Xenopus tropicalis (Gray, 1864)

Ayoro, Halamoussa Joëlle, Segniagbeto, Gabriel Hoinsoudé, Hema, Emmanuel Midibahaye, Penner, Johannes, Oueda, Adama, Dubois, Alain, Rödel, Mark-Oliver, Kabré, Gustave Boureima & Ohler, Annemarie, 2020, List of amphibian species (Vertebrata, Tetrapoda) of Burkina Faso, Zoosystema 42 (28), pp. 547-582: 565

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http://doi.org/ 10.5252/zoosystema2020v42a28

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Xenopus tropicalis (Gray, 1864)


Xenopus tropicalis (Gray, 1864)  

COLLECTION MATERIAL. — Burkina Faso   7 ♀ ( SVL 34.5-55 mm), 9 subadults ( SVL 23.2-32.9 mm); Houet province , Bobo-Dioulasso; 11.14979°N, – 4.22272°W; 280 m a.s.l.; II.1983; NA leg.; ZFMK 38659-65 View Materials , 38688-96 View Materials GoogleMaps   .

FIELD MATERIAL. — Burkina Faso   1 ♂; Arly National Park , the floodplain; 11.57852°N, 1.46004°E; 255 m a.s.l.; 16. VI.2018; H.J. Ayoro leg.; in water body; acoustic report GoogleMaps   1♀ ( SVL 41.2 mm); Kou Forest ; 11.18885°N, – 4.43938°W; 320 m a.s.l.; 8.VIII.2018; H. J. Ayoro & A. Ohler leg.; in the water of a concrete basin; hand capture GoogleMaps   Dano , Dano dam; 11.16462°N, – 3.08633°W; 340 m a.s.l.; 2011; J. Penner leg.; field direct observation GoogleMaps   .

LITERATURE REPORTS. — Burkina Faso • Houet province , Bobo-Dioulasso; 11.18800°N, – 4.29744°W; 420 m a.s.l.; 1983 ( Böhme et al. 1996) GoogleMaps   Comoé province , 4 km north-east of Dérégoué; 10.75013°N, – 4.07932°W; 320 m a.s.l.; 1985 ( Böhme & Heath 2018) GoogleMaps   .

DESCRIPTION. — 17 specimens studied. A rare species in our studies sites. This typical pipid shaped frog distinguished from Xenopus fischbergi   by the inner metatarsal tubercles covered by a dark keratinized tip forming a fourth claw.

HABITAT. — Our single collected X. tropicalis   was captured in the water of a concrete basin beside a bridge at Kou River. It was within the gallery forest of this river. In Arly National Park, a male was calling under flooded trees near the Arly River. The species is widespread in rainforests in West Africa. It ranges further north along gallery forests. Its presence was reported from many western African countries, ranging from Senegal to Cameroon ( Rödel 2000; Segniagbeto et al. 2007; Onadeko & Rödel 2009; Kouamé et al. 2014; Kpan et al. 2014; Evans et al. 2015; Onadeko 2016; Rödel & Glos 2019).


Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute