Cock, Matthew J. W. & Congdon, Colin E., 2013, Observations on the Biology of Afrotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). Part 5. Hesperiinae incertae sedis: Dicotyledon Feeders, Zootaxa 3724 (1), pp. 1-85: 18

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Gorgyra   discussion

The ova that we have seen for three Gorgyra spp.   are rounded, but relatively flat and widest well above the base, in general appearance, not unlike those of many Lycaenidae   . Similar ova have not been noted in other Hesperiinae   . All four caterpillars of Gorgyra spp.   that we have reared have plain green bodies with no evident setae; brown to dark brown rounded heads, oval or slightly wider in basal half, slightly indent at vertex, and the anal plate weakly brown. The pupae of the four species all have either two frontal projections or a bifurcate frontal projection, an unusual character in Hesperiidae   , noted in Ampittia   ( Hesperiinae   : Aeromachini   ) ( Larsen & Congdon 2012, Cock & Congdon 2012), Abantis   (Pyrginae: Tagiadini   ) ( Cock & Congdon 2011a) and Pteroteinon   ( Hesperiinae   incertae sedis) ( Mariau et al. 1981; MJW Cock unpublished; TCE Congdon unpublished), but no other members of the African fauna. Thus characters of the ovum and pupa point to Gorgyra   being well separated from other African Hesperiinae   for which the early stages are known.

From Ceratrichia   group

Evans (1937) placed the following genera in this group: Teniorhinus   Holland, Acada Evans   , Parosmodes   Holland, Ceratrichia Butler   , Pardaleodes Butler   , Ankola Evans   , Xanthodisca Aurivillius   , Rhabdomantis   Holland, Osmodes   Holland, and Osphantes   Holland. The first three genera contain one or more species that feed on Dicotyledons and are treated below. We have found no information on the food plants of Osphantes   , while the remaining genera all include one or more species that feed on Monocotyledons.