Neopleurophora lamasi, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93 : 48

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Neopleurophora lamasi

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora lamasi , sp. nov.

( Figs. 3 View FIGURES 1–7 , 112–115 View FIGURES 112–115 , 184 View FIGURES 160–195 , 222 View FIGURES 196–233 , 304–305 View FIGURES 304–307 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrial right posterior margin with three rounded projections, the middle projection bearing a row of setae; phallic secondary scaled process with large, sclerotized scales.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, COSTA RICA: San José: Zurquí de Moravia , 10.05ºN, 84.02ºW, i.1996, Malaise trap, 1,600 m, P. Hanson col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps . Paratypes: COSTA RICA: 2♂, same data as holotype GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same data, but iv–v.1993 GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same data, but x.1995 GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same data, but vi.1995 GoogleMaps ; 2♂, Puntarenas: Monteverde , 10.1ºN, 83.43ºW, 1–10.iii.1992 GoogleMaps , Malaise trap, 1,500 m, D.M. Wood col. ( LACM) .

Description. Male. Body length, 2.6–3.4 mm. Head. Frons dark brown, pubescent, apparently with vestigial median furrow near ventral apex. Flagellomere 1 light brown, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus yellowish-brown; 1–2 upper genal and 1–2 lower genal setae. Thorax. Scutum dark brown, yellow lateroanteriorly, pleural sclerites brown, proepisternum yellow; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum dark brown, with medial and posterior areas brown. Legs yellowish-brown, hind femur brown near apex. Forefemur with ventral row of four strong setae near apex. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at its basal fourth and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 4.8. Midtibia with one anterodorsal and one posterodorsal setae at basal fourth ( Fig. 184 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur not swollen (height/length ratio, 0.39), without strong ventral setae. Hind tibia with one anterodorsal and four posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 222 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.52 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter white. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with lighter posterior band. Hypopygium yellowish-brown ( Figs. 112–115 View FIGURES 112–115 ); epandrial medial process light yellow, bifurcated into a pair of pointed branches, left branch directed ventrally, right branch larger, directed anteriorly. Epandrial right posterior margin with three rounded projections, medial projection bearing a row of setae; subepandrial setulose process present. Hypandrium left lobe large; right lobe mid-sized, apically rounded. Hypoproct with seven setae. Phallus ( Figs. 304–305 View FIGURES 304–307 ). Basiphallus with large dorsal process. Core plate flattened, pointed. Epiphallus with transparent scales, connected to the right arm at the left of the phallus. Ventral plate well developed, apically bifurcated into the secondary scaled process covered with large sclerotized scales and a medial lobe with an adjacent scaled process.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Known from central and west Costa Rica.

Etymology. This species is named after Dr. Carlos Einicker Lamas, Diptera curator of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo and a bombyliid systematist, who has always been helpful with loans of material for our project and a great colleague.


Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County