Bromus rubens Linnaeus (1755: 5)

Saarela, Jeffery M., Peterson, Paul M. & Valdés-Reyna, Jesus, 2014, A taxonomic revision of Bromus (Poaceae: Pooideae: Bromeae) in México and Central America, Phytotaxa 185 (1), pp. 1-147: 122-127

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/phytotaxa.185.1.1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5156708

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0389862D-DE1F-0009-E3DB-F971E3EA1436

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Bromus rubens Linnaeus (1755: 5)
status

 

20. Bromus rubens Linnaeus (1755: 5)   . Figs. 64, 65.

Bromus madritensis subsp. rubens   (L.) Husnot (1899: 71). Festuca rubens   (L.) Persoon (1805: 94). Bromus scoparius var. rubens   (L.) Saint-Amans (1821: 45). Anisantha rubens   (L.) Nevski (1934: 19). Zerna rubens   (L.) Grossheim (1939: 306). Type:— SPAIN. habitat in Hispania, Loefling 84 (neotype LINN-93.28!, designated by Smith 1985: 500).

Plants annual. Culms 4.5–46 cm cm tall, 0.5–1.5(–3) mm wide at base, erect or ascending, pubescent below inflorescences; nodes 1–3, glabrous. Leaf sheaths densely pubescent to pilose, hairs up to 1 mm long; auricles absent; ligules 1.8–4 mm long, lacerate, glabrous, occassionally with a few hairs along the margin; collars pubescent or pilose; blades up to 12.5(–27) cm × (0.7–)2–4(–7) mm, flat, sometimes convolute, densely pubescent

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abaxially and adaxially, hairs up to 0.3 mm long, margins serrulate. Panicles 3.5–10 cm long including awns, (0.5–) 2–6 cm wide, erect, compact, obovoid, usually reddish-brown to purplish at maturity, sometimes reduced a single spikelet, branches erect to strongly ascending, 0.1–0.8 cm long, shorter than spikelets, pubescent, hairs up to 0.2 mm long, usually not readily visible, shortest branch on lowest inflorescence node ≤ 6 mm, longest branch on lowest node branched 2–5 times, internodes much reduced upwards. Spikelets 2–2.5 cm long (3–4 cm including awns), florets 4–11, linear-elliptic to cuneate, moderately laterally compressed, overlapping at maturity; glumes pubescent, hairs up to 0.3 mm long, occassionally glabrous, margins hyaline, 0.1–0.2 mm wide, midnerves glabrous proximally, scabrous distally, apices acute, sometimes acuminate; lower glumes 6–9.5 mm × 0.5–1 mm, 1-nerved, narrowly lanceolate, green to purple along nerve; upper glumes 9–12 mm long, lanceolate, 3-nerved, green to purple along and between nerves; lemmas 10–15 mm × 1.5–3 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, rounded over the backs, apices bidentate, teeth 1–3 mm long, 5–7-nerved, green to purple along and between nerves, scabrous or pubescent, hairs on back ca. 0.2 mm long, marginal hairs often longer, up to 0.6 mm long, margins hyaline, 0.2–0.4 mm wide; awns 8–21 mm long, inserted 1.5–4 mm below lemma apices, straight, slightly spreading at maturity, scabrous; paleas shorter and narrower than the lemmas, backs pubescent, keels ciliate, cilia 0.1–0.6 mm long; anthers 0.5–0.7 mm long; caryopses 8−10 mm long. 2 n = 4 x = 28 ( Sánchez Anta et al. 1988, Vogt & Aparicio 1999, Sheidai & Fadaei 2005).

Distribution: —Introduced. Bromus rubens   is known only from northern Baja California and northwestern Sonora in México ( Fig. 66). In the United States it occurs in California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, New México, Utah and Texas ( Pavlick et al. 2007, Salo 2005). Native to Europe.

Salo (2005) traced the origins and spread of B. rubens   (as B. madritensis subsp. rubens   ) in North America. The first record of the taxon in México was collected on Guadalupe Island in 1931–1932 (Howell 8280, not seen) ( Howell 1942). It was first collected on mainland Baja California in 1956 (Howell s.n., ARIZ-169348) ( Salo 2005), and was first collected in Sonora in the early 1980s ( Felger 2000, Salo 2005). The species is expanding in Sonora, particularly in the Sierra Pinacate, and is now common in northern Sonora east of Pinacate Peak ( Felger 2000). Bromus rubens   is outcompeting B. berteroanus   in the Sierra Pinacate ( Felger 2000).

Ecology:— Disturbed habitats along drainages, flats and slopes; natural habitats in the Sierra Pinacata at higher elevations ( Felger 2000). Elevation: 0–1325 m.

Common Names: ―Red brome, foxtail brome, foxtail chess (English); bromo rojo (Spanish).

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Comments: —See discussion under B. madritensis   .

Specimens Examined:— MÉXICO. Baja California: 4–6 mi Nof El Rosario , [30.05°N, 115.7167°W], 1 March 1987, R GoogleMaps   . Perrill 5762 ( ANSM, ARIZ-281950); near La Misión , [32.0928°N, 116.8522°W], 28 April 1981, A. A GoogleMaps   . Beetle & R   . Alcarus M-6751 ( ANSM, ARIZ-230436); Punta Banda, [31.8°N, 116.5833°W], 15 km al GoogleMaps   Sde Ensenada , 25 April 1986, J. L   . Elizondo 316 ( ANSM, ARIZ-284704); BajaMarch   entre La Misión y Ensenada , 28 April 1981, A. A   . Beetle & R   . Alcaraz M-6568 ( ANSM, ARIZ-230430)   ; 2.5 km Sof El Condor , 32.4417°N, 116.1583°W, 1300 m, 26 May 1979, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 27334 ( SD-103404)   ; 3 mi Eof Los Héroes de la Independencia, on road from Ensenada to San Felipe, [32.49°N, 116.87°W], 1040 m, 17 May 1979, J. R GoogleMaps   . Reeder & C. G   . Reeder 7203 ( ARIZ-216255, SD-116087)   ; 4 mi Sof Tijuana , [32.49°N, 116.95°W], 13 March 1956, J. T GoogleMaps   . Howell 30929 ( ARIZ- 169348, SD-72023); 400 yards downstream from Gilberto Castro's house, in canyon draining Santa Catarina Spring   , 64 mi SE of Ensenada, [31.09°N, 116.18°W], 3700 ft [1128 m], 20 May 1961 ( MEXU); a 10 km de Santa Verónica hacia Ojos Negros, [32.47°N, 116.37°W], 930 m, 26 May 1996, Jaramillo V GoogleMaps   ., Villegas G   . & Domínguez O   . 31 ( MEXU); Agua Colorado   , 1 mi NE of Santa Catarina, 64 mi SE of Ensenada , 31.63°N, 115.79°W, 1181 m, 22 April 1962, R. E GoogleMaps   . Broder 693 ( US-2523566); Aguaje Vargas, Isla de Cedros , [28.19°N, 115.21°W], 600 m, 24 June 1977, L. M GoogleMaps   . Villareal de Puga , 10643 ( MEXU); along highway   Sof Rosarito , 32.3333°N, 117.0333°W, 10 m, 12 April 1980, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 28182 ( SD-104985); along the highway ca   . 10 mi SE of El Rosario , 30.05°N, 115.55°W, 14 February 1988, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 7648 ( SD-129163); Arroyo de Agua Caliente , 32.11°N, 116.4°W, 1 May 1981, R GoogleMaps   . Guzmán 1341-b ( MEXU); Arroyo de Colonet , [30.97°N, 116.33°W], 5 May 1981, M GoogleMaps   . Montoya & V   . Morales 240 ( MEXU); Arroyo Nueva York just below the old ranch site, 30.7167°N, 115.7167°W, 485 m, 22 April 1975, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 21916 ( SD-91210); Arroyo Santa Catarina 5 mi from the mouth, 29.5833°N, 115.2333°W, 75 m, 27 March 1970, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 16990 ( SD-76754); at Wbase   of Cerro Piñon, 3 mi Nof El Álamo , 31.6333°N, 116.0333°W, 1175 m, 29 May 1970, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 17629 ( SD-75040); ca   . 1 mi Nof Camalú , 30.88°N, 116.0667°W, 120 m, 26 March 1979, J. R GoogleMaps   . Reeder & C. G   . Reeder 7117 ( ARIZ-215925, US-2861058, MEXU, SD-116064); ca   . 23 mi Sof Tecate , 32.24°N, 116.6333°W, 23 March 1974, J GoogleMaps   . Taylor & C   . Taylor 15619 ( MO, NY, US-2914792); camino   entre El Sauzal y San Antonio de las Minas, al   Nde Ensenada , [31.99°N, 116.58°W], 28 April 1981, R GoogleMaps   . Guzmán M   . 1213 ( MEXU); Cañón de Guadalupe , 32.15°N, 115.81°W, ca. 500 m, 23 March 1986, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne , S   . Boyd et al. 61788 ( RSA-POM-349192); Cañón el Saladito   , 14 km SE of San Vicente , 31.2458°N, 116.1333°W, 170 m, 11 April 1982, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 30363 ( SD-110844); Cedros Island, Cerro de Cedros , 28.15°N, 115.2167°W, 1050 m, 16 April 1983, T GoogleMaps   . Oberbauer , H   . Wier & E   . Wier 48 ( SD-127653); Cedros Island , Sslope GoogleMaps     of Cedros Mountain   GoogleMaps , 28.1333°N, 115.2167°W, 1000 m, 15 April 1963, R. Moran 10624 ( SD-53994); Cerro Bola , [32.3167°N, 115.82°W], 1275 m, 14 March 1987, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne , A   . Liston & O   . Mistretta 62138 ( RSA-POM-431268); City of Ensenada , 31.8758°N, 116.6131°W, 3 April 2007, F GoogleMaps   . Casillas 82 ( SD-182572); Ejido Reforma Agraria Integral, 29 April 1994, Jaramillo V   ., Villegas G   . & Miranda 948 ( ANSM, MEXU); El Rosario Mesa, [32.5°N, 116.87°W] GoogleMaps   , 2.5 mi Nof El Rosario , near airfield, 16 March 1985, J   . Hoffman s.n. ( ARIZ-253838, MSC-291335); Guadalupe Island , canyon mouth ca. 3 mi Sof   NE Anchorage , 29.1083°N, 118.275°W, 5 m, 18 April 1957, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 5976 ( MEXU, SD-47199); Guadalupe Island , [29.04°N, 118.34°W], 5 June 1983, A. E GoogleMaps   . Meling L   . 43 ( SD-119455); Guadalupe Island , [29.04°N, 118.34°W], April 1982, A. E GoogleMaps   . Meling L   . 1 ( SD-119460); Guadalupe Island , [29.04°N, 118.34°W], ca. 1000 m, 28 March 1988, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne 63057 ( RSA-POM-494579); Guadalupe Island , [29.04°N, 118.34°W], July 1983, A. E GoogleMaps   . Meling L. ( SD-119438); Guadalupe Island , 29.1181°N, 118.3181°W, 1000 m, 28 March 1988, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne 63057 ( MEXU); Guadalupe Island , Campamento bosque, [29.04°N, 118.34°W], 27 March 1982, A. E GoogleMaps   . Meling L   . 38 ( SD-119489); Guadalupe Island, mouth of Long Canyon , 29.0083°N, 118.2333°W, 50 m, 16 April 1970, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 17363 ( SD-74766); Guadalupe Island , NE   ridge, 29.175°N, 118.2833°W, 550 m, 12 April 1970, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 17278 ( SD-74773); Guadalupe Island, North Twin Canyon , [29.04°N, 118.34°W], 24 April 1958, I. L GoogleMaps   . Wiggins & W. R   . Ernst 76 ( GH); Guadalupe Island   , Sof Oak Canyon , [29.04°N, 118.34°W], 850 m, 1 March 1965, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 12026 ( RSA-POM-172519, US-2461506, SD-59964); head of San Matías Pass   , Nof Hwy. 3, [31.3°N, 115.51°W], ca. 920 m, 19 April 1985, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne & D. Charlton 60098 ( RSA-POM-351834); La Concepción, [31.0167°N, 115.6167°W], 1600 m, 31 May 1968, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 15008 ( MEXU); La Huerta, Sierra Juárez, 31.9333°N, 116.1333°W, 950 m, 1 September 1969, L GoogleMaps   . Hinton 1 ( SD-75204); La Misión   , between Ensenada and Tijuana , in arroyo bottom along Sside GoogleMaps     of river, 32.0908°N, 116.8767°W, 10 m, 18 April 1998, J. Rebman , P   . Flanagan & La Misión Community Group 5093 ( SD-144707); Laguna Hanson, Constitución National Park, Sierra de Juárez , [31.97°N, 115.84°W], 1610–1625 m, 28 May 1983, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne , W   . Wisura , W   . Steinmetz et al. 55765 ( RSA-POM- 310490); Las Chichihuas   , 14 km SE of La Misión , 32.0083°N, 116.75°W, 350 m, 14 March 1979, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 26739

ATAXONOMIC REVISION OF BROMUS (POACEAE)  

Phytotaxa 185 (1) © 2014 Magnolia Press 125 ( SD-101889); Los Coronados Islands, on NE   slope above Hotel Cove , S   Island, 32.5792°N, 117.2458°W, 100 m, 7 May 1976, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 23106 ( SD-95655); mesa near canyon rim SE of La Misión, 32.075°N, 116.8333°W, 250 m, 20 April 1969, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 1578 7 ( SD-71489); mouth of arroyo ca. 2 mi NE of Yubay, 29.2167°N, 114.0167°W, 775 m, 19 April 1973, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 20578 ( SD-87141); Mpio. Ensenada, "Llano Colorado" km 77 carretera Ensenada-San Felipe, [31.68°N, 115.93°W], 1160 m, 15 May 1997, L GoogleMaps   . Aragón M   . 570 ( MEXU); Mpio. Ensenada , 1.5–2.5 mi upstream from Rincon, 4.5 mi NE of Santa Catarina, 64 mi SE of Ensenada, 31.67°N, 115.76°W, 1250 m, 22 April 1962, R. E GoogleMaps   . Broder 705 ( US-2523567); Mpio. Ensenada , 400 yds downstream from Gilberto Castro's house, in canyon draining Santa Catarina Spring, Santa Catarina, 31.6167°N, 115.8°W, 64 m, 1128 m, 20 May 1961, R. E GoogleMaps   . Broder 423 ( US-2523565); Mpio. Ensenada , El Tigre, en el km 30 de la carretera libre Ensenada-Tijuana, 32°N, 116.86°W, 400 m, 12 March 1987, L GoogleMaps   . Elena López 19 ( MEXU); Mpio. Ensenada, en el km 46 de la carretera Ensenada-San Felipe, Ejido Real del Castillo Nuev., [31.87°N, 116.14°W], 800 m, 18 March 1987, L GoogleMaps   . Elena López 33 ( MEXU); Mpio. Ensenada , NE of Mission San Fernando Velicata, Wof Progreso, 29.9733°N, 115.2178°W, 600 m, 12 February 1998, T. R GoogleMaps   . Devender , M. C   . Penalba , J. L   . Betancourt , S. H   . Bullock 98-70 ( MEXU); Mpio. Ensenada, Rancho El Potrero, 40 km al SW de el Observatorio de San Pedro Mártir, 30.9°N, 115.65°W, 1050 m, 1 May 1987, P GoogleMaps   . Tenorio L. & C   . Romero de T   . 13236 ( MEXU); Mpio. Ensenada , Rancho La Concepción, 33 km al SW de el Observatorio San Pedro Mártir, 31.05°N, 115.6167°W, 1300 m, 30 April 1987, P GoogleMaps   . Tenorio L. & C   . Romero T   . 13169 ( MEXU); Mpio. Ensenada , Sierra de Juárez, 32.4578°N, 116.5439°W, 12 May 1997, M. A GoogleMaps   . Vergara B   . 93 ( MEXU); Mpio. Ensenada , Sur de San Quintín, 30.56°N, 115.94°W, 0 m, s. d., Espejel I GoogleMaps   . & Andrade N   . 778 ( MEXU); Mpio. Tecate , Santa Verónica, [32.47°N, 116.37°W], 930 m, 26 May 1993, Jaramillo V GoogleMaps   ., Villegas G   . & Domínguez O   . 19 (MEXU); Nslope just below summit of Cerro Jamau, 31.5667°N, 115.5917°W, 1890 m, 23 May 1976, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 23256 ( SD-95106); near Descanso, [32.02°N, 116.89°W], 24 March 1982, E. A GoogleMaps   . Purer 2559 ( SD-39687); NW   ridge of Cerro San Juan de Dios , 30.15°N, 115.15°W, 900 m, 30 April 1973, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 20621 ( SD-87050); Rancho (solo) Sierra Blanca, Sierra Blanca, 32.075°N, 116.525°W, 675 m, 15 May 1976, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 23179 ( SD-94909); Rancho Meling , Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, [30.85°N, 115.29°W], 940 m, 27 May 1993, Jaramillo V GoogleMaps   ., Villegas G., O   . Domínguez et al. 66 ( MEXU); S   Island fide E. R. B   , along foot trail on rocky slope near center of island, 200 m, 14 March 1964, E. R   . Blakey 6440 ( SD-61784) & 6452 ( SD-61792); Sof Decanso, [32.02°N, 116.89°W], 24 March 1932, E GoogleMaps   . Purer & F   . Detmers 15061 ( RSA-POM-364165); Sof Descanso, [32.02°N, 116.89°W], 24 March 1932, E. A GoogleMaps   . Purer 2664 ( SD-39689); Sof Ensenada, 31.81°N, 116.6°W, 25 March 1937, E. A GoogleMaps   . Purer 7166 ( SD-39688); San Isidoro, 30.7667°N, 115.5333°W, 900 m, 2 June 1975, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 22228 ( MEXU, SD-91724   ; San Martín Island , 30.4833°N, 116.1083°W, 10 m, 11 April 1963, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 10544 ( SD- 54258, US-2545381); Sierra La Asamblea , heading in from El Crucero off Hwy. 1, 13.5 mi Nof GoogleMaps     junction with main rd to Bahia de Los Angeles   GoogleMaps , in cyn SE side of Cerro La Gobernadora, [31.98°N, 116.56°W], 700–1100 m, 30 March 1991, S. Boyd & T   . Ross 5593 ( RSA-POM-575640); Sierra San Pedro Mártir, La Concepcion, 31.0167°N, 115.6167°W, 1600 m, 31 May 1968, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 15008 ( SD-69301, US-2597942); Sierra San Pedro Mártir, near La Corona de Abajo, 0.75 mi up main road from entrance gate, [31.0167°N, 115.6167°W], 2100 m, 20 July 1988, S GoogleMaps   . Boyd & T   . Ross 2769 ( RSA-POM-519443); slopes of Cañón de Guadalupe, [32.15°N, 115.81°W], ca. 350–600 m, 18–19 February 1984, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne , W   . Wisura & A   . Romsport 57819 ( RSA-POM-331338); sumitt of Cerro Martomi, [30.3667°N, 114.99°W], 1600 m, 3 May 1973, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 20753 ( RSA-POM-262021, SD-87021); Tecate, 1 km Sof Cerro Monje and 12 km SW of La Rumorosa, 32.4667°N, 116.1167°W, 1325 m, 8 May 1982, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 30621 ( SD-110814); Tecate, 4 km NE of Jacomún, 32.5167°N, 116.2833°W, 840 m, 14 May 1977, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 24022 ( SD-97121); Tecate, 5 km Wof La Rumorosa, 32.55°N, 116.1°W, 1325 m, 15 May 1977, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 24087 ( SD-97109); Tinajas de Moraga, SE base of Cerro Matomí, 30.3667°N, 115.1167°W, 1150 m, 2 May 1973, R GoogleMaps   . Moran 20705 ( ARIZ-203760, SD-87020); Yubay Mesa area, [29.19°N, 113.86°W], 22 March 1990, D. Harder & W GoogleMaps   . Appleby 1046 ( MO, RSA-POM-552983); 2 mi Nof El Rosario, [30.08°N, 115.78°W], 180 m, 6 February 1977, J. R GoogleMaps   . Reeder & C. G   . Reeder 6817 ( ARIZ-208289, MEXU); Rancho Meling , Sierra de Pedro Mártir, [31.0372°N, 115.4542°W], 940 m, 27 May 1993, Jaramillo V GoogleMaps   ., Villegas G   . & Domínguez O   . 61 ( MEXU); Vallede Ojos Negros , 32.45°N, 116.98°W, 980 m, 26 May 1993, Jaramillo V GoogleMaps   ., Villegas G   ., Domínguez O   . 36 ( MEXU); Islas de Todos Santos , S   island, [31.81°N, 116.8°W], ca. 15 m, 15 March 1980, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne , W   . Wisura, D. Michener et al. 53918 ( RSA-POM-306982, SD-121193); near San Vicinte, [29.93°N, 115.48°W], 17 April 1925, M. E GoogleMaps   . Jones s.n. (RSA- POM-114181); San Martín Island, 3 mi off the cinder cones of San Quintín, [30.4833°N, 116.11°W], ca. 10 m, 21 February 1986, R. F GoogleMaps   . Thorne 61582 ( MEXU, RSA-POM-349692); Arroyo Amargo at Pacific coast, 14.5 km N   , 30.306°N, 114.8667°W, 6.8 km Wof El Rosario , 10 m, T. L GoogleMaps   . Burgess & T. R   . Van Devender   7628 ( NY); Hwy. 10 mi  

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Nof Ensenada (6 mi Nof El Sauzal), [31.17°N, 115.8683°W], 5 April 1961, P. C GoogleMaps   . Fisher , R. H   . Hevly & M   . Pitman 340 ( ARIZ-155887); Mpio. Tijuana, La Presa , [32.0853°N, 115.8397°W], 50 m, 20 April 1979, J GoogleMaps   . Delgadillo 10398 ( ARIZ-220976); Isla de Cedros , Aguaje de Vargas, [28.0317°N, 114.9589°W], 550 m, 21 June 1977, C. L GoogleMaps   . Diaz Luna 7932 ( ARIZ-221308)   ; 16 km WNW of Santa Cecilia , 548 m, 15 June 1980, J. R   . Reeder & C. G   . Reeder 7267 ( ARIZ-224187)   ; 3 mi Wof La Rumorosa , 32.1028°N, 115.9775°W, 1 April 1961, P GoogleMaps   . Fischer , M   . Pitman & R. H   . Hevly 2038 ( ARIZ-235713); Arroyo Palmerito at México Hwy. 1   , 1.9 mi NW of Catavina , 29.73333°N, 114.7333°W, ca. 550 m, 17 March 1991, T. R. & R. K GoogleMaps   . Van Devender, T.L. Burgess, E.M. Clark, R.J. Rondeau & J.F. Wiens   91-414 ( ARIZ-291710); Punta Banda, exposed flat on top of ridge on Pico Banda above Ensenada Bay , 37.7417°N, 116.728°W, 300 m, 6 March 1992, T. R. & R. K GoogleMaps   . Van Devender & E. Mellink   92-320 ( ARIZ-303224). Baja California Sur: Escondido Spring , [25.8106°N, 111.3078°W], 31 March 1936, C. F GoogleMaps   . Harbison ( SD-14865); Todos Santos del Sur   , Sof Landing Cove , [23.4486°N, 110.2233°W], 25 August 1968, R. N GoogleMaps   . Philbrick & M. R   . Benedict B68-482   b ( RSA-POM-638841). Sonora: 8 km on MEX Hwy. 2   Wof Río Sonoyta bridge at Sonoyta , 31.8958°N, 112.8708°W, 405 m, 3 March 1992, R. S GoogleMaps   . Felger & K   . Cliffton 92-142 ( ARIZ-300134, MEXU); Pinacate region   , 1.1 km Nof Pinacate Peak , 31.7847°N, 113.4903°W, 930 m 13 October 1986, R. S GoogleMaps   . Felger & G. E   . Joseph 86-428 ( MEXU); Pinacate region , ca   . 1.2 km Nof Pinacate Peak , 1 March 1987, [31.7667°N, 113.4903°W], 960 m, R. S GoogleMaps   . Felger & C   . Baker 87-44 ( ARIZ-269899, MEXU, MSC, RSA-POM-444058); Puerto Peñasco , Nslope GoogleMaps     of Pinacate Peak   GoogleMaps , [31.7667°N, 113.51°W], 750 m, 24 March 1970, R.S. Felger 19471 ( ARIZ- 357953, SD-179378); summit of Pinacate Peak , [31.7667°N, 113.49°W], ca. 1250 m, 1 March 1987, R. S GoogleMaps   . Felger , C   . Baker & G   . Joseph 87-53 ( ARIZ-269901, MEXU, MSC-265391); Mpio. de Altar , NE   Sierra El Humo, 10 km (by air)   Sof Rancho San Joaquín , ca. 42 km (by air)   WSW of El Sasabe , 31.25 N, 111.964 W, 1144 m, 7 May 2005, T. R GoogleMaps   . Van Devender, A.L. Reina G., A. Flesch & S. Jacogs 2005   -836 (ASU-0010742); Pinacate region , ca   . 2 km Eof Crater Salvatierra , 3 April 1983, E   . Ezcurra s.n. ( ARIZ-270774); Pinacate Region, Sierra Pinacate , ca. 1100 m, 5 October 1981, E   . Ezcurra , M   . Equihua & J   . López-Portillo s.n. ( ARIZ-270775); El Papalote   , 11.3 mi Wof Sonoyta on MEX Hwy. 2 (directly Sof Aguajita Spring ), [31.1675°N, 112.9933°W], 20 February 1988, R. S GoogleMaps   . Felger & C   . Baker 88-25 ( ARIZ-287605); Arroyo Guadalupe. Rancho Puerta Blanca ( Cuenca Los Ojos Reserve ), ca   . 40 km E of Agua Prieta , 31.3125°N, 109.11°W, 2 April 2007, A. L GoogleMaps   . Reina G., T. R   . Van Devender, J.F. Wiens & J. Moore 2007   -337 ( ARIZ-385379); 41.3 km (by air)   Eof Agua Prieta, along MEX 2, Cuenca Los Ojos Foundation property, 31.3194°N, 109.0833°W, 1323 m, 19 May 2010, T. R GoogleMaps   . Van Devender   & A.L. Reina-G. 2010-578 ( ARIZ- 406206)   .

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Nof

Nanjing University

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

ANSM

Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

Sde

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

J

University of the Witwatersrand

L

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch

Sof

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

Eof

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

C

University of Copenhagen

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

MEXU

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

O

Botanical Museum - University of Oslo

NE

University of New England

E

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

Wbase

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

MO

Missouri Botanical Garden

NY

William and Lynda Steere Herbarium of the New York Botanical Garden

Nde

Nanjing University

F

Field Museum of Natural History, Botany Department

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

H

University of Helsinki

Sslope

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

I

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

GH

Harvard University - Gray Herbarium

Sside

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

Wof

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

B

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet

N

Nanjing University

Nslope

Nanjing University

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

MSC

Michigan State University

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Liliopsida

Order

Poales

Family

Poaceae

Genus

Bromus

Loc

Bromus rubens Linnaeus (1755: 5)

Saarela, Jeffery M., Peterson, Paul M. & Valdés-Reyna, Jesus 2014
2014
Loc

Bromus madritensis subsp. rubens

Smith, P. M. 1985: 500
Grossheim, A. A. 1939: 306
Nevski, S. A. 1934: 19
Husnot, P. T. 1899: 71
Saint-Amans, J. F. B. 1821: 45
Persoon, C. H. 1805: 94
1899