Neopleurophora kleini, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93: 12-14

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Neopleurophora kleini

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora kleini   , sp. nov.

( Figs. 20–23 View FIGURES 20–23 , 163 View FIGURES 160–195 , 199 View FIGURES 196–233 , 258–259 View FIGURES 256–259 )

Diagnosis (males). Hypandrium right lobe elongated posteriorly; epandrial medial process clearly bifurcated into two pointed processes; phallus with articulated, dorsally serrated right process.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, COLOMBIA: Putumayo, PNN La Paya, Cabaña Chagra , 0.12ºS, 74.93ºW, 30.iii–15.iv.2002, Malaise trap, 320 m, R. Cobete col. ( IAVH) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: COLOMBIA: 1♂, Vaupés: Est. Bio. Mosiro-Itajura (Caparú) Terrazas , 1.07ºN, 69.52ºW, 6–27.xi.2002, Malaise trap, 60 m, L. Benavides col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Putumayo, PNN La Paya, Cab. Viviano , 0.12ºS, 74.93ºW, 30.xi–15.xii.2001, Malaise trap, 320 m, E. Lozano col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Caqueta: PNN Chiribiquete, Cuñare-Amú , 0.23ºN, 72.42ºW, 28.ii–3.iii.2001, Malaise trap, 300 m, M. Ospina & E. Gonzalez col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Amazonas: Amacayacu San Martin , 3.82ºS, 70.26ºW, 17– 30.vii.2000, Malaise trap, 150 m, B. Amado col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; ECUADOR: 1♂, Sucumbios: Sacha Lodge , 0.5ºS, 76.5ºW, 1–31.xii.1994, Malaise trap, 270m, P. Hibbs col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps   ; BRAZIL: 1♂, Amazonas: Manaus, Reserva Ducke , Igarapé Tingá , 17–27.i.2005, Malaise trap, A. Henriques col. ( MZUSP)   ; 1♂, Amazonas: Manaus , PDBFF, reserva 1208, 26.xi.1985, Malaise trap, B. Klein col. ( MZUSP)   ; 1♂, Amazonas: Manaus , PDBFF, reserva 1210, 10.x.1985, Malaise trap, B. Klein col. ( MZUSP)   .

Description. Male. Body length, 2.4 mm. Head. Frons black, pubescent, without median furrow. Flagellomere 1 light brown, oval, pubescent. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus light brown, one upper genal small seta.

Thorax. Scutum and pleural sclerites dark brown; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum dark brown, with medial and posterior areas brown. Legs light brown, except foreleg, yellowish-brown. Forefemur with ventral row of strong setae along its entire extension. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at basal fourth and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 5.5. Midtibia with one anterodorsal and 2–3 posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 163 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/length ratio, 0.40). Hind tibia with one anterodorsal and 4–6 posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 199 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.46 of the wing length, other characteristics as described for the genus. Halter white, with a rounded, apical black maculation. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with lighter posterior band and dense microtrichia producing a silvery sheen. Hypopygium yellowish-brown ( Figs. 20–23 View FIGURES 20–23 ). Epandrial medial process apically bifurcated into two pointed processes. Epandrial right posterior margin with a short, pointed projection, without subepandrial setulose process. Hypandrium with left lobe posteriorly elongated; right lobe not evident. Hypoproct with 13 setae. Phallus ( Figs. 258–259 View FIGURES 256–259 ). Basiphallus without dorsal process (membranous part of the core plate could not be observed). Epiphallus ending free, with thin, transparent scales. Ventral plate restricted to the right side, short and dorsally serrated.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Colombia, Ecuador, and northern Brazil (State of Amazonas).

Etymology. The species name is given after Bert Klein, collector of a large number of phorids, especially in Manaus, State of Amazonas, Brazil.

Comments. Neopleurophora kleini   shows great similarity with N. reginensis   , with which it shares an elongated left hypandrial lobe and the phallic ventral plate dorsally serrated. Neopleurophora kleini   can be differentiated from N. reginensis   by its clearly bifurcated epandrial medial process, many teeth on ventral plate dorsal margin and right hypandrial lobe absent.


Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt


Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo