Linothele curvitarsis Karsch, 1879

Drolshagen, Bastian & Bäckstam, Christian M., 2021, A taxonomic review of the mygalomorph spider genus Linothele Karsch, 1879 (Araneae, Dipluridae), Zoosystema 43 (10), pp. 163-196 : 171-174

publication ID 10.5252/zoosystema2021v43a10

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Linothele curvitarsis Karsch, 1879


Linothele curvitarsis Karsch, 1879 View in CoL

( Figs 6 View FIG ; 17 View FIG A-E; 19 View FIG A, B)

Linothele curvitarsus Karsch, 1879: 546 . — Raven 1985: 74, 75.

Diplura soricina Simon, 1889b: 189 . n. syn.

Linothele soricina View in CoL – Raven 1985: 74. — Dupérré & Tapia 2021: 268 View Cited Treatment .

TYPE MATERIAL. — Linothele curvitarsis : Holotype. Venezuela • indet.; Caracas ; Golmer leg.; ZMB Arach-458 and Arach-458a (preparation of tarsal claw) examined.

Diplura soricina : Lectotypes (as designated by Dupérré & Tapia 2021). Venezuela • 1 ♂, 4 ♀, 2 undet.; Caracas , Colonie Tovar and San Esteban ; M. E. Simon leg.; MNHN ( 339 ) examined .

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED. — Venezuela • 1 ♀ *; near Choroni ; 2006; D. Reimann leg.; NHRS-KASI 000000033 3 ♂ F1, 1 undet. F1; same data as for preceding; NHRS-KASI 000000032 1 ♂ F2, 1 ♀ F2; same data as for preceding; SMNK .

TYPE LOCALITY. — Caracas, Venezuela.

DISTRIBUTION. — San Esteban to Caracas, Venezuela.

DIAGNOSIS. — Males and females of Linothele curvitarsis can be distinguished from those of most other species of Linothele by their flexible apical segments of the PLS ( Fig. 6E View FIG ) and the presence of a mid-dorsal pattern on the opisthosoma ( Figs 17A, B, D, E View FIG ; 19A, B View FIG ). Males furthermore differ from those of L. sericata by their emboli bearing no keel ( Fig. 6A, B View FIG ). Females of L. curvitarsis can be distinguished from females of L. paulistana by the presence of maxillary cuspules ( Fig. 6G View FIG ) and from those of L. sericata by their spermathecae stalks bearing several distal vesicles ( Fig. 6H, I View FIG ).


Male (after male type of D. soricina )

CL = 7.4. CT = 12. MC = 19-27. Colouration in alcohol: Prosoma, chelicerae, legs and pedipalps brown; opisthosoma with distinct pattern, mid-dorsally consisting of quadrate spots anteriorly, which become more rectangular posteriorly, or can be interconnected, forming longitudinal lines, laterally with several spots, ventrally with longitudinal lines and spots; maculae absent. Clypeus: narrow. Leg formula: 4123. Preening-combs absent. Leg tarsi pseudo-segmented. Spinnerets: apical segments of the PLS flexible. Palpal organ: [(PL*100)/BD = 271], see Figure 6A, B View FIG . Megaspine and MP: [(IML*100)/MAD = 263], see Figure 6C, D View FIG .


CL = 7.1-9.6. CT = 10-12. MC = 19-31. Colouration alive ( Fig. 19B View FIG ): As in alcohol, but carapace covered with golden setae and patterns more distinct. [PL(100)/BD = 250-271]. [(IML*100)/MAD = 300-383].


Colouration ( Figs 17 View FIG A-E; 19A): as for male. Clypeus: narrow, see Figure 6F View FIG .Sternum, labium and maxillae: see Figure 6G View FIG . Leg formula: 4123. Scopula divided, see Figure 5A, B View FIG . Preeningcombs absent. Leg tarsi pseudo-segmented. Spinnerets: apical segments of the PLS flexible, see Figure 6E View FIG . Spermathecae: consisting of two retrolaterally bent stalks bearing several vesicles at 1:5A, see Figure 6H, I View FIG .


CL = 8.1-10.2. CT = 11-14. MC = 25-34.


The type of Linothele curvitarsis is accompanied by a preparation of the epigastrium with no detectable spermatheca. Linothele soricina is recognized a junior synonym of L. curvitarsis on account of flexible apical segments of the PLS, the distinct pattern of immatures and females on opisthosoma, and its type locality which is partly consistent with the type locality of L. curvitarsis . Dupérré & Tapia (2021) designated a male lectotype and a single female paralectotype. Following ICZN 74.1.3 all specimens of the syntype collection, except for the lectotype, are to be considered paralectotypes.

A juvenile (F1) in NHRS was examined: CL = 7.9. CT = 9-10. MC = 18-20. As this specimen is clearly conspecific to other specimens in NHRS, we were able to observe the maximum range of variability for CT (± 5). The immature holotype of L. curvitarsus was smaller CL (5.5), but had more CT (11) and MC (30-32).


According to D. Reimann and B. Striffler (pers. comm.) the spiders settle in coastal forests of Venezuela, where they can be found under stones or between buttress roots. The species seems to be synanthropic. It takes about one year for males and one and a half years for females to reach maturity. Males mature from July to October. Usually they produce less extensive, but more three-dimensional webs than other species of the genus. The tubular retreat, where the spider stays during the day, ends in a funnel-web which is approximately 30-40 cm in diameter.


Germany, Berlin, Museum fuer Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitaet


France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle


Germany, Karlsruhe, Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkunde Karlsruhe


Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle


Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkunde Karlsruhe (State Museum of Natural History)














Linothele curvitarsis Karsch, 1879

Drolshagen, Bastian & Bäckstam, Christian M. 2021

Linothele soricina

DUPERRE N. & TAPIA E. 2021: 268
RAVEN R. J. 1985: 74

Diplura soricina

SIMON E. 1889: 189

Linothele curvitarsus

RAVEN R. J. 1985: 74
KARSCH F. 1879: 546
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