Liriomyza trifolii ( Burgess, 1880 ), Burgess, 1880

Monteiro, Nilton Juvencio Santiago, Barbosa, Rodrigo Rendeiro & Esposito, Maria Cristina, 2019, Agromyzidae (Diptera: Schizophora) in the state of Pará: new species and new records in Brazil, Zootaxa 4624 (2), pp. 151-182: 173-175

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4624.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A0A2E6C2-6456-4F99-A3CE-1958A271E1A4

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0390046E-FFBA-D676-E5B1-FDA8FD2FFCAA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Liriomyza trifolii ( Burgess, 1880 )
status

 

Liriomyza trifolii ( Burgess, 1880)  

Oscinis trifolii Burgess, 1880: 201   .

Agromyza trifolii, Coquillett, 1898: 78   , Malloch, 1913: 278.

Liriomyza trifolii, de Meijere, 1925: 282   ; Hendel, 1931: 231; Frick, 1952: 405; 1959: 410; Spencer, 1965: 37; 1973b: 226; Stegmaier; 1966b: 75; Spencer & Stegmaier, 1973: 109; Spencer et al., 1992: 283.

Liriomyza phaseolunata, Frost, 1943: 256   ; Frick, 1952: 404; 1959: 408. Syn. Spencer & Steyskal, 1986.

Liriomyza alliovora, Frick, 1955: 88   ; 1959: 401. Syn. Spencer, 1973b: 64.

Diagnosis. Wing length 1.8–2.3 mm. Head, face and antenna yellow; mesonotum predominantly black, with dark spot reaching scutellum; scutellum yellow with one pair of brown anterolateral spots; calypter yellowish with margin brownish, fringe brown. Aedeagus (Fig. 309 and 310 in Lonsdale 2017): basiphallus slightly sclerotized; hypophallus small, flap-like, slightly sclerotized; mesophallus paler, narrow; distiphallus cup-like, fused to mesophallus, bearing two triangular projections distally.

Host–plants. This is a polyphagous specie with host–plants distributed in almost 150 botanic genera: Acanthaceae— Peristrophe Ness.   , Ruspolia Lindau.   ; Alliaceae— Allium   L.; Alstroemeriaceae— Alstroemeria   L.; Amaranthaceae— Amaranthus   L., Beta   L., Celosia   L., Chenopodium   L., Pupalia Juss.   , Spinacia   L.; Anacardiaceae— Lannea A. Rich.   ; Apiaceae— Anethum   L., Anthriscus Pers.   , Apium   L., Daucus   L., Hydrocotyle   L., Pastinaca   L., Petroselinum Hill.   ; Apocynaceae— Asclepias   L.; Asteraceae— Agerantum L., Ambrosia   L., Arctium   L. Artemisia   L., Aster   L., Baccharis   L., Bellis   L., Bidens   L., Brachycome Cass.   , Callistephus Cass.   , Carthamus   L., Centaurea   L., Chrysantemum L., Cirsium Miller   , Conoclinium   DC., Conyza Less.   , Dahlia Cav.   , Dendranthema   (DC.) Des Moul., Dimorphotheca Moench.   , Erechtites Raf.   , Erigeron   L., Eupatorium   L., Flaveria Juss.   , Gaillardia Foug.   , Galinsoga Ruiz & Pavón   , Gazania Gaertner   , Gerbera   L., Gnaphalium   L., Helianthus   L., Helichrysum Miller   , Hymenopappus L’Hérit   , Lactuca   L., Launaea Cass.   , Leucanthemum Miller   , Melanthera J. P. Rohr.   , Senecio   L., Solidago   L., Sonchus   L., Spilanthes Jacq.   , Tagetes   L., Tanacetum   L., Taraxacum Weber ex Wigg.   , Tithonia Desf. ex Juss.   , Tragopogon   L., Lidax L., Vernonia Schreber   , Xanthium   L., Zinnia   L.; Basellaceae— Basella   L.; Brassicaceae— Brassica   L., Capsella Medikus   , Raphanus   L., Thlaspi   L.; Campanulaceae— Trachelium   L.; Caprifoliaceae— Centranthus   DC.; Caryophyllaceae— Dianthus   L., Gypsophila   L., Stellaria   L.; Convolvulaceae— Ipomoea   L.; Cucurbitaceae— Bryonia   L., Citrullus Schrader   , Cucumis   L., Cucurbita   L., Momordica   L.; Euphorbiaceae— Ricinus   L.; Fabaceae— Arachis   L., Cajanus   DC., Canavalia   DC., Cassia   L., Crotalaria   L., Glycine Willd.   , Lathyrus   L., Medicago   L., Melilotus Miller   , Phaseolus   L., Pisum   L. Trifolium   L., Trigonella   L., Vicia   L., Vigna Savi.   ; Goodeniaceae— Scaevola   L.; Iridaceae— Gladiolus   L.; Lamiaceae— Ajuga   L., Holmskioldia Retz.   , Lamium   L., Moluccella   L., Nepeta   L., Ocimum   L., Salvia   L.; Malvaceae— Abelmoschus Medik   , Gossypium   L., Hibiscus   L., Malva   L.; Onagraceae— Fuchsia   L.; Passifloraceae— Passiflora   L.; Piperaceae— Peperomia Ruíz & Pavón   , Piper   L.; Plantaginaceae— Antirrhinum   L., Chelone   L., Linaria Miller   , Plantago   L.; Poaceae— Avena   L., Hordeum   L.; Polemoniaceae— Phlox   L.; Polygonaceae— Fallopia Adans   , Polygonum   L., Rumex   L.; Portulacaceae— Portulaca   L.; Primulaceae— Primula   L.; Ranunculaceae— Anemone   L., Ranunculus   L.; Rosaceae— Agrimonia   L., Crataegus   L.; Sapindaceae— Cardiospermum   L.; Scrophulariaceae— Capraria   L.; Solanaceae— Capsicum   L., Cestrum   L., Datura   L., Lycopersicon Miller   , Petunia Juss.   , Physalis   L., Solanum   L., Withania Pauquy.   ; Tropaeolaceae— Tropaeolum   L.Turneraceae— Piriqueta Aublet.   ; Typhaceae— Typha   L.; Verbenaceae— Lantana   L., Verbena   L.; Zygophyllaceae— Kallstroemia Scop.   , Tribulus   L.

Distribution. Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique, Mexico, Peru, Saint-Martin, Trinidad and Tobago, USA, Venezuela, Virgin Islands. Recorded in countries of Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania ( CABI 2019).

Material examined. Brazil, Pará state, Belém: Campus de Pesquisa do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi , 1º26′56.3″S, 48º26′43.2″W, 29-I-1993, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♂) GoogleMaps   ; same location, 18-XII-1992, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (2 ♂) GoogleMaps   ; same location, 18-XII-1992, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♀) GoogleMaps   ; same location, 29-I-1993, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (3 ♂) GoogleMaps   ; same location, 29-I-1993, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♀) GoogleMaps   ; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA), 1º26′06.4″S, 48º26′58.1″W, 16-XII-1992, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♂) GoogleMaps   ; same location, 08-I-1993, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♂) GoogleMaps   ; same location, 16-XII-1992, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♀) GoogleMaps   ; same location, 02-XII-1992, M.C. Esposito [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♀) GoogleMaps   ; Universidade Federal do Pará ( UFPA), 1º28′17.2″S, 48º26′44.7″W, 20-VIII-2015, N. Monteiro [collector], ex leaf of Emilia sonchifolia   (♀) GoogleMaps   .

Comments. According to Lonsdale (2011), this species can be easily differentiated from the other Liriomyza   species of economic importance by the mesonotum with greyish pruinosity; the abdomen, pleuron, and legs more yellowish than in the other species; and the frons is yellow around the bases of the vertical setae. The male genitalia also help to differentiate this species from congeners.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Agromyzidae

Genus

Liriomyza

Loc

Liriomyza trifolii ( Burgess, 1880 )

Monteiro, Nilton Juvencio Santiago, Barbosa, Rodrigo Rendeiro & Esposito, Maria Cristina 2019
2019
Loc

Liriomyza alliovora

Spencer, K. A. 1973: 64
Frick, K. E. 1959: 401
Frick, K. E. 1955: 88
1955
Loc

Liriomyza phaseolunata

Frick, K. E. 1959: 408
Frick, K. E. 1952: 404
Frost, S. W. 1943: 256
1943
Loc

Liriomyza trifolii

Spencer, K. A. & Martinez, M. & Etienne, J. 1992: 283
Spencer, K. A. 1973: 226
Spencer, K. A. & Stegmaier, C. E. Jr. 1973: 109
Spencer, K. A. 1965: 37
Frick, K. E. 1959: 410
Frick, K. E. 1952: 405
Hendel, F. 1931: 231
Meijere, J. C. H. de 1925: 282
1925
Loc

Agromyza trifolii

Malloch, J. R. 1913: 278
Coquillett, D. W. 1898: 78
1898
Loc

Oscinis trifolii

Burgess, E. 1880: 201
1880