Scolytocis zimmermani Lopes-Andrade

Lopes-Andrade, Cristiano, 2008, An essay on the tribe Xylographellini (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea: Ciidae), Zootaxa 1832 (1), pp. 1-110: 39-40

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1832.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:45A82AD6-F369-4A74-A280-048BAE6E2DA5

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5127065

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038E87B5-FF95-CE57-FF6A-4AF8FD8FFE03

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Scolytocis zimmermani Lopes-Andrade
status

sp. nov.

Scolytocis zimmermani Lopes-Andrade   sp. nov. ( Figs 117–119 View FIGURES 117–119 , 125 View FIGURES 123–125 , 127C View FIGURES 126–127 , 129C View FIGURES 128–129 , 135 View FIGURE 135 )

Etymology

The species is named after the outstanding entomologist Elwood Curtin Zimmerman (1912-2004), who collected the three known specimens of the species.

Diagnosis

The species belongs to the zimmermani   species-group, in which the species have each tibia expanded to the middle, with its outer margin broadly rounded and bearing several spines very close to each other at the apical half. It differs from Scol. thayerae   sp. nov. mainly by its smaller body (less than 1.7mm) and from Scol. philippinensis   sp. nov. by the conspicuous larger apical antennomere.

Description

Holotype. ( Figs 117–119 View FIGURES 117–119 ) Measurements in mm: TL 1.58; PL 0.63; PW 0.68; EL 0.89; EW 0.68; GD 0.68. Ratios: PL/PW 0.93; EL/EW 1.31; EL/PL 1.41; GD/EW 1.00; TL/EW 2.32. Body with dorsum dark brown, ventral surface reddish brown; basal antennomeres, mouthparts and tarsi yellowish brown. Head finely and sparsely punctate on dorsum; interstice between punctures smooth, shiny, rugose near the anterior margin. Each antenna ( Fig. 127A View FIGURES 126–127 ) with nine antennomeres (FL 0.113mm; CL 0.195mm; CL/FL 1.73); length of the antennomeres (in mm) as follows: 0.100; 0.043; 0.065; 0.020; 0.015; 0.013; 0.045; 0.050; 0.100. Eyes with greatest width 1.11X the basal width of scutellum. Pronotum with shallow punctation; punctures fine at disc, separated by a distance of two to three puncture widths; near the lateral margins, the punctures are coarse and somewhat elongate, separated by one puncture width or less, but not coalescent; interstice between punctures finely and inconspicuously microreticulate; anterolateral margins straight; posterolateral angles broadly rounded; posterior margin without a rugose border. Scutellum impunctate, shiny; basal width 0.21X the EW. Elytra with confuse punctation, which is shallower, denser and coarser than that of pronotum; interstice between punctures smooth, shiny; elytral apex truncate; apical declivity concave, with inconspicuous cuticular globules. Each hindwing ( Fig. 125 View FIGURES 123–125 ) with apical area bearing two distinct pigmented lines, one near the anterior margin and the other almost reaching the posterior margin. Prosternum concave, without longitudinal carina at midline; surface finely rugose. Metaventrite glabrous, with disc delimited by a circular row of obsolescent punctures, finely microreticulate; either side microreticulate, and bearing some obsolescent punctures; discrimen one-sixth the length of metaventrite at midline. Abdominal ventrites glabrous, finely microreticulate. Each metatibia ( Fig. 129C View FIGURES 128–129 ) conspicuously expanded at middle, 3.5X as long as broad; outer margin broadly rounded, equally spinulose from apex to middle, with spines very close to each other and then getting sparse to the base. Male genitalia. Unknown.

Type series

Holotype. ( ANIC) Fiji: / Wainiloka Ovalau , Fiji [printed] VII-II-38 [handwritten]/ Shelf Fungi / ECZimmerman Collector / Scolytocis zimmermani Lopes-Andrade     HOLOTYPUS [printed on red paper]/. Paratypes. Fiji: 2 specimens (1 ANIC, 1 LAPC), same data as holotype (1 ANIC, 1 LAPC). The paratypes with an additional label / Scolytocis zimmermani Lopes-Andrade     PARATYPUS [printed on yellow paper]/.

Variation

Measurements in mm (n = 3): TL 1.42–1.58 (1.53 ± 0.09); PL 0.58–0.63 (0.60 ± 0.03); PW 0.63–0.68 (0.66 ± 0.03); EL 0.79–0.95 (0.88 ± 0.08); EW 0.63–0.68 (0.66 ± 0.03); GD 0.63–0.68 (0.65 ± 0.03). Ratios: PL/PW 0.85–0.93 (0.90 ± 0.04); EL/EW 1.25–1.40 (1.32 ± 0.08); EL/PL 1.36–1.64 (1.47 ± 0.15); GD/EW 0.93–1.00 (0.98 ± 0.04); TL/EW 2.25–2.32 (2.30 ± 0.04).

Distribution Known only from the type locality in Ovalau, Fiji (Melanesia; Fig. 135 View FIGURE 135 ).

Host fungi Unknown.

Comments

Although the morphology of male genitalia is not provided for this species, it is sufficiently different to allow the description at this moment.

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Ciidae

Genus

Scolytocis