Epicauta (Epicauta) obscurocephala Reitter, 1905,

Pan, Zhao & Ren, Guo-Dong, 2020, New synonyms, combinations and status in the Chinese species of the family Meloidae Gyllenhal, 1810 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) with additional faunistic records, Zootaxa 4820 (2), pp. 260-286: 270-271

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4820.2.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:581C6773-3B96-48FD-9835-33E26B3B6FEB

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4397949

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038C87A0-FFFE-CE28-61F9-FD13FEE2FD3A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Epicauta (Epicauta) obscurocephala Reitter, 1905
status

 

Epicauta (Epicauta) obscurocephala Reitter, 1905 

Epicauta obscurocephala Reitter, 1905: 195  . Type locality: “Tientsin” (= Tianjin, China)  . Type depository: HNHM  .

Epicauta xantusi Kaszab, 1952a: 592  . Type locality: “ Shanghai, China ”  . Type depository: HNHM, MGFT, ZMHB. syn. nov  .

Epicauta xantusi  ab. unicolora Kaszab, 1952a: 594 (unavailable name; homonym). Type locality: “ Kansu, Hweisin , China ” (= Hui County, Gansu, China)  . Type depository: HNHM  .

Epicauta xantusi  ab. unicoloroides Kaszab, 1958b: 189 (unavailable name; replacement name).

Type material examined. Epicauta obscurocephala  : Holotype: ♀, “ China Tientsin ”, “ obscurocephala  sp. Tientsin”, “ Holotypus // 1905 ♀ // Epicauta obscurocephala Reitter  ” ( HNHM; Fig. 13View FIGURES 13–19). 

Epicauta xantusi  : Holotype: ♂, “ China, Shanghai // J. Xántus ”,“ Holotypus // 1952 // ♂ // Epicauta Xantusi Kaszab  ” ( HNHM; Fig. 14View FIGURES 13–19)  . Paratypes: 1 ♀, “ China, Shanghai // Xántus J.”, “2”, “305/918”, “ Allotypus // 1952 // ♀ // Epicauta Xantusi Kaszab  ” ( HNHM)  ; 1 ♂, “ China, Shanghai // J. Xántus ”, “ Paratypus // 1952 // ♂ // Epicauta Xantusi Kaszab  ” ( HNHM)  .

Epicauta xantusi  ab. unicolora: Holotype: ♂, “ Hweisin // Kansu ”, “ Holotypus // 1952 // Epicauta xantusi  ab. unicolora Kaszab ” ( HNHM; Fig. 15View FIGURES 13–19). 

Other material examined from China. HEBEI: 1 ex., Anxin, Dazhangzhuang , 2012.VIII.2, Peng Jidong & Wang Nanning leg. (MHBUa);GoogleMaps  4 exx., Yi County, Yangguzhuang, 1981.VII, Xu Shao leg. ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  1 ex., Huan-ghua , 2004.VI.24, Shi Fuming leg. ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  1 ex., Mt. Xiaowutai , 2001.VII.6 ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  6 exx., Yu County, Mt. Xiaowutai , 2006.VII.7–10, Mao Benyong & Shi Fuming leg. ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  8 exx., Yu County, Mt. Xiaowutai , 2008. VII.6–17, Li Yalin leg. ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  123 exx., Yu County, Jinhekou, 2005.VII.10–16, Li Jing & Wang Fengyan leg. (1 cMAB; 122 MHBU);GoogleMaps  15 exx., Mt. Xiaowutai , Jinhekou , 2006.VII.7–11 ( MHBU). SHANXI:GoogleMaps  21 exx., Datong, Yungang , 2010.VIII.20, Ren Guodong et al. leg. ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  1 ex., E Yangquan (N37°53.655’ E113°35.783’, Elev. 721 m), 2012.VII.18, Niu Yiping & Sun Xiaojie leg. (MHBUa);GoogleMaps  2 exx., Zuoyun, Santun (N40°10.157’ E112°41.647’, Elev. 1567 m), 2012.VII.22, Niu Yiping & Sun Xiaojie leg. (1 MHBU;1 MHBUa).GoogleMaps  INNER MONGOLIA: 1 ex., Darhan Muminggan, Baiyan Hua , 2004.VII.13–15, Du Zhigang & Liu Haoyu leg. ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  1 ex., Liangcheng , 2006. VII.17, Ren Guodong & Ba Yibin leg. ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  1 ex., Chahar Right Back Banner, Baiyin Chagan (N41°26.683’ E113°17.490’, Elev. 1480 m), 2012.VII.23, Niu Yiping & Sun Xiaojie leg. (MHBUa);GoogleMaps  2 exx., Ulanqab, Chang-hanliang (N40°46.982’ E112°49.278’, Elev. 1663 m), 2012.VII.23, Ba Yibin & Niu Yiping leg. (MHBUa);GoogleMaps  1 ex., Hinggan League, Jalaid Banner, Tumuji National Natural Reserve (N46°17.632’ E123°1.036’, Elev. 128 m), 2014. VII.23, Pan Zhao et al. leg. (MHBUa).GoogleMaps  LIAONING: 2 exx., 1983.VI.1, Ren Guodong leg. ( MHBU).GoogleMaps  JILIN: 1 ex., Tongyu, Mt. Xinglong (N44°47.473’ E112°28.883’, Elev. 152 m), 2012.VII.29, Ba Yibin & Niu Yiping leg. (MH-BUa);GoogleMaps  212 exx., Changling, Taipingchuan (N44°26.027’ E123°15.098’, Elev. 156 m), 2012.VII.30, Ba Yibin & Niu Yiping leg. (205 MHBU; 7 MHBUa).GoogleMaps  SHAANXI: 2 exx., Qingjian , 2002.VIII.10, Wang Wenqiang leg. ( MHBU).GoogleMaps  QINGHAI: 7 exx., Jainca, Yangjiang (N35°51.519’ E102°03.937 ’, Elev. 2081 m), 2012.VIII.2, Ren Guodong et al. leg. ( MHBU).GoogleMaps  NINGXIA: 8 exx., Pingluo , 1989.VII.30 ( MHBU);GoogleMaps  10 exx., Pingluo, Nuanquan (N38°49.179’ E106°10.725’, Elev. 1135 m), 2010.VII.22, Wang Xinpu & Pan Zhao leg. (MHBUa).GoogleMaps 

Distribution. China: Beijing, Gansu, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Jiangsu, Jilin (new record), Liaoning, Ningxia, Qinghai (new record), Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin, Zhejiang.

Remarks. The type locality of Epicauta xantusi  ab. unicolora Kaszab, 1952 is “Hweisin, Kansu ”. Růžička et al. (2002) indicated this locality was Hua Xian, and gave its longitude and latitude, ca. 33°46´ N 106°04´ E. How-ever, no county is named Hua in Gansu Province. We searched the longitude and latitude, and found this locality is placed in the Hui County (= Huxian, in Chinese) of Longnan City, Ganus, which has a similar pronunciation to “Hweinsin”. Therefore, we considered the correct name of the type locality as Hui County.

E. xantusi Kaszab, 1952  could be distinguished from E. obscurocephala  by their red temples, according to its original description ( Kaszab 1952a). Based on the examination of the type specimens of these two species, we confirm Kaszab’s point of view. However, after the study of more than 400 specimens (MHBU), we found that the red portion of temples varies greatly. Especially, in a few cases, the temples have only a very small brown spot, which are almost invisible. Meanwhile, as in the case of E. sibirica ( Pallas, 1773)  , we conclude that this feature is not useful to determine species in Epicauta ( Liu et al. 2016)  . In conclusion, E. xantusi  is synonymized with E. obscurocephala  .

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

MGFT

Museum G. Frey

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Meloidae

Genus

Epicauta

Loc

Epicauta (Epicauta) obscurocephala Reitter, 1905

Pan, Zhao & Ren, Guo-Dong 2020
2020
Loc

Epicauta xantusi

Kaszab, Z. 1958: 189
1958
Loc

Epicauta xantusi Kaszab, 1952a: 592

Kaszab, Z. 1952: 592
1952
Loc

Epicauta xantusi

Kaszab, Z. 1952: 594
1952
Loc

Epicauta obscurocephala Reitter, 1905: 195

Reitter, E. 1905: 195
1905