Psammoecus vittifer Blackburn, 1903

Karner, Michael, 2020, Taxonomic Studies on Australian Psammoecus Latreille (Coleoptera, Silvanidae, Brontinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 723, pp. 135-158 : 147-149

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Psammoecus vittifer Blackburn, 1903


Psammoecus vittifer Blackburn, 1903

Fig. 5 View Fig

Psammoecus vittifer Blackburn, 1903: 155 .

Psammoecus concolor Grouvelle, 1919: 8 . Syn. nov.

Psammoecus vittifer – Hetschko 1930: 84.


The following combination of character states distinguishes this species: body elongate-oval ( Fig. 5A View Fig ), length 2.36–2.85 mm; eyes of moderate size ( Fig. 5B View Fig ), unevenly rounded with distinctly stronger curvature posteriorly; temples very short; frontal grooves short, slightly curved, reaching anterior third of eyes; antennae short, stout ( Fig. 5D View Fig ), antennomere 6 slightly darkened, antennomeres 7–10 dark brown; antennomere 11 whitish; punctation on vertex dense ( Fig. 5B View Fig ), punctures strongly elongate, slightly longer than eye facet diameter, microsculpture absent, pubescence moderate; pronotum widest at anterior third ( Fig. 5C View Fig ), lateral pronotal margins with five small, but distinct teeth; I and V larger than II–IV, anterior denticles small, spread over larger distance and reaching anterior 1⁄6 of lateral margins, posterior denticles very small; pronotal punctation dense, punctures distinctly widened, microsculpture absent, pubescence moderate, setae directed antero-medially; elytra widest at middle ( Fig. 5A View Fig ), with elongate brown maculae along anterior 2/3 of margins and sutural area darkened near apex, striae wider than interstices, pubescence moderate, microsculpture absent; male genitalia strongly sclerotised ( Fig. 5 View Fig E–H), median lobe slender, evenly narrowed towards apex, tip blunt in dorsal and lateral view, parameres long, wide, apex thin, flattened and widened, lateral margin near apex with two long setae. Left paramere of holotype of P. vittifer ( Fig. 5G View Fig ) permanently bent ventrally, probably a drying artifact.

Material examined


AUSTRALIA • 1 ♂, holotype of Psammoecus vittifer Blackburn, 1903 ; “ Type | H.T.” [round label with red border]; “Australia. | Blackburn Coll. | B.M.1910-236.”; “ Psammoechus [sic!] | vittiferus, Blackb.”; NHMUK.

INDONESIA • 1 ♂, lectotype (here designated) of Psammoecus concolor Grouvelle, 1919 ; Java; “Co- | type ” [round label with yellow border]; “ Java.”; “Bowring. | 63.47*”; “ Psammoecus | concolor Grouv. ” [not Grouvelle’s hand]; Bowring leg.; MNHN 1 ♀; same data as for preceding; NHMUK .

Of P. concolor, Grouvelle (1919: 8) mentions two type specimens from Java in the collection of the NHMUK. Only one syntype (♀) could be located in the NHMUK collection; a further syntype (♂) with identical data is stored in the MNHN collection, indicating that Grouvelle kept one specimen for his own collection. The MNHN specimen is hereby designated as lectotype.

Other material

AUSTRALIA – Queensland • 3 specs; Cairns Region, Cairns ; Sep. 1949; ANIC 3 specs; same locality; Nov. 1949; ANIC 1 spec.; Cairns, Edge Hill ; 16°55′ S, 145°46′ E; 18 Apr.–14 May 1965; J.G. Brooks leg.; at indoor lights; ANIC GoogleMaps 4 specs; same locality; 11 Nov. 1967; J.G. Brooks leg.; ANIC GoogleMaps 1 spec.; same locality; 14 Oct. 1970; J.G. Brooks leg.; MKF GoogleMaps 1 spec.; Cassowary Coast Region, Cardstone ; 25 Nov. 1966; J.G. Brooks leg.; ANIC 1 spec.; same locality; 26 Nov. 1966; J.G. Brooks leg.; ANIC 1 spec.; same locality; 29 Nov. 1966; J.G. Brooks leg.; ANIC 1 spec.; same locality; 15–16 Jan. 1967; K. Hyde leg.; MKF 1 spec.; Cassowary Coast Region, W slopes of Seymour Range, near Innisfail, Dinner Creek Road ; 6 Nov. 1966; E. Britton leg.; rainforest, at light; ANIC 1 spec.; Cassowary Coast Region, Palmerston National Park, Tully-Cairns Powerline ; 300 m a.s.l.; 6 Nov. 1966; E. Britton leg.; rainforest, at light; ANIC 1 spec.; City of Townsville, Townsville ; 16–22 Mar. 1965; Balogh leg.; HNHM 3 specs; Shire of Burdekin, Ayr ; 19°135′ S, 147°24′ E; 1 Sep. 1970; W.B. Muir leg.; ANIC 2 specs; Shire of Douglas, Mossman ; 16°28′ S, 145°23′ E; 5 Dec. 1990; T. Gush leg.; at white light in laundromat; ANIC GoogleMaps 1 spec.; Shire of Douglas, Wonga, Pinnacle Village Holiday Park ; 0 m a.s.l.; 13 Jan. 1999; Podlussány leg.; HNHM 1 spec.; Shire of Mareeba / Douglas Shire, Mount Lewis ; 1010 m a.s.l.; 20 Jun. 1971; Taylor Feehan leg.; ANIC 1 spec.; Shire of Mareeba, Kuranda, Barron Falls ; 16°49′ S, 145°38′ E; 24 Nov. 1964; J.G. Brooks leg.; at light; ANIC GoogleMaps .

THAILAND • 1 spec.; Isan , Khon-Kaen; 16°26′ N, 102°50′ E; 23 Feb. 1980; Saowakontha leg.; at light; HNHM GoogleMaps 1 spm; same data as for preceding; MKF GoogleMaps .

PAPUA NEW GUINEA • 1 spec.; Central Province , Ighibirei, Kemp Welch River; Jul.–Aug. 1890; Loria leg.; MSNG .


This species was found in Australia (Queensland), Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Thailand.


Psammoecus vittifer is easily identified by its general habitus and the very distinct structure of the male genitalia. One specimen from Papua New Guinea in the MSNG collection is labelled as “ Psammoecus ocularis ty. Grouv.” in Grouvelle’s hand. This name was never published, hence P. ocularis is considered a manuscript name.


France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle


Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection


Hungary, Budapest, Hungarian Natural History Museum


Italy, Genova, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "Giacomo Doria"


Natural History Museum, London


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle


Australian National Insect Collection


Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)


Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 'Giacomo Doria'














Psammoecus vittifer Blackburn, 1903

Karner, Michael 2020

Psammoecus vittifer

Hetschko A. 1930: 84

Psammoecus concolor Grouvelle, 1919: 8

Grouvelle A. 1919: 8

P. concolor, Grouvelle (1919: 8)

Grouvelle A. 1919: )

Psammoecus vittifer

Blackburn T. 1903: 155