Redivivoides namaquaensis, Kuhlmann, 2012

Kuhlmann, Michael, 2012, Revision of the South African endemic bee genus Redivivoides Michener, 1981 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Melittidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 34, pp. 1-34: 15-19

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.34

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B4F3BFEB-60AE-4F15-BB1D-41B3E7BEC299

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/AEF68F53-B181-4D12-8D1C-980031A57F2E

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:AEF68F53-B181-4D12-8D1C-980031A57F2E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Redivivoides namaquaensis
status

sp. nov.

Redivivoides namaquaensis   sp. nov.

Figs 9 View Fig , 10 View Fig , 11 View Fig

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:AEF68F53-B181-4D12-8D1C-980031A57F2E

Diagnosis

Males and females of R. namaquaensis   sp. nov. can be separated from other Redivivoides   species by their black to brown metasomal terga in combination with dark brown to black prepygidial fimbria and orange-brown pygidial fimbria ( Figs 10D View Fig , 11C View Fig ).

Etymology

Named after Namaqualand, the arid region in NW South Africa where this species occurs.

Type material (71 specimens)

Holotype

♀, V.B. Whitehead, 16 Sep. 1999, Selago   sp. / B009463” ( SAMC). SOUTH AFRICA: N Cape, 31°46’ S, 20°03’ E, Middlepos , Elandsfontein. GoogleMaps  

Paratypes

SOUTH AFRICA: 5 ♀♀, same date as holotype ( SAMC)   ; 4 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Nieuwoudtville Flower Reserve , 3119AC [31°22’ S, 19°08’ E], 28 Aug. 1995, V.B. Whitehead, Selago   sp. ( SAMC, RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Nieuwoudtville Flower Reserve , 3119AC [31°22’ S, 19°08’ E], 5 Sep. 1995, V.B. Whitehead, Selago   sp. ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Nieuwoudtville Flower Reserve , 3119AC [31°22’ S, 19°08’ E], 30 Jul. 1997, V.B. Whitehead, Selago   sp. ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Nieuwoudtville Flower Reserve, Glen Lyon [31°22’ S, 19°08’ E], 21 Jul. 1997, V.B. Whitehead, Selago pinguicola   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂♂, Nieuwoudtville Flower Reserve , Glen Lyon [31°22’ S, 19°08’ E], 31 Jul. 1997, V.B. Whitehead, Selago pinguicola   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂♂, Nieuwoudtville Flower Reserve , Glen Lyon , 3119AC [31°22’ S, 19°08’ E], 14 Aug.1997, V.B. Whitehead, Selago pinguicola E. Mey.   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Nieuwodtville Res., 3119AC [31°22’ S, 19°08’ E], 19 Aug. 1986, V.B. Whitehead, Othonna   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, N. Cape, Nieuwoudtville, Glen Lyon , Renosterveld [31°24’42” S, 19°09’00” E], 700 m, 23 Aug. 2006, K. Timmermann ( RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 10 ♀♀, Farm Bloemfontein, 3120CC [31°50’ S, 20°10’ E], 3 Oct. 1985, K. Steiner, Polycarena   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 12 ♂♂, Farm Hartebeestfontein, 3120CC [31°50’ S, 20°10’ E], 27 Aug. 1990, K. Steiner, Arctotheca calendula   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 7 ♂♂, Middlepos, Farm Hartebeestfontein, 3120CC [31°50’ S, 20°10’ E], 27 Aug. 1990, V.B. Whitehead, Arctotheca   , Polycarena   ( SAMC, RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 12 km N of Wuppertal, 3219AA [32°09’ S, 19°12’ E], 30 Aug. 1990, V.B. Whitehead, Polycarena   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂♂, 5 km S of Bidouw, 3219AA [32°10’ S, 19°10’ E], 30 Aug. 1990, K. Steiner, Polycarena   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 9 ♀♀, Middelpos, Bloemfontein , 3219BB [32°10’ S, 19°50’ E], 3 Oct. 1985, V.B. Whitehead, Polycarena   ( SAMC, RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, 29,7 km NW Sutherland [32°13’ S, 20°30’ E], 27 Sep. 1985, V.B. Whitehead ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Wuppertal, 2 km N of, 3219AA [32°15’ S, 19°12’ E], 29 Aug. 1990, V.B. Whitehead, Polycarena   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Holfontein, 20 km S Clanwilliam [32°20’ S, 18°55’ E], 24 Aug. 1983, V.B. Whitehead, Hemimeris racemosa   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Farm Kanolfontein, 3220AD [32°20’ S, 20°20’ E], 22 Sep. 1985, K. Steiner, Polycarena   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Piketberg, Hartebeesrivier , 3218DC [32°50’ S, 18°40’ E], 23 Aug. 1991, V.B. Whitehead,? Polycarena   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Sauer, Suurfontein , 3218DC [32°50’ S, 18°40’ E], 1 Sep.1994, V.B. Whitehead, Phyllopodium heterophyllum   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   .

Description

Female

BODY LENGTH. 10.0- 11.5 mm.

HEAD. Head slightly wider than long. Integument black except mandible and sometimes labrum partly dark reddish-brown. Face sparsely covered with long, whitish-grey, erect hairs intermixed with black hairs along the inner eye margins and on vertex ( Fig. 10B View Fig ). Clypeus mostly flat, apical margin almost impunctate; medially densely covered with medium-sized punctures that become gradually smaller and denser towards lateral and upper margins; surface between punctures shiny ( Fig. 10B View Fig ). Malar area medially narrow, almost linear. Antenna black, ventrally dark orange to reddish-brown.

MESOSOMA. Integument black. Mesoscutal disc between punctures smooth and shiny; disc densely (i = 0.5-1.0 d) and finely punctate ( Fig. 10C View Fig ). Mesoscutum, scutellum, metanotum, mesepisternum and propodeum covered with long yellowish-brown erect hairs, on the mesoscutum black hairs intermixed ( Fig. 10C View Fig ).

WINGS. Yellowish-brown; wing venation brown.

LEGS. Integument black to dark reddish-brown. Vestiture of femora whitish-yellow, on tibiae and tarsi dark brown to black, scopae yellowish-brown.

METASOMA. Integument dark brown to black, apical margins of terga narrowly translucent reddish to yellowish-brown ( Fig. 10D View Fig ). T1 – T4 covered with erect yellowish-white hairs, becoming progressively shorter from T1 to T4; apical tergal hair band sparse on T1, on T2 – T4 broadly white ( Fig. 10A, D View Fig ). Prepygidial fimbria dark brown to black, pygidial fimbria orange-brown. Terga impunctate, finely shagreened and matt ( Fig. 10D View Fig ).

Male

BODY LENGTH. 9.0-10.0 mm.

HEAD. Head slightly wider than long. Integument black except tip of mandible partly dark reddishbrown. Face densely covered with long, whitish-grey, erect hairs intermixed with black hairs along the inner eye margins and on vertex. Malar area medially narrow, almost linear. Antenna black, ventrally dark brown.

MESOSOMA. Integument black. Mesoscutal disc between punctures smooth or superficially shagreened and shiny; disc densely (i = 0.5 d) and very finely punctate ( Fig. 11B View Fig ). Mesoscutum, scutellum, metanotum, mesepisternum and propodeum covered with long white to yellowish-grey erect hairs, partly intermixed with a few black hairs.

WINGS. Yellowish-brown; wing venation brown.

LEGS. Integument black to reddish-brown. Vestiture whitish to yellowish-brown.

METASOMA. Integument dark brown to black, apical margins of terga narrowly translucent reddish to yellowish-brown ( Fig. 11C View Fig ). T1 – T3 densely covered with long, erect yellowish-brown hairs, on T3 intermixed with black hairs; T4 – T6 covered with short black hairs; apical tergal hair band missing on T1, on T2 – T5 narrow and sparse, white; apical fringe of T7 orange ( Fig. 11A, C View Fig ). Terga impunctate, finely and densely shagreened, matt ( Fig. 11C View Fig ).

TERMINALIA. Genitalia ( Fig. 11 View Fig G-H), S6 ( Fig. 11D View Fig ), S7 ( Fig. 11E View Fig ) and terminal plate of S8 ( Fig. 11F View Fig ) as illustrated.

Distribution

This species has the centre of its distribution on the Bokkeveld Plateau and in the Roggeveld Mountains with a few records southwest of that area ( Fig. 9 View Fig ).

Floral hosts

Asteraceae   : Arctotheca calendula   , Arctotheca   spec., Othonna   spec.; Scrophulariaceae   : Hemimeris racemosa   , Phyllopodium heterophyllum   , Polycarena   spec., Selago pinguicola   , Selago   spec..

Seasonal activity

July – October.

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town