Mallochia aurantia ( Santos & Aguiar, 2008 ), Supeleto & Santos & Aguiar, 2019

Supeleto, Fernanda A., Santos, Bernardo F. & Aguiar, Alexandre P., 2019, Revision of Distictus Townes, 1966 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with descriptions of ten new species, European Journal of Taxonomy 542, pp. 1-64: 8-9

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2019.542

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3539B76F-619A-4863-997B-A449BE1BD352

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03894A65-580D-FFD0-54AB-B35D2F6FFB6B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Mallochia aurantia ( Santos & Aguiar, 2008 )
status

comb. nov.

Mallochia aurantia ( Santos & Aguiar, 2008)   comb. nov.

Distictus aurantium Santos &Aguiar, 2008: 36–39   . Original description, figure, phylogenetic assessment.

Distictus aurantius – Yu et al. 2012   . Listed, specific epithet changed.

Comments

The considerable differences between the type species Distictus tibialis   and D. aurantium Santos & Aguiar   have already been stressed in Santos & Aguiar (2008: 32, 38). Those differences prompted the authors to include both species in a phylogenetic analysis based on 65 morphological characters, including 19 outgroup taxa, mostly from the group the genus was supposed to belong to, the subtribe Gabuniina   ( Gabunia   genus group sensu Santos 2017). The two species were recovered as sister groups and hence classified within the same genus. However, examination of further comparative material of Distictus   and Mallochia   shows that several species of the latter genus show character states similar to species of Distictus   (see ‘Comments’ section for the genus above). The characters that consistently separate the two genera are precisely those that set D. aurantium   apart from the other species of the genus, such as T 1 without anterolateral tooth, fore wing crossvein 3r-m absent and vein 2Cua <0.60 × as long as crossvein 2cu-a. In fact, the species is quite similar to specimens of the Nearctic Mallochia strigosa (Cresson, 1872)   . Hence, Distictus aurantium   is hereby transferred to Mallochia   .

Nomenclature

Yu et al. (2012) changed the neutral specific epithet aurantium   to the masculine aurantius   , to match Distictus   , which is masculine. The ICZN (1999) states, in Article 34.2.1, that “ If a species-group name is a noun in apposition its ending need not agree in gender with the generic name with which it is combined and must not be changed to agree in gender with the generic name ”. The epithet was originally intended as a name in aposition, but this was not stated, making the emendation to aurantius   acceptable. In an equivalent action, the epithet is now changed to aurantia   to match Mallochia   , which is feminine.

Material examined

Total of 13 specimens, 4 ♀♀ and 9 ♂♂.

Holotype

BRAZIL – Espírito Santo State • ♀; Santa Maria de Jetibá, Fazenda Clarindo Krüger ; 29 Nov.– 6 Dec. 2002; MTTavares, C. O. Azevedo exped.; Malaise trap; Pt. B 6; UFES.  

Paratypes

BRAZIL – Espírito Santo State • 1 ♀; Fazenda Paulo Seick, Área 1; 3– 10 Dec. 2004; M. T. Tavares exped.; Pt. B 3; UFES   1 ♂; Domingos Martins, Mata Pico do Eldorado ; 3– 10 Dec. 2004; M. T. Tavares exped.; Malaise trap; Pt. T 4; UFES   1 ♂; Santa Teresa, Estação Biológica Santa Lúcia ; 9– 13 May 2006; M. T. Tavares exped.; Malaise trap; Pt. B 1; UFES   2 ♂♂; Conceição do Castelo, Ribeirão do Meio ; 17– 24 Mar. 2007; A. P. Aguiar exped.; near lagoon; Malaise trap; UFES   2 ♂♂; Domingos Martins, Mata Pico do Eldorado ; 3– 10 Dec. 2004; M. T. Tavares exped.; Pt. T 6; UFES   .

URUGUAY • 2 ♂♂; 40 km NW of Tacuarembó; 2– 9 Feb. 1963; J. K. Bouseman leg.; AMNH   .

Other material

ARGENTINA • 1 ♀; Misiones, Mado, Puerto Magdalena ; 22 Oct. 1964; A. Kovac leg.; AMNH   1 ♀; Salta, El Alisal , 45 km W of Salta; alt. 1950 m; 1– 29 Dec. 1987; S. Peck and J. Peck leg.; USUC   .

BRAZIL – Bahia State • 1 ♂; Ilhéus, Fazenda São José; 9 Dec. 2003; J. Cardoso and J. Maia leg.; Malaise trap; Pt. 2; UFES   .

Distribution records

Brazil ( BA, ES), Argentina, Uruguay.

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

C

University of Copenhagen

O

Botanical Museum - University of Oslo

B

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet

UFES

Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

J

University of the Witwatersrand

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

BA

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Ichneumonidae

Genus

Mallochia

Loc

Mallochia aurantia ( Santos & Aguiar, 2008 )

Supeleto, Fernanda A., Santos, Bernardo F. & Aguiar, Alexandre P. 2019
2019
Loc

Distictus aurantius –

Yu 2012
2012
Loc

Distictus aurantium Santos &Aguiar, 2008: 36–39

Santos & Aguiar 2008: 36
2008
Loc

aurantium Santos &Aguiar, 2008: 36–39

Santos & Aguiar 2008: 36
2008