Prasmodon eminens Nixon,

Valerio, Alejandro A., Rodriguez, Josephine J., Whitfield, James B. & Janzen, Daniel H., 2005, Prasmodon zlotnicki, a new Neotropical species of the genus Prasmodon Nixon (Braconidae: Microgastrinae) from Costa Rica, with the first host records for the genus, Zootaxa 1016 (1), pp. 29-38: 35

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.1016.1.4

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scientific name

Prasmodon eminens Nixon


Prasmodon eminens Nixon  ( Figs. 1C, 1D, 1GView FIGURE 1, 2D, 2HView FIGURE 2, 3View FIGURE 3)

Rearing records. Specimens were reared from the following leaf­rolling and webbing caterpillars: Anarmodia nebulosalis  ( Crambidae  : Spilomelinae) feeding on Dendropanax arboreus  ( Araliaceae  ); Omiodes humeralis  ( Pyraustinae  : Crambidae  ) feeding on Inga oerstediana  ( Fabaceae  ); Portentomorpha xanthialis  ( Crambidae  : Spilomelinae) feeding on Margaritaria nobilis  ( Euphorbiaceae  ) and Parastenia retractalis (Hampson)  ( Crambidae  : Spilomelinae) feeding on an unidentified plant.

Related voucher codes: 02­SRNP­21137, 02­SRNP­6643, 02­SRNP­6645, 03­SRNP­ 8915, 03­SRNP­10289, 03­SRNP­10965, 04­SRNP­541, 02­SRNP­29656, 04­SRNP­ 25140, 04­SRNP­25148, 04­SRNP­25149, 04­SRNP­25159, 04­SRNP­25160, 04­SRNP­ 25165, 04­SRNP­25164, 04­SRNP­25166 and 04­SRNP­25167. These specimens are preserved in ethanol and refrigerated in the laboratory of J.B. Whitfield, or pinned dry at the Illinois Natural History Survey.

Collection localities in Costa Rica. i) Guanacaste: Area de Conservación Guanacaste: Del Oro, Quebrada Romero, Lat. 11.00519, Long. —85.47398, 490 m  , Col. R. Moraga ; Sector El Hacha, Finca Arraya, Lat. 11.01541, Long. —85.51125, 295 m, Col. D. Garcia.  ii) Alajuela, Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Rincón Rain forest : Sendero Anonas, Lat. 10.90528, Long. —85.27882, 405 m, Col. J. Pérez  ; San Lucas, Lat. 10.91847, Long. — 85.30338, 320 m, Col. J. Perez  ; Rincón Rainforest, Sendero Juntas, Lat. 10.90661, Long. —85.28784, 400 m, Col. M. Carmona  ; Sector   San Cristóbal, Sendero Soterrey, Lat. 10.90014, Long. —85.38284, 495 m, Col. O. Espinoza.  iii) Alajuela, Dos Ríos, San Gabriel, Finca San Gabriel , Lat. 10.87766, Long. —85.39343, 645 m, Col. G. Sihezar. 

Widely distributed in rain forest in northern South America and Central America. This species shows some regional morphological variation, and might well represent a complex of sibling species.


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile