Neopleurophora brachypyga, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93: 28

publication ID

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Neopleurophora brachypyga

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora brachypyga   , sp. nov.

( Figs. 60–63 View FIGURES 60–63 , 172 View FIGURES 160–195 , 209 View FIGURES 196–233 , 234–235 View FIGURES 234–239 , 278–279 View FIGURES 276–279 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, short, tapering apically; phallic core plate tapering apically.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, COSTA RICA: Cartago: Turrialba , 9.93ºN, 83.67ºW, 15–19.vii.1966, Malaise trap, P. Spangler col. ( USNM) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: 4♂, same data as holotype, but deposited at LACM GoogleMaps   .

Description. Male. Body length, 2.8 mm. Head. Frons dark brown, except for yellow anterior margin, pubescent, without median furrow. Flagellomere 1 reddish-brown, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus light brown; two upper genal and one lower genal setae. Thorax. Scutum dark brown, with anterolateral areas yellowish-brown, pleural sclerites brown, with proepimeron yellowish-brown; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum dark brown, with medial and posterior areas reddish-brown. Legs light brown, hind femur dorsally brown. Forefemur with ventral row of four strong setae near apex. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at basal third and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 5.5. Midtibia with one anterodorsal and one posterodorsal setae at basal fourth ( Fig. 172 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/length ratio, 0.41), with four ventral, strong setae ( Figs. 234–235 View FIGURES 234–239 ). Hind tibia with two anterodorsal and five posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 209 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.49 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter yellowish-brown.

Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with yellow posterior band. Hypopygium light brown ( Figs. 60–63 View FIGURES 60–63 ). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, short, apically tapered. Epandrial right posterior margin with no posterior projections, with subepandrial setulose process. Hypandrium lobes large, left lobe larger. Hypoproct with two setae. Phallus ( Figs. 278–279 View FIGURES 276–279 ). Basiphallus without dorsal process. Core plate flattened, tapering apically. Epiphallus with thin, transparent scales, connected to the right arm laterally at the left of the phallus. Ventral plate well developed, flattened, with one dorsal fold.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Known only from the type-locality in Costa Rica.

Etymology. The specific epithet brachypyga   refers to the short epandrial medial process and is derived from the Greek roots brachys (short) and pyge (rump, buttocks).


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History