Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Jones, Christian M., Driggers Iii, William B., Hannan, Kristin M., Hoffmayer, Eric R., Jones, Lisa M. & Raredon, Sandra J., 2020, An annotated checklist of the chondrichthyan fishes inhabiting the northern Gulf of Mexico Part 1: Batoidea, Zootaxa 4803 (2), pp. 281-315: 303-304

publication ID

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)


Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)   —spinetail devilray


Aodon cornu Lacepède, 1798  

Apterurus fabroni Rafinesque, 1810  

Cephalopterus massena Risso, 1810  

Cephaloptera japanica Müller & Henle, 1841  

Cephalopterus edentula Griffini, 1903  

Mobula auriculata Rafinesque, 1810  

Mobula rancureli Cadenat, 1959  

Raia mobular Bonnaterre, 1788  

Raja vespertilio Walbaum, 1792  

Raia aurita Suckow, 1799  

Raia fabroniana Lacepède, 1800  

Raja cephaloptera Bloch & Schneider, 1801  

Raja giorna Lacepède, 1803  

Raja diabolus Shaw, 1804  

Squalus edentulus Brünnich, 1768  

Distribution. Stevens et al. (2018) list this species as likely occurring throughout the northern Gulf of Mexico in offshore waters. Pelagic longline captures have occurred in waters ranging from nearly 1200 to over 2400 m deep.

First Record in GOM. Verified captures in the pelagic longline fishery date back to 2008, but the first mention of the species occurrence in the northern GOM in the literature was by Stevens et al. (2018).

Remarks. In their recent revision of the mobulid rays, White et al. (2018) considered M. japonica   and M. mobular   to be conspecific, with precedence given to M. mobular   . This effectively extended the range of M. mobular   circumglobally in tropical to warm temperate waters. The taxonomic history of this species is long and convoluted but well reviewed by White et al. (2018) and Notarbartolo di Sciara et al. (2020). The common name listed above reflects new insights discussed by Notarbartolo di Sciara et al. (2020). This species is encountered as bycatch in the pelagic longline fishery in the northern GOM ( Figure 14 View FIGURE 14 , C. Jones unpublished data).

Conservation Status. Endangered, when assessed as M. mobular   in European waters, Near Threatened when assessed as M. japanica   globally. An updated assessment considering taxonomic changes and expansion of known range is required.