Sclerophrys xeros

Ayoro, Halamoussa Joëlle, Segniagbeto, Gabriel Hoinsoudé, Hema, Emmanuel Midibahaye, Penner, Johannes, Oueda, Adama, Dubois, Alain, Rödel, Mark-Oliver, Kabré, Gustave Boureima & Ohler, Annemarie, 2020, List of amphibian species (Vertebrata, Tetrapoda) of Burkina Faso, Zoosystema 42 (28), pp. 547-582: 556

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/zoosystema2020v42a28

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5CAF9561-DB13-4E22-BB65-7B771976637C

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4337068

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038C87CC-FFC3-FF93-FEB4-FC9CFAEFFC91

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Sclerophrys xeros
status

 

Sclerophrys xeros   (Tandy, Tandy, Keith & Duff-MacKay, 1976)

COLLECTION MATERIAL. — Burkina Faso   2♀ ( SVL 63.8-65.8 mm), 2 ♂ ( SVL 59.3-66.9 mm); Passoré province , Samba; 12.70141°N, – 2.40390°W; 300 m a.s.l.; 10.VII.1961; M. Lamotte leg.; MNHNRA-1979.643, 1979.645, 1979.644, 1979.646 GoogleMaps   2 ♀ ( SVL 64.7- 79.6 mm), 3 ♂ ( SVL 60.5-68.9 mm); Ouagadougou ; 12.38011°N, – 1.51100°W; 300 m a.s.l.; V.1975; M. Lamotte leg.; MHNG 1537.1 View Materials - 5 View Materials GoogleMaps   3 ♂ ( SVL 69.9-73.7 mm), 4 ♀ ( SVL 78.1-81.1 mm), 1 subadult ( SVL 38.5 mm); Bougouriba province , Diébougou; 10.98411°N, – 3.25603°W; 300 m a.s.l.; V.1976; NA leg.; MHNG 1536.89 View Materials - 96 View Materials GoogleMaps   .

FIELD MATERIAL. — Burkina Faso   3 ♀ ( SVL 66.0- 74.1 mm); Deux Balés National Park , Tiona pond; 11.63245°N, – 2.85431°W; 270 m a.s.l.; 9.XI.2017; H. J. Ayoro leg.; edge of the pond; hand capture GoogleMaps   1 ♂ ( SVL 77.4 mm); Saaba ; 12.37210°N, – 1.40372°W; 300 m a.s.l.; 4.IX.2017; same collector as for preceding; in a small water body near a rubbish dump GoogleMaps   5 ♀ ( SVL 58.1-68.3 mm); Djibasso ; 13.12511°N, – 4.16030°W; 340 m a.s.l.; 30.IX.2017; same collector as for preceding; under a light hunting insects; hand capture GoogleMaps   2 ♀ ( SVL 60.1-65.1 mm); same locality; 5.X.2017; same collector as for preceding; under a cattle hay; hand capture GoogleMaps   7 ♂ ( SVL 71.8-85.3 mm), 1 ♀ ( SVL 78.1 mm); W National Park, Kabougou village swampy valley (3 km north-west of the Kabougou forest post office); 11.96073°N, 1.99745°E; 280 m a.s.l.; 22. VI.2018; same collector as for preceding; in a millet field; hand capture GoogleMaps   10 ♀ ( SVL 51.5-84.5 mm); N’Djomga village pond (on the way from Dori to Gorom-Gorom); 14.07222°N, – 0.04865°W; 270 m a.s.l.; 25.VIII.2018; same collector as for preceding; close to a millet field; hand capture GoogleMaps   2 ♀ ( SVL 64.7-68.7 mm); Yakouta , downstream from the Yakouta dam; 14.07450°N, – 0.14291°W; 280 m a.s.l.; 26.VIII.2018; same collector as for preceding; under shrubs; hand capture GoogleMaps   1 ♂ ( SVL 78.8 mm); Sebba ; 13.43904°N, 0.52340°E; 250 m a.s.l.; 22.IX.2018; A. Antarou leg.; hand capture GoogleMaps   2 ♂; Dédougou , SONATUR city; 12.48972°N, 3.43611°W; 300 m a.s.l.; 23.VIII.2017; H. J. Ayoro leg.; in a drain; visual and acoustic report GoogleMaps   1 ♂; Arly National Park , Bongola swampy valley; 11.53252°N, 1.48245°E; 170 m a.s.l.; 13. VI.2018; same collector as for preceding; acoustic report GoogleMaps   1 ♂; Arly National Park , near Bouliabou pond; 11.57888°N, 1.46390°E; 170 m a.s.l.; 16. VI.2018; same collector as for preceding; acoustic report GoogleMaps   2 ♂; Folonzo village swampy valley; 9.95768°N, – 4.67454°W; 240 m a.s.l.; 6.VIII.2018; H. J. Ayoro & A. Ohler leg.; acoustic report GoogleMaps   1 ♂; Kou River savannah; 11.18814°N, – 4.44397°W; 375 m a.s.l.; 9.VIII.2018; same collectors as for preceding; acoustic report GoogleMaps   .

LITERATURE REPORTS. — Burkina Faso • Gourma province , Fada N’Gourma; 12.06051°N, 0.34913°E; 300 m a.s.l.; IX.-XII.2004 ( Brito et al. 2008) GoogleMaps   Fada N’gourma; 12.06051°N, 0.34913°E; 300 m a.s.l. (Mohneke 2011; Mohneke et al. 2011) GoogleMaps   Ganzourgou province , Zorgho; 12.2483°N, – 0.6278°W; 300 m a.s.l.; I-III.2008 (Mohneke 2011; Mohneke et al. 2011) GoogleMaps   .

DESCRIPTION. — 49 specimens examined. Toad, similar to S. maculata   and S. regularis   , but skin with very prominent warts bearing spinules, more pointed than those of the two other species. Red pattern on the rear parts of thighs (absent in three other Sclerophrys   species) and smooth, kidney shaped parotid glands allowing easy identification in the field. For more information on S. xeros   , see Tandy et al. (1976), Lamotte & Xavier (1981), Salvador (1996) and Rödel (2000).

HABITAT. — This species was generally recorded from disturbed areas, around water bodies and open wetter habitats. It was sometimes seen inside protected areas. The recent samples were generally from paddy fields and around village ponds. Lanza (1981) and Salvador (1996) reported S. xeros   from dry savannahs and very arid zones, at the vicinity of dry rivers, oasis and cattle troughs.

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Amphibia

Order

Anura

Family

Bufonidae

Genus

Sclerophrys