Neopleurophora marquesi, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93 : 36-37

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Neopleurophora marquesi

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora marquesi , sp. nov.

( Figs. 80–83 View FIGURES 80–83 , 177 View FIGURES 160–195 , 214 View FIGURES 196–233 , 244–245 View FIGURES 240–245 , 288–289 View FIGURES 288–291 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, apically tapered; phallus with core plate short and ventral plate divided into three main lobes.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, ECUADOR: Napo: Yasuni NP Puce Yasuni Research Stn, 0.63ºS, 76.6ºW, 3–20.xi.1998, Malaise trap, T. Pape & B. Viklund col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps . Paratypes: COSTA RICA: 1♂, Guanacaste: Est. Pitilla, 11ºN, 85.43ºW, iv.1989, Malaise trap, 600 m, P. Hanson col. ( LACM) ; COLOMBIA: 1♂, Chocó: PNN

Utria Centro Visit. 6.02ºN, 77.35ºW, 7–28.ix.2000, Malaise trap, J. Pérez col. ( LACM); 1♂, Amazonas: Amacayacu NP, 3.82ºS, 70.26ºW, 8–12.iii.2000, sweeping, M. Sharkey col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps ; ECUADOR: 1♂, Sucumbios: Sacha Lodge , 0.5ºS, 76.5ºW, 4–14.v.1994, Malaise trap, 270 m, P. Hibbs col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, Pichincha: 470 km S Santo Domingo: Rio Palenque Science Center , 29.iv–5.v.1987, Malaise trap, 180 m, B. Brown & L. Coote col. ( LACM) ; BRAZIL: 1♂, Pará: Belém , vii.1965, H.S. Lopes col. ( MZUSP) ; 1♂, Amazonas: Manaus: Res. Ducke , 3.13ºS, 60.02ºW, 6–17.vii.1992, Malaise trap, 10 m, J. Vidal col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps .

Description. Male. Body length, 2.5 mm. Head. Frons black with anterior margin yellow, pubescent, without median furrow. Flagellomere 1 light brown, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus light brown; 1–2 upper genal and one genal small seta. Thorax. Scutum and pleural sclerites yellowish-brown; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum dark brown, with medial and posterior areas yellow. Legs yellowish-brown. Forefemur with ventral row of four strong setae near apex. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at basal fourth and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Midtibia with one anterodorsal and one posterodorsal setae at basal fourth ( Fig. 177 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/length ratio, 0.43), with ventral row of 2–4 strong setae and many thinner setae near base ( Figs. 244–245 View FIGURES 240–245 ). Hind tibia with four posterodorsal and one anterodorsal setae ( Fig. 214 View FIGURES 196–233 ).

Wing. Costa 0.47 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter yellow. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with yellow anterior and posterior bands. Hypopygium light brown ( Figs. 80–83 View FIGURES 80–83 ). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, tapering apically, pointed and ventrally curved at apex. Epandrial right posterior margin with a median, rounded, posterior projection, with subepandrial setulose process. Hypandrium left lobe large. Hypoproct with two setae. Phallus ( Figs. 288–289 View FIGURES 288–291 ). Basiphallus without dorsal process. Core plate flattened, bilobed. Epiphallus with large, slightly sclerotized scales, connected to the right arm at the left lateral of the phallus. Ventral plate well developed, approximately twice the length of core plate, trifurcated at apex in a large left lobe, a dented, dorsal lobe and a medium size, right lobe.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. This species has a pretty widespread distribution in northern South America and Costa Rica. It occurs west and east of the Andes in Colombia, in higher areas of the Andes in Ecuador and in Amazonian area, as well as in northern and eastern Brazilian Amazonia.

Etymology. The specific epithet is given in honour of Adalberto Aparecido Marques, the driver of the University of São Paulo, who helped in many of our collecting trips. Mr. Adalberto passed away last year but left good memories of his kind and helpful companionship.

Comments. Neopleurophora marquesi is probably closely related to N. dorsimaculata and N. brachypyga , based on the large, mostly flattened phallic ventral plate shared between these species. Neopleurophora marquesi seems to be even closer to N. brachypyga , sharing with this species an epandrial medial process tapered apically, and a medial projection on the phallic ventral plate.


Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo