Carcinoplax polita Guinot, 1989

Ng, Peter K. L. & Castro, Peter, 2020, A revision of Carcinoplax abyssicola (Miers, 1885) and seven related species of Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, with the description of two new species and an updated key to the genus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Goneplacidae), Zoosystema 42 (17), pp. 239-284 : 265-268

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/zoosystema2020v42a17

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:52C73176-6867-4415-A6FA-BAD328E9781D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4525505

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038B3E2C-FF82-FF99-A75A-6B8CFE01B45A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Carcinoplax polita Guinot, 1989
status

 

Carcinoplax polita Guinot, 1989  

( Figs 16 View FIG A-H; 17 View FIG A-I; 24 View FIG I-O; 27 View FIG G, H)

Carcinoplax polita Guinot, 1989: 298   , figs 24, 37, pl. 8, figs E-H [type locality: southern Luzon, Philippines]. — Ng et al. 2008: 80 [in list].

Carcinoplax specularis   [part] – Castro 2007: 640 View Cited Treatment [ Taiwan, Philippines].

TYPE MATERIAL. — Holotype. South China Sea • ♂, 14.5 × 20.4 mm; MUSORSTOM 1, stn CP31; MNHN-IU-2008-10565 (= MNHN- B10140 View Materials ); allotype ♀, 12.5 × 16.9 mm; MNHN-IU-2008-10584 (= MNHN-B10543 ); paratype ♂, 9.2 × 12.2 mm; MNHN- IU-2008-10571 (= MNHN-B10268 ).  

TYPE LOCALITY. — South China Sea, Philippines, southern Luzon, 187- 195 m.

MATERIAL EXAMINED. — South China Sea • 1 ♀, 8.8 × 12.7 mm; NANHAI 2014, stn CP4116; 20°02.3211’N, 114°10.2157’E; 262-298 m depth; 11.I.2014; ZRC 2018.1428 View Materials GoogleMaps   1 ♀, 9.8 × 13.9 mm; DONGSHA 2014, stn CP4128, Dongsha Is, 20°44.857’N, 116°08.01’E; 420-444 m depth; 1.V.2014; ZRC 2018.1429 View Materials GoogleMaps   .

Philippines • 1 ♀, 8.7 × 12.4 mm; Bohol, Balicasag I., off Panglao I.; tangle nets of local fishermen; 9°31’00.2”N, 123°40’50.5”E; 2-700 m depth;. XII.2000; ZRC 2019.0565 View Materials GoogleMaps   2 ♂, 13.6 × 18.9 mm, 15.0 × 19.4 mm; same location as ZRC 2019.0565; 200-300 m depth;. I.2004; ZRC 2004.0805 View Materials GoogleMaps   1 ♂, 25-30; same location as ZRC 2019.0565;. VII.2006; ZRC 2019.0567 View Materials ex ZRC 2004.0730 View Materials (part) GoogleMaps   4 ♀, 11.6 ×15.6 to 16.0 × 22.4 mm, 5 ♂, 14.1 × 20.0 mm to 15.0 × 20.9 mm; same location as ZRC 2019.0565; 50-500 m depth; 2.III.2004; ZRC 2004.0727 View Materials GoogleMaps   1 ovigerous ♀, 15.4 × 21.4 mm, 1 ♀, 5 ♂, largest 17.8 × 24.5 mm; same location as ZRC 2019.0565; 50-500 m depth; 28.XI.2001; ZRC 2001.0540 View Materials GoogleMaps   1 ♀, 2 ♂; same location as ZRC 2019.0565; 50-500 m depth; 25-30 July. 2006; ZRC 2019.0566 View Materials , ex ZRC 2001.0845 View Materials (part) GoogleMaps   2 ♀, 2 ♂; same location as ZRC 2019.0565; coll. M. Takeda & H. Komatsu, II.2003; NSMT-Cr 15365 GoogleMaps   1 ♀, 12.8 × 17.8 mm; PANGLAO 2004, stn P1, tangle nets of local fishermen; 09°36’S, 123°45’E, 90-200 m depth; ZRC 2006.017 View Materials GoogleMaps   1 ♂, 14.5 × 20.0 mm; PANGLAO 2004, stn P4, 09°31’00.2”N, 123°40’50.5”E, tangle nets of local fishermen; 8.VI.2004; ZRC 2006.0173 View Materials GoogleMaps   1 ♂, 25.9 × 30.1 mm; AURORA 2007, stn CP2709, Luzon Sea ; 15°11.07’N, 121°34.72’E - 15°12.36’N, 121°34.02’E; 244-296 m depth; 28.V.2007; ZRC 2019.0545 View Materials GoogleMaps   .

Indonesia. 1 ♂, 6.5 × 7.9 mm; SJADES, stn CP34, E. Indian Ocean; 07°44.464’S, 107°39.018’E; 234-243 m depth; 29.III.2018; ZRC 2018.1417. GoogleMaps  

DIAGNOSIS. — Carapace ( Figs 16A, B View FIG ; 17A, B, E View FIG ; 27G, H View FIG ) quadrate, slightly wider than long (1.4 × wider than long in holotype); slightly convex, marked by two distinct transverse elevations across cardiac, gastric regions. Front ( Figs 16H View FIG ; 17B, C, F View FIG ) straight, no notch between front, inner edge of supraorbital border (slight notch in some specimens). Rounded, short tooth on outer orbital angle; margin between outer orbital tooth, anterolateral teeth distinctly granular; two slender, acute-tipped anterolateral teeth on each side of carapace, second tooth curved. Large, high granules on subhepatic, pterygostomial regions ( Figs 16C View FIG ; 17B, C, F View FIG ), particularly pronounced in pterygostomial crest, ridge; short granules on anterior (sometimes throughout) dorsal surface of carapace. Posterior margin of epistome ( Fig. 17B, C, F View FIG ) straight, notch on each lateral margin absent or slight. Distal fourth of fingers dark brown in females ( Fig. 17D, I View FIG ), males ( Fig. 16A, H View FIG ). “Window” not observed on cheliped propodi. Inner (ventral), distal margin of cheliped carpus ( Fig. 16E, F View FIG ) with acute, curved, triangular tooth typically accompanied by tooth-like tubercles along margin of carpus; outer, proximal margin with short tooth. P2-P5 ( Figs 16A View FIG ; 17D View FIG ; 27G, H View FIG ) moderately stout in appearance, P5 barely reaching tip of second anterolateral tooth. Male pleon proportionally narrow ( Fig. 16G View FIG ). G1 ( Fig. 24I, K View FIG , L-N; Guinot 1989: fig. 37A) slender, subconical, with tapering tip, sometimes elongated; scattered spinules; G2 ( Fig. 24J, O View FIG ; Guinot 1989: fig. 37B) slender, nearly equal or slightly longer than G1, straight flagellum, tip with two lateral spinules.

COLOUR IN LIFE. — Colours of the two photographed individuals ( Fig. 27G, H View FIG ) varies from orange to bright red-orange. Legs (P2-P5) are orange to red-orange with white proximal and distal portions.

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION. — Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines, and Indonesia (southern Java).

DEPTH. — Present in samples collected at depths of 200- 700 m.

REMARKS

The carapaces of two species ( C. polita   and C. jugum   n. sp.) are distinctive in that the gastric and cardiac regions are distinctively more swollen laterally, so much so that the dorsal surface appears gently corrugated, with a shallow but distinct transverse furrow between the regions ( Figs 16A, B View FIG ; 17A, B, E View FIG ; 27G, H View FIG ). This is particularly obvious when the surface is dried. While there is also a shallow groove between the gastric and cardiac regions in the other species, the conditions in C. polita   and C. jugum   n. sp. are unusual in that the groove is distinctly wider and more prominent. The chelipeds of these two species are also distinctive in that only the distal third or half of the fingers are pigmented, even in juveniles. Carcinoplax polita   is a very distinctive taxon in that it is the only member of this group of species that has an additional spine on the outer surface of the carpus of the cheliped ( Fig. 16E View FIG ). All other species, including C. jugum   n. sp., has a smooth and unarmed outer margin. The spine is always present, even if eroded, and occurs even in small specimens and females. In addition to the structure of the cheliped carpal spines, C. polita   is easily separated from C. jugum   n. sp. in that the margins between the outer orbital tooth and the anterolateral teeth are distinctly granular ( Fig. 17F View FIG ) (margins appear smooth in C. jugum   n. sp.; Fig. 21C View FIG ); the dorsal surface of the carapace is gently convex in frontal view ( Figs 16C View FIG ; 17B, F View FIG ) (more prominently inflated in C. jugum   n. sp.; Figs 21C View FIG ; 22C View FIG ); the posterior margin of the epistome with a prominent triangular median lobe and strongly concave lateral margins ( Fig. 17B, C, F View FIG ) (median lobe more obtuse, lower and the lateral margins distinctively v-shaped in C. jugum   n. sp.; Figs 21D View FIG ; 22D View FIG ); possessing a proportionally wider male pleon ( Fig. 16G View FIG ) than in C. jugum   n. sp. ( Fig. 21H View FIG ), and most significantly, the G1 has the distal part subconical in form with the tip tapering, sometimes elongated, and directed obliquely laterally ( Fig. 24I, K View FIG , L-N) (the distal part is more dilated, resembling a bird’s head with the tip never elongated and directed upwards in C. jugum   n. sp.; Fig. 25 View FIG Q-S).

Small but adult specimens of C. polita   (15-18 mm CL), including the holotype, have a G1 which is gently sinuous, with the distal part subconical in form and the tip tapering but short ( Fig. 24I, K View FIG ). In a very large specimen of C. polita   (25.9 × 30.1 mm, ZRC 2019.0545), the overall G1 is proportionately more slender than in smaller specimens, with the tip of the distal part prominently more elongated ( Fig. 24 View FIG L- N). This specimen, however, agrees in all other aspects with typical C. polita   , although that it has relatively larger granules on the carapace surface. These differences are likely to be associated with its large size.

ZRC

Zoological Reference Collection, National University of Singapore

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Goneplacidae

Genus

Carcinoplax

Loc

Carcinoplax polita Guinot, 1989

Ng, Peter K. L. & Castro, Peter 2020
2020
Loc

Carcinoplax specularis

CASTRO P. 2007: 640
2007
Loc

Carcinoplax polita

NG P. K. L. & GUINOT D. & DAVIE P. J. F. 2008: 80
GUINOT D. 1989: 298
1989