Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy, Gaimard, 1824),

Ota, Renata Rúbia, Deprá, Gabriel de Carvalho, Graça, Weferson Júnio da & Pavanelli, Carla Simone, 2018, Peixes da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná e áreas adjacentes: revised, annotated and updated, Neotropical Ichthyology 16 (2), pp. 1-111: 96

publication ID 10.1590/1982-0224-20170094


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Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy, Gaimard, 1824)


Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy, Gaimard, 1824) 

Fig. 35View Fig

Body deep; greatest depth contained 2.2 to 2.5 times in SL; head length 2.4 to 3.1 in SL; snout length 1.7 to 2.4, horizontal orbital diameter 2.9 to 4.7 and least interorbital width 2.7 to 3.2 in HL. Mouth terminal; premaxilla with 2 or 3 and dentary with 2 to 4 teeth rows. Upper lateral line with 17-19 pored scales, lower lateral line with 10-14 pored scales, and longitudinal series with 24-27 scales. Transversal series above upper lateral line with 4 scale rows and below lower lateral line with 5 scale rows. Dorsal fin with XVI- XVII,10-13, pectoral fin with 14 or 15, pelvic fin with I,5 and anal fin with III,7-10 rays. Ground color iridescent green; conspicuous dark-brown rounded blotch on flank; sometimes longitudinal rows of bluish spots on flank. Yellowish-red fins, with white small spots ( Graça, Pavanelli, 2007).

Maximum standard length. 175.0 mm ( Graça, Pavanelli, 2007).

Distribution. Coastal drainages of Eastern and Southern Brazil, río Uruguay basin and upper rio Paraná floodplain.