Arichlidon watsonae, Cruz-Gómez & Bastida-Zavala, 2018

Cruz-Gómez, Christopher & Bastida-Zavala, J. Rolando, 2018, Chrysopetalids (Phyllodocida: Chrysopetalidae) from the southern Mexican Pacific, including a new species, Zootaxa 4521 (1), pp. 61-88 : 62-65

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4521.1.3

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Arichlidon watsonae

sp. nov.

Arichlidon watsonae View in CoL n. sp.

( Figures 2 View FIGURE 2 A–L, 8, 14A–D, 15A)

Type locality: Coral Beach , Ixtapa Island, Guerrero, Mexico .

Type material. Holotype: GoogleMaps UMAR-Poly 850, Coral Beach   GoogleMaps , 17°40’36’’N, 101°39’22’’W, Ixtapa Island   GoogleMaps , Guerrero, Mexico, southern Mexican Pacific; on dead coral, 1.5 m, September 19, 2007, coll. M.S. García- Madrigal; Paratypes: UMAR-Poly 851, three spec. from Coral Beach, same as holotype.

Other material examined. Nayarit: GoogleMaps ECOSUR-P2938, two spec. (La Manzanilla, 20°44’39’’N, 105°23’11’’W, on rock with sponge and algae, 2 m, November 29, 2004, coll. B. Yáñez & P. Salazar). Guerrero: UMAR-Poly 852, one spec. (Manzanillo Beach, 16°50’31’’N, 99°54’37’’W, on sponge, 1 m, September 21, 2007, coll. M.S. García-Madrigal) GoogleMaps . Oaxaca: UMAR-Poly 853, eight spec. (Carrizalillo Beach, 15°85’95’’N, 97°07’87’’W, on bivalve, August 12, 2006, coll. I. Gutiérrez & N. Pedroza) ; UMAR-Poly 854, two spec. (La Tijera, 15°68’69’’N, 96°44’34’’W, on dead coral, 4 m, September 12, 2007, coll. J.R. Bastida-Zavala et al.).

Description. Based on holotype. Complete, 7.3 mm long, 1.2 mm wide, 82 segments. Body rectangular, broad, with posterior segments slightly tapered. Body pale yellow with reddish brown spots on bases of dorsal and ventral cirri caused by eggs and oil drops. Paleae fans yellow to golden, imbricated over dorsum. Prostomium partly retracted among the first three anterior segments ( Fig. 14B View FIGURE 14 ). Two lateral antennae visible on anterior margin of prostomium; subulate median antenna, and slightly smaller than lateral antennae. Two pairs of violet-red eyes, partially covered by nuchal fold. Two palps almost circular, only visible in ventral view. Small and semicircular mouth fold posterior to palps; eversible proboscis with two slim and transparent stylets.

Parapodium from tenth segment. Notochaetae separated in three main groups and two subgroups ( Fig. 2A View FIGURE 2 ). Lateral group inserted just below notoaciculum, comprising 5–6 slender asymmetrical paleae with 3–6 ribs ( Fig. 2F View FIGURE 2 ). As subunit 1, one symmetrical and strongly serrated palea with 8–12 ribs ( Fig. 2G View FIGURE 2 ). Main group, comprising 7–11 wide, symmetrical paleae with 16–19 ribs and 4–5 finely serrated raised ribs ( Fig. 2H View FIGURE 2 ). As subunit 2, one symmetrical and slender palea with 14–16 ribs and 3–5 raised ribs ( Fig. 2I View FIGURE 2 ). Median group, comprising three curved and asymmetrical paleae ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 J–K); distal palea with 10–11 ribs and two raised ribs, next proximal palea smaller with 8–9 ribs and one raised rib, and the most proximal and smallest palea (1/2 length of main paleae) with eight ribs and one raised rib. The smallest one not present in every segment. Surface of every paleae group covered by ornamental granules, denser in median paleae. Neuropodium large and conical. Heterogomph neurochaetae composed of four groups ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 B–E). Neurochaetiger with 1–2 superior spinigers with a long, slim and curved blade. First five anterior segments with only spinigers. Subsequent groups with falcigers; mid-superior group with 2–4 falcigers with medium length blades (2/3 of spiniger blade length) and basal serration; mid-inferior group with 7–9 falcigers with medium to short blades (1/2 of spiniger blade length), light serration basally; inferior group with 3–5 falcigers with short and smooth blades (2/7 of spiniger blade length), fine serration basally. All blades of falcigers ending in a terminal claw. Pygidium with a terminal ventral cone and two anal cirri from ventral view.

Habitat. Intertidal to subtidal (1–4 m). These specimens were collected mainly from dead coral, rocks, algae, and as epibionts of bivalves and sponges.

Distribution. Mexican Pacific, from La Manzanilla, Nayarit to La Tijera, Oaxaca ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 ).

Etymology. This species is named after Charlotte Watson (Museum & Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Australia) in recognition of her important contribution to the knowledge of chrysopetalids.

Remarks. The species Arichlidon watsonae n. sp. resembles to A. gathofi Watson-Russell, 2000a , described from North Carolina, essentially in the shape of the distal end of the main paleae. Paleal shape in former species is similar to the fourth form presented by A. gathofi (see Watson-Russell 2000a: 473, Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ). However, both species have other morphological differences: Arichlidon watsonae n. sp. has faintly asymmetrical, thinner and longer lateral paleae compared to its main paleae ( Fig. 2F View FIGURE 2 ) while A. gathofi presents lateral paleae symmetrical, wider and 2/3 of the main paleae length ( Watson-Russell 2000a: 470, Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ). Furthermore, A. watsonae n. sp. has four median paleae as maximum, while A. gathofi has 4–6; A. watsonae n. sp. has superior spinigers with a large manubrium and a curved blade, while A. gathofi has a short manubrium and its blade is straight ( Watson-Russell 2000a: 471, Fig. 3C View FIGURE 3 ). In A. watsonae n. sp. all falcigers present a terminal claw, while in A. gathofi the falcigers have straight final tips.

Additionally, A. watsonae n. sp. differs from other Arichlidon species in the size of the palps; A. watsonae n. sp. has two small, ovoid palps ( Fig. 14C View FIGURE 14 ), while the rest of the known species of this genus have large cylindrical palps.

GBIF Dataset (for parent article) Darwin Core Archive (for parent article) View in SIBiLS Plain XML RDF