Lindholmiola gyria ( ROTH, 1839 )

Subai, Peter & Neubert, Eike, 2014, Revision of the genus Lindholmiola HESSE, 1931 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Helicodontidae), Contributions to Natural History 23, pp. 1-94 : 64-67

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5169/seals-787037

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6902285

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/038C1808-EF63-FF94-5983-FC1C4D8D89F7

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Lindholmiola gyria ( ROTH, 1839 )
status

 

Lindholmiola gyria ( ROTH, 1839)

Figs 33–34 View Figs 33–34 , 35 View Fig , 44 View Figs 44–46

1839 Helix gyria ROTH , Molluscorum species, quas in itinere per Orientem facto comites clariss. Schubert doctores M. Erdl et J. R. Roth collegerunt: 16, Taf. 1 Fig. 17–18 View Figs 16–18 .

1846 Helix gyria , – L. Pfeiffer, in: Martini & Chemnitz: Systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet, 1. 12 (II): 283, Taf. 124 Fig. 31–33 View Figs 30–32 View Figs 33–34 .

1848 Helix gyria , – L. Pfeiffer, Monographia heliceorum viventium, 1: 414.

1853 Helix gyria , – L. Pfeiffer, Monographia heliceorum viventium, 3: 261.

1868 Helix gyria , – L. Pfeiffer, Monographia heliceorum viventium, 4: 312.

1859 Helix gyria , – Mousson, Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich, 4: 259.

1868 Helix gyria , – L. Pfeiffer, Monographia heliceorum viventium, 5: 415.

1876 Helix gyria , – L. Pfeiffer, Monographia heliceorum viventium, 7: 466.

1887 Helix gyria , – Tryon, Manual of Conchology, 3: 177.

1889 Helix (Caracolina) gyria , – Westerlund, Fauna, 2: 20.

1894 Helix (Caracollina) gyria , – Pilsbry, in Tryon, Manual of Conchology, 9: 228.

1898 Helix (Gonostoma) gyria , – Kobelt, in Rossmässler, E. A.: Iconographie der Land- & Süsswasser-Mollusken mit vorzüglicher Berücksichtigung der europäischen noch nicht abgebildeten Arten, (2) 8 (1/4): 53, Taf. 226 Fig. 1447.

1918 Caracollina gyria , – Hesse, Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, 50: 109.

1991 Helicodonta gyria gyria , – Maassen, Basteria 55: 123, Fig. 1–3 View Figs View Figs 3–6 .

Diagnosis: shell strongly depressed, protoconch and first teleoconch whorls slightly immersed, whorls densely coiled, extremely long bursa copulatrix.

Description of shell: shell strongly depressed, protoconch and first teleoconch whorls slightly immersed, basic shell colour brown; initial part of protoconch whorls smooth, followed by 1–1¼ whorls with a pattern of a few fine radial stripes; the following teleoconch whorls with increasingly stronger radial stripes, but almost lacking on the last whorls; surface of the last whorl covered by a fine granulation; sometimes with hairs, hair warts can be found in the granulated surface sculpture; 6¼–7¼, densely coiled and well rounded whorls, last whorl slightly descending before the aperture; suture deep; umbilicus broad, almost cylindrical, reaching a diameter of 2.8–3.3 mm; aperture oblique, slightly bent in lateral view, and strongly ear-like in frontal view; apertural insertion with a distance of 4.2–5.3 mm, connected by a very thin, almost indiscernible callus; peristomial rim ± sharp, laterally with a strong swelling, basally reinforced with a small umbilical shield.

Measurements: H: 5.3–6.4; D: 12.3–15; aH: 4.4–5.5 (5.6–6.6); aW: 5.8–6.9.

Details of body (after one specimen from Phaselis): head and dorsum dark grey, flanks and tail light grey; sole cream with a greyish rim; mantle collar translucent with grey spots of pigment; secondary ureter opens 1.5 mm apart from the respiratory pore.

Morphology of the genital organs ( Fig. 44 View Figs 44–46 ): penis relatively long, slightly enlarged in its central part, penial glandular tissue covering ca 1/4 of the total penis length, penial lumen filled by a single, broad and serrated pilaster, starting at the distal penial wall and stretching to the narrow penial pore, where it recurves and ends centrally in the penis, remaining penial lumen with short perpendicular folds; vagina relatively long, filled with a long, narrow pilaster connecting to one of the atrial pilasters, glandula with a short stalk and a strongly folded part, bursa copulatrix three times the length of the glandula, bursa copulatrix narrow, same length as glandula, pedunculus reaching ca 40% of the total length of the bursa copulatrix, vesicle of bursa copulatrix elongate, double the diameter of the pedunculus; atrial lumen with several broad and short interdigitating pilasters.

Differential diagnosis: The shell of L. gyria with its broad last whorl and the slightly concave spire resembles that of Helicodonta obvoluta , and thus cannot be confused with any of the other species of the genus Lindholmiola . The extremely long bursa copulatrix differentiates it from all its congeners.

Type specimens: Turkey, Antalya County, Kekova Island , " Cacamo Cariae ", 36.17°N 29.87°E, syntype gyria : ZSM 1781 . GoogleMaps

Additional specimens examined:

Turkey, Antalya County, Kekova Island (= Cacamo Cariae   GoogleMaps , 20 km E of Kaş), UTM QA 50 /60, 36.17°N 29.87°E, ( Roth, 1839: 16, Maassen   GoogleMaps , 1991: 124) ; rocks NW of lake near Beymelek   GoogleMaps (= 9 km as the crow flies WSW of Finike   GoogleMaps ), UTM TF 31 , 36 .2726°N 30.0456°E, leg. Welter-Schultes 27.9.1998, coll. Welter-Schultes /1 ; Karamanbeyli pass near Finike   GoogleMaps (= Phinika Pass), UTM TF 43 , 36 .54°N 29.98°E, SMF 284853 View Materials /1 ; forest in gorge of Kemer creek   GoogleMaps (= W of Kemer), UTM TF 75 , 36 .5943°N 30.5049°E, (Maassen, 1991: 124) ; Phaselis, ruins near Tekirova (= 10 km S of Kemer), UTM TF 84 , 36 .4704°N 30.5131°E, (Maassen, 1991: 124) ; leg. Subai 26.2.1999, S 16083 View Materials /17 + 7 (juv.) + 1 (alk.).

Remarks: This species is probably endangered, because even empty shells are very rare. In February 1999, it took several hours until the only hitherto known living specimen could be found close to Phaselis. The anatomical investigation revealed that it belongs to Lindholmiola and not to Helicodonta . In 1991 (p. 124, Fig. 4–6 View Figs 3–6 ), Maassen described Helicodonta gyria wilhelminae from Crete, which is considered an endemic Helicodonta species.

Distribution ( Fig 35 View Fig ): This species is only known from a small coastal stripe in the south-western part of the vilayet Antalya. The distribution range covers the Island Kekova (= E of Kaş) and the surroundings of Kemer to Phaselis.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Order

Stylommatophora

Family

Helicodontidae

Genus

Lindholmiola

Loc

Lindholmiola gyria ( ROTH, 1839 )

Subai, Peter & Neubert, Eike 2014
2014
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

ROTH 1839
1839
Loc

Helix gyria

, ZSM 1781
1781
Loc

Helix (Gonostoma) gyria

, ZSM 1781
1781