Leiurus quinquestriatus (Ehrenberg, 1828)

Lowe, Graeme, Yağmur, Ersen Aydın & Kovařík, František, 2014, A review of the genus Leiurus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) with description of four new species from the Arabian Peninsula, Euscorpius 191, pp. 1-129 : 80-88

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.18590/euscorpius.2014.vol2014.iss191.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E467B3C0-D693-4EAF-B5F0-759D8C63FE35

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7117243

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/038C87BF-2003-1912-FF0E-8BCADC10F9EA

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Leiurus quinquestriatus (Ehrenberg, 1828)
status

 

Leiurus quinquestriatus (Ehrenberg, 1828)

( Figs. 72–82 View Figure 72 View Figure 73 View Figure 74 View Figure 75 View Figure 76 View Figure 77 View Figure 78 View Figure 79 View Figure 80 View Figure 81 View Figure 82 , 87H View Figure 87 , 88H View Figure 88 , 89H View Figure 89 , 90H View Figure 90 , 91D View Figure 91 , 92J View Figure 92 , 93K View Figure 93 , 94– 95 View Figure 94 View Figure 95 , 96C View Figure 96 , 98–99 View Figure 98 View Figure 99 , Tabs. 3A View Table 3 , 5)

Androctonus (Leiurus) quinquestriatus Ehrenberg in Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1828, pl. I, fig. 5.

SYNONYMS

Androctonus (Liurus) quinquestriatus aculeatus Ehrenberg in Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1831.

REFERENCES

Scorpio occitanus : Audouin in Savigny, 1826: 173, pl. VIII, fig. 1 (in part); Audouin in Savigny, 1827: 410-411, pl. VIII, fig. 1 (in part).

Androctonus (Leiurus) 5- striatus : Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1829: 353.

Androctonus (Liurus) quinquestriatus aculeatus: Ehrenberg in Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1831.

Androctonus quinquestriatus: C. L. Koch, 1841a: 43–44 , pl. CCLXV, fig. 622; C. L. Koch, 1850: 90.

Androctonus (Liurus) quinquestriatus aculeatus: Gervais, 1844: 46 .

Scorpio (Androctonus) quinque-striatus : Gervais, 1844: 46, pl. XXIV, fig. 2.

Androctonus troilus: C. L. Koch, 1850: 90 .

Buthus quinquestriatus: Koch, 1875: 7 ; Simon, 1879: 100; Karsch, 1881: 89; Pavesi, 1883: 96; Kraepelin, 1891: 58–60, pl. I, fig. 7, pl. II, fig. 38 (in part); Pocock, 1891: 242–243 (in part); Thorell, 1893: 359–360 (in part); Pocock, 1895: 299; Birula, 1898: 134; Kraepelin, 1899: 27–28 (in part); Kraepelin, 1901: 266–267; Werner, 1902: 598; Tullgren, 1909: 3; Birula, 1910: 118, 119–120 (in part); Simon, 1910: 70–71, fig. 9; Borelli, 1915: 461; Birula, 1917b: 4–5, figs. 1a, 2; Lampe, 1917: 191; King, 1925: 82; Borelli, 1927: 351–352; Gough & Hirst, 1927: 5, fig. 8; Borelli, 1929: 297; Schenkel, 1932: 381; Táborsky, 1934: 40 (in part); Werner, 1934: 269 (in part); Moriggi, 1941: 84; Abd-el-Wahab, 1957: 111–121, figs. 1–5.

Buthus (Buthus) quinquestriatus quinquestriatus: Birula, 1908: 124–129 ; Birula, 1917a: 223.

Buthus quinquestriatus quinquestriatus: Birula, 1910: 118.

Buthus (Buthus) quinquestriatus: Birula, 1917a: 23, 213 (in part); Birula, 1927: 79–80; Whittick, 1941: 43 (in part); Roewer, 1943: 206 (in part).

Leiurus quinquestriatus: Vachon, 1949: 83 , 88–93 (in part); Vachon, 1950a: 197 (in part); Vachon, 1952: 208–213, 369, 411, 441, 445, 449–452, figs. 639, 678, 686 (in part); Vachon, 1966: 211; Stahnke, 1972: 130 (in part); Probst, 1973: 329; Pérez, 1974: 24 (in part); Lamoral & Reynders, 1975: 509–510 (in part); Levy & Amitai, 1980: 47–48 (in part); Kinzelbach, 1985: map II (in part); El-Hennawy, 1987: 18; El-Hennawy, 1992: 98, 125-126 (in part); Kovařík, 1992: 183; Sissom, 1994: 20–23 (in part); Braunwalder & Fet, 1998: 32; Kovařík, 1998: 112 (in part); Fet & Lowe, 2000: 155 (in part); Lourenço et al. 2006: 98, 100 (in part), fig. 1–3; El-Hennawy, 2005: 76; El-Hennawy, 2008: 118, 121, tab IV; Lourenço & Cloudsley-Thompson, 2009: 126; Yağmur et al., 2009: 2–3 (in part); Kovařík & Ojanguren, 2013: 158, figs. 836–838.

Leiurus quinquestriatus quinquestriatus: Vachon, 1949: 88–93 (in part); Pérez, 1974: 24; Fet & Lowe, 2000: 155; Lourenço et al. 2002: 641; Lourenço et al. 2006: 97; Yağmur et al., 2009: 12.

Androctonus (Leiurus) quinquestriatus: Braunwalder & Fet, 1998: 33 .

NOTE: The above synonymy and reference listing omits records from Libya, Algeria and the southern Sinai, as we did not revise the status of those populations.

TYPE MATERIAL. 8 original syntypes (2 ♂, 2 ♀, 4 juv): Egypt, Sinai; Arabian Desert; Sudan, Dongola (= Dunqulah, Nubia); 1823–1824, leg. F.W. Hemprich & C.G. Ehrenberg ( ZMHB No. 140) (examined, Fig. 82 View Figure 82 ).

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED. Egypt: 2 juvs, Lisht , 29°33'N 31°08'E, 54 m a.s.l., leg. A. Hrdlička ( USNM) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♂, 1♀, Kena (= Qena), 26°09.77'N 32° 42.69'E ( NHMB 17g); GoogleMaps 2 ♀, Girga, 26°19.74'N 31°52.8'E ( NHMB 17h); GoogleMaps 2 ♂, 2 ♀, Kharga Oasis, 25°15'N 30°35'E ( NHMB 17i); GoogleMaps 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 1 juv ♀, Cairo, 30°03'N 31°15'E, leg. Zschokke ( NHMB 17c); GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 5 ♀, 2 juvs ♂, 2 juvs ♀, Cairo environs, 30°03'N 31°15'E, leg. E. Graeter ( NHMB 17d); GoogleMaps 3 ♀ ( NHMB 17f); 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 2007 (GL). GoogleMaps Sudan: 1♂, 4 ♀, Malha , West Darfur, 15°04.63'N 26°09'E, 900 m a.s.l., 20.I.1986, leg. H. Dumont ( MEB 364 ) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♂, 7 ♀, 12 juvs, Sabaloka Mt. , ca 16°20'N 32°30'E, 24.X.–14.XI.2011, leg. P. Pokorný ( FKCP) GoogleMaps .

DIAGNOSIS (adults). Medium to large Leiurus , 69–90 mm in length, carapace L 7.8–11.0 mm, color uniformly yellow or with variable fuscous markings on carapace and tergites; metasoma V yellow, or darkened except for posterior end; carapace with area between anterior median carinae lacking dark pigment, smooth or slightly roughened, with few sparse granules, area between posterior median carinae flat or with shallow median depression, lateral arcs of granules either very fine or absent; medial intercarinal surfaces of tergites II – III densely shagreened with fine granules, granulation weaker and sparser in females ( Figs. 93K View Figure 93 , 94 View Figure 94 ); posterior margin of coxa III smooth, or with scattered fine granules; metasoma moderately slender, metasoma II L/ W 1.51 –1.96, metasoma III L/ W 1.67 –2.22, metasoma IV L/ W 2.07 –2.63; ventromedian carinae of metasoma II and III with 19–26 denticles (90/92 carinae); metasoma V with enlarged subtriangular or lobate denticles on ventrolateral carinae; pedipalps slender, patella L/W ♂ 3.17–3.85, ♀ 2.88–3.61; leg III patella L/D 3.24–4.38; pectine teeth ♂ 30–39, ♀ 26–38; pectines medium sized, pectine L/ carapace L ♂ 1.11–1.40, ♀ 0.89–1.38, midpectine sensillar margin L/ metasoma I W ♂ 0.142 – 0.184, ♀ 0.078 –0.156; basal 1–3 pectine teeth of males overlap if anterior pectine margins aligned to posterior margins of coxae IV; pectine basal piece densely, shagreened, usually with more coarse medial granules in males; leg III basitarsus with 8–16 retrosuperior setae; pedipalp chela fixed finger with trichobothrium usually db distal to est; area of sternite VII between median carinae with dense, fine granulation or shagreened anteriorly, more heavily in males; sternite carination: males and females: sternite III with median carinae strong, densely granular or shagreened, sternites IV– V with lateral carinae strong, median carinae moderate.

MEASUREMENTS.

Male syntype ( Fig. 82C View Figure 82 , subadult) (mm). Total L 63.0; metasoma + telson L 41.5; carapace L 6.6, W 7.8; metasomal segments (L/ W) I 5.4/ 4.2, II 6.3 / 3.6, III 6.3 / 3.5, IV 7.3 / 3.2, V 8.6 / 3.0; telson L 7.6; pedipalp chela L 13.1, manus W 1.9, movable finger L 8.9; pedipalp femur L 7.2, W 1.7, patella L 8.0, W 2.2; pectine L 8.5, mid-pectine sensillar margin L 0.85; pectine teeth 30–30. Adult female syntype ( Fig. 82A View Figure 82 ) (mm). Total L 90.0; metasoma + telson L 56.7; carapace L 10.3, W 11.6; metasomal segments (L/ W) I 7.4/ 5.8, II 8.5 / 5.3, III 8.6 / 5.2, IV 10.1 / 4.7, V 11.4 / 4.4; telson L 10.7; pedipalp chela L 18.7, manus W 3.3, movable finger L 13.5; pedipalp femur L 10.1, W 2.8, patella L 10.8, W 3.5; pectine L 9.7, mid-pectine sensillar margin L 0.90; pectine teeth 30.

Male, Kena, Egypt ( NHMB 17g) (mm). Total L 74.00; metasoma + telson L 48.00; carapace L 8.28, W 8.57, carapace preocular L 3.69; metasomal segments (L/ D /W) I 6.31/ 4.30/5.15, II 7.50 / 4.57/4.55, III 7.71 / 3.78/4.28, IV 8.62/ 3.41/3.87, V 9.28 / 3.22/3.68; telson L 7.62; vesicle L 3.76, D 3.04, W 3.04; pedipalp chela L 15.60, manus ventral L 4.49, manus W 2.35, manus D 2.57, fixed finger L 9.90, movable finger L 11.40; pedipalp femur L 8.22, W 2.31, patella L 9.50, W 2.81; pectine L 9.98, mid-pectine sensillar margin L 0.898; leg III femur L 8.77; leg III patella L 7.59, D 2.00; chela db–est distance (left/ right) 0.958 / 0.917; pectine teeth (left/ right) 35/ 35.

Female, Kena, Egypt ( NHMB 17g) (mm). Total L 80.00; metasoma + telson L 53.00; carapace L 9.46, W 10.80, carapace preocular L 4.44; metasomal segments (L/ D /W) I 6.62/ 5.18/5.75, II 7.96 / 4.64/5.04, III 8.16 / 4.49/4.79, IV 8.99/ 3.93/4.35, V 10.11 / 3.59/4.34; telson L 9.33; vesicle L 4.63, D 3.51, W 3.62; pedipalp chela L 17.03, manus ventral L 5.14, manus W 2.63, manus D 3.14, fixed finger L 9.99, movable finger L 12.14; pedipalp femur L 8.88, W 2.75, patella L 10.12, W 3.44; pectine L 9.53, mid-pectine sensillar margin L 0.653; leg III femur L 9.71; leg III patella L 8.29, D 2.17; chela db–est distance (left/ right) 0.917 / 1.125; pectine teeth (left/ right) 28/ 28.

DISTRIBUTION. Egypt, Sudan.

REMARKS. The syntypes include assorted material from the Sinai, the Nile Valley in Egypt and Sudan, and the desert region of Egypt east of the Nile. These could represent more than one species if the populations in the Sinai are distinct from those of the Nile Valley. However, since individual specimens do not have locality labels, they cannot be referred to specific populations. We refrain from designating a lectotype until the taxonomic status of these populations is clari-fied by further study.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Scorpiones

Family

Buthidae

Genus

Leiurus

Loc

Leiurus quinquestriatus (Ehrenberg, 1828)

Lowe, Graeme, Yağmur, Ersen Aydın & Kovařík, František 2014
2014
Loc

Buthus (Buthus) quinquestriatus: Birula, 1917a: 23 , 213

BIRULA, A. 213: 23
ROEWER 1943: 206
WHITTICK 1941: 43
BIRULA, A. 1927: 79
213
Loc

Androctonus (Leiurus) quinquestriatus:

Braunwalder & Fet 1998: 33
1998
Loc

Leiurus quinquestriatus:

KOVARIK, F & A. A. OJANGUREN AFFILASTRO 2013: 158
LOURENCO, W. R. & J. L. CLOUDSLEY- THOMPSON 2009: 126
YAGMUR, E. A. & H. KOC & K. B. KUNT 2009: 2
EL-HENNAWY, H. K. 2008: 118
LOURENCO 2006: 98
EL-HENNAWY, H. K. 2005: 76
Fet & Lowe 2000: 155
BRAUNWALDER, M. E. & V. FET 1998: 32
KOVARIK, F. 1998: 112
SISSOM 1994: 20
EL-HENNAWY, H. K. 1992: 98
KOVARIK, F. 1992: 183
EL-HENNAWY, H. K. 1987: 18
Kinzelbach 1985: 83
LEVY, G. & P. AMITAI 1980: 47
Lamoral & Reynders 1975: 509
PEREZ 1974: 24
PROBST 1973: 329
STAHNKE 1972: 130
VACHON 1966: 211
VACHON 1952: 208
VACHON 1950: 197
VACHON 1949: 83
1949
Loc

Leiurus quinquestriatus quinquestriatus:

YAGMUR 2009: 12
LOURENCO 2006: 97
LOURENCO 2002: 641
FET, V. & G. LOWE 2000: 155
PEREZ 1974: 24
VACHON 1949: 93
1949
Loc

Buthus quinquestriatus quinquestriatus:

BIRULA, A. 1910: 118
1910
Loc

Buthus (Buthus) quinquestriatus quinquestriatus:

Birula 1917: 223
Birula 1908: 124
1908
Loc

Buthus quinquestriatus:

Abd-el-Wahab 1957: 111
Moriggi 1941: 84
Taborsky 1934: 40
WERNER 1934: 269
Schenkel 1932: 381
BORELLI, A. 1929: 297
BORELLI, A. 1927: 351
Gough & Hirst 1927: 5
King 1925: 82
BIRULA, A. 1917: 4
Lampe 1917: 191
BORELLI, A. 1915: 461
BIRULA, A. A. 1910: 118
SIMON 1910: 70
Tullgren 1909: 3
WERNER 1902: 598
KRAEPELIN, K. 1901: 266
KRAEPELIN, K. 1899: 27
BIRULA, A. A. 1898: 134
POCOCK 1895: 299
THORELL 1893: 359
KRAEPELIN, K. 1891: 58
POCOCK 1891: 242
PAVESI 1883: 96
Karsch 1881: 89
SIMON 1879: 100
Koch 1875: 7
1875
Loc

Androctonus troilus: C. L. Koch, 1850: 90

Koch 1850: 90
1850
Loc

Androctonus (Liurus) quinquestriatus aculeatus:

GERVAIS, P. M. 1844: 46
1844
Loc

Scorpio (Androctonus) quinque-striatus

GERVAIS, P. M. 1844: 46
1844
Loc

Androctonus quinquestriatus:

Koch 1850: 90
Koch 1841: 43
1841
Loc

Androctonus (Liurus) quinquestriatus aculeatus Ehrenberg

HEMPRICH, F. W. & C. G. EHRENBERG 1831: 80
1831
Loc

Androctonus (Liurus) quinquestriatus aculeatus

HEMPRICH, F. W. & C. G. EHRENBERG 1831: 81
1831
Loc

Androctonus (Leiurus) 5- striatus

HEMPRICH, F. W. & C. G. EHRENBERG 1829: 353
1829
Loc

Androctonus (Leiurus) quinquestriatus

HEMPRICH, F. W. & C. G. EHRENBERG 1828: 80
1828
Loc

Scorpio occitanus

AUDOUIN, V. 1827: 410
AUDOUIN, V. 1826: 173
1826