white setae while the setae of T 3–6 are black, and the dorsum of the mesosoma is as broad as it is long.

Material examined. California, Imperial Co.  : Algodones Sand Dunes: Cahuilla Ranger Station, 10 km WSW Glamis, 1 male, 11–15.Sep. 2008, Museum Survey Team ( UCDC), 5 males, 22.Sep.– 25.Nov. 2008, E. Dreyfus ( UCDC), 2 males, 20.Sep. 2008, Museum Survey Team ( UCDC); Coachella Canal Rd., 11.3 km NW Hwy 78, 18.1 km NW Glamis: 1 female and 3 males, 30.May.– 3.June. 2008, Museum Survey Team ( UCDC); 1 female, 1 male, 28.April.– 2.May. 2008, Museum Survey Team ( UCDC); Coachella Canal Rd., 6.4 km NW Hwy 78, 14.4 km NW Glamis: 1 female, 24–28.March. 2008, Museum Survey Team ( UCDC); 7 males, 22.Sep.– 25.Nov. 2008, T. Zavortink and R. Kimsey ( UCDC); 1 male, 22.Sep.– 25.Nov. 2008, E. Dreyfus ( UCDC); Gecko Rd., 2.1 km S Cahuilla Ranger Station, 2 males, 8– 10.July. 2008, T. Zavortink ( UCDC); Gecko Rd., 3.2 km S Cahuilla Ranger Station, 3 males, 7.June. 2008, R. Kimsey and T. Zavortink ( UCDC); Roadrunner Campground, 10.7 km SW Glamis, 7 females and 2 males, 31.May.– 1.June. 2008, Museum Survey Team ( UCDC); Wash Rd, 4.1 km SE Hwy 78, wash SE railroad post 165, 1 male, 22.Sep.– 25.Nov. 2008, E. Dreyfus ( UCDC); Wash Road, 10.4 km SE Glamis, 1 female and 3 males, 8.July. 2008, Museum Survey Team ( UCDC); Glamis Dunes, 4 males, 16 July 1977, R. Dull ( LACM); Glamis, 1 mi. N, 1 female, 28.Apr.1972, 1 female, 30.Mar. 1977, J. Doyen and D. Veirs ( KAWC); Glamis, 2.2 mi SE, 1 female 6 males, 25–26.Sep. 1993, R.R. Snelling ( LACM); Glamis, 3 mi. N, 4 males, 15–16.Sep. 1972, M.S. Wasbauer and A. Hardy ( KAWC); Glamis, 5 mi SW, 1 female, 5 males, 23.Jul. 2005, K.A. Williams ( EMUS); Glamis, 5.6 rd mi NW, 270 ’, 1 male, 13 Sept 1986, J.P. and K.E. Donahue ( LACM); Glamis, 7.5 km N, 1 male, 11–15.Sep. 2008, L. Kimsey, R. Kimsey, and T. Zavortink ( UCDC); Glamis, 8 km S, 4 males, 11–15.Sep. 2008, L. Kimsey, R. Kimsey, and T. Zavortink ( UCDC).

Distribution. Western Sonoran Desert in southern California.

Remarks. This species is active both during daylight hours and at night, and is endemic to the Algodones Sand Dunes and can also be found in Palo Verde, CA, which is just south of Blythe. Dasymutilla arenivaga  is morphologically similar to D. nocturna  , differing only in coloration of dorsal setae in both sexes, shape of mesosoma in females, and color of wings in males. This is suggestive and these two species may be synonymized in the future. Dasymutilla arenivaga  lives throughout southern California and western Arizona, surrounding the limited range of D. nocturna  .

UMSP

University of Minnesota Insect Collection

UCDC

R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mutillidae

Genus

Dasymutilla

Loc

Dasymutilla nocturna Mickel

Pitts, James P., Wilson, Joseph S., Williams, Kevin A. & Boehme, Nicole F. 2009
2009
Loc

Dasymutilla paranocturna

Barr and Hurd 1947
1947
Loc

Dasymutilla nocturna

Mickel 1928
1928
Loc

Dasymutilla subhyalina

Mickel 1928
1928