Synalpheus irie, Iii, Kenneth S Macdonald, Hultgren, Kristin & Duffy, Emmett, 2009

Iii, Kenneth S Macdonald, Hultgren, Kristin & Duffy, Emmett, 2009, The sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps (Crustacea, Decapoda, Alpheidae, Synalpheus) of Discovery Bay, Jamaica, with descriptions of four new species, Zootaxa 2199, pp. 1-57: 25-32

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.189568

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scientific name

Synalpheus irie

n. sp.

Synalpheus irie   n. sp.

Figures 11–16 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 View FIGURE 13 View FIGURE 14 View FIGURE 15 View FIGURE 16 , Color plate 3 C,D

Material examined. Holotype: non-ovigerous individual, CL: 4.88 mm, ( USNM 1126365, original VIMS 08JAM 3602), fore-reef (near M 1 channel marker), (18 ° 28.083 ΄ N, 77 ° 23.289 ΄ W), from canals of Auletta cf. sycinularia Schmidt. Allotype   : ovigerous female, CL: 5.33 mm, ( USNM 1126366, original VIMS 08JAM 3601), fore-reef (near M 1 channel marker), from canals same of same individual Auletta cf. sycinularia   as holotype. Paratypes: non-ovigerous individual, CL: 4.88 mm, ovigerous female, CL: 5.10 mm, ( USNM 1126367, 1126368, original VIMS 08JAM 2801 -02), Dairy Bull Reef, Discovery Bay, (18 ° 28 ' 20.6 N, 77 ° 24 ' 36.4 W), from canals of Auletta cf. sycinularia   . MaxCL ovigerous female: 5.33 mm. MaxCL nonovigerous individual: 4.88 mm.

Description. Body form subcylindrical; carapace smooth, sparsely setose, posterior margin with cardiac notch distinct. Rostrum shorter and narrower than ocular hoods ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 ). Ocular hoods dorsally convex; in dorsal view, blunt, separated from rostrum by adrostral sinus. Stylocerite acute, with sharp tip; mesial and lateral margins concave; reaching almost to distal margin of first segment of antennular peduncle. First antennular segment without ventromesial tooth, and with two basal ventral processes. Basicerite with acute angle on dorsomesial corner, with longer ventrolateral spine; reaching midpoint of second segment of antennular peduncle, ~ 60 % length of scaphocerite. Scaphocerite blade narrow, slightly shorter than basicerite, acute lateral spine robust, with lateral margin concave; reaching beyond third segment of antennular peduncle. Third maxilliped ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 ) with distal circlet of approximately six spines on distal segment, without ventrodistal spine on antepenultimate segment.

Major first pereopod ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 , 12 View FIGURE 12 ) massive, fingers clearly shorter than half length of palm; fixed finger ~ 75 % length of dactyl. Fingers strongly curved dorsally. Palm of chela almost twice as wide distally as at base. Superior margin of palm with distinct distal two-pronged protuberance consisting of an elongated sharp spine closer to fingers and a rounded prominence on outside (i.e. lateral to spine in life position of chela). Minor first pereopod ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 ) with palm clearly less than two times longer than high; fingers clearly shorter than palm; dactyl with flexor margin concave, blade-like, with large, distinct second tooth basal and subequal in length to tip; extensor surface of dactyl with thick brush of curved setae; fixed finger with flexor margin straight, blade-like, with small but distinct tooth proximal to tip.

Second pereopod ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 ) with carpus 5 -segmented, subequal in length to merus. Both fingers terminating in a narrow, curved tooth.

Third pereopod ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 ) slender; dactyl biunguiculate, with flexor and extensor unguis subequal in thickness, mesial margin of flexor unguis strongly convex; propodus with row of six movable spines on flexor margin and one pair of distal movable spines flanking base of dactyl; carpus without distal movable spine on flexor margin; merus almost four times longer than wide, without movable spines on flexor margin. Fourth pereopod ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 ) similar to third, carpus with distal movable spine on flexor margin. Fifth pereopod ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 ) weaker than fourth; propodus with three spines on flexor margin, and six transverse combs of stout setae on ventral face; carpus without distal spine.

First pleura ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 ) of male with posterior corner distinctly produced ventrally into short, broad, anteriorly directed hook; second through fourth pleura of male slightly concave ventral margin, anterior corners rounded, posterior corners subacute.

First pleopod ( Fig. 15 View FIGURE 15 ) of male with 2 terminal setae on endopod; second pleopod of male with marginal setae on exopod originating in distal third; appendix interna present on second to fifth male pleopods. Second pleopod ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 ) of female with marginal setae on exopod originating in distal third; appendix interna present on second to fifth female pleopods.

Telson ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 , 16 View FIGURE 16 ) with convex marginal lobe present; posterior corners adjacent to spines obtuse. Space between distal spines 50 % of distal margin, lateral spines ~ 60 % length of mesial. Distal margin with fan of 8 plumose setae between spines. Distal margin ~ 40 % width of proximal margin. Dorsal spines strong, emanating from prominent longitudinal ridges ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 ). Uropods (fig 13, 16) with a single fixed tooth on lateral margin of exopod distinctly removed anteriorly from the movable one, the latter extremely long, slender, and curved.

Color. Nondescript, translucent with orange tinge to thickened parts of cuticle; distal 1 / 4 of palm and fingers of major chela bright orange with split white crescent spanning palm near fingers; ovaries and embryos green.

Etymology. We have named this species in honor of the nation in which it was found. The word “ irie   ” is a Rastafari term referring to that which is good and peaceful.

Variation. Length of lateral distal spine of telson ranges from 25 % length of mesial spine to 75 % of mesial spine.

Hosts and ecology. Both pairs of Synalpheus irie   , n. sp. were collected from the canals of Auletta cf. sycinularia   .

Distribution. Jamaica (this study).

Remarks. Synalpheus irie   , n. sp. is easily distinguishable from all other west Atlantic Synalpheus   species by its distinctive major chela. The short fingers that curve dorsally almost into a bowl-shape, and the twopronged distal superior marginal protuberance are both unique within the genus in this region. The distinctive curved movable spine on the outer uropod is similar to that found in other Synalpheus   species, but appears to be unique among members of the S. gambarelloides   group. However, the presence of a thick brush of setae on the minor chela dactyl, as well as the triangular shape of the telson, firmly places S. irie   within the S. gambarelloides   group. With its curved major chela fingers, fan of setae on the distal margin of the telson, and antennal characters, this new species most closely resembles Synalpheus mcclendoni   , but it is easily distinguished by the characters listed previously.


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Virginia Institute of Marine Science