Redivivoides capensis, Kuhlmann, 2012

Kuhlmann, Michael, 2012, Revision of the South African endemic bee genus Redivivoides Michener, 1981 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Melittidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 34, pp. 1-34: 3-7

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.34

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B4F3BFEB-60AE-4F15-BB1D-41B3E7BEC299

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/60C46E16-6E85-43BE-AA18-A7977B6CF097

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:60C46E16-6E85-43BE-AA18-A7977B6CF097

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Redivivoides capensis
status

sp. nov.

Redivivoides capensis   sp. nov.

Figs 1 View Fig E–F, 2, 3, 4

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:60C46E16-6E85-43BE-AA18-A7977B6CF097

Diagnosis

Males and females of R. capensis   sp. nov. can be separated from other Redivivoides   species by their extensively and brightly red metasomal terga ( Figs 2D View Fig , 3C View Fig ) in combination with an impunctate and densely shagreened scutum ( Figs 2C View Fig , 3B View Fig ).

Etymology

Named after the Cape of Good Hope (“the Cape ”).

Type material (18 specimens)

Holotype

♀, M. Kuhlmann leg. 15 Aug. 2010 / Redivivoides   spec. 2, M. Kuhlmann det. 2011 ( SAMC). SOUTH AFRICA: Farm Papkuilsfontein , 20 km S Nieuwoudtville, Fynbos, 31°33’16” S, 19°08’31” E, 680 m. GoogleMaps  

Paratypes

SOUTH AFRICA: 4 ♀♀ same date as Holotype ( RCMK)   ; 1 ♀, N. Cape, Fynbos, 2 km W Nieuwoudtville , near Grasberg [31°21’05” S, 19°05’49” E], 742 m, 23 Aug. 2003, K. Timmermann ( RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, N. Cape, Nieuwoudtville, Flower Reserve East [31°21’56” S, 19°08’52” E], 735 m, 11 Sep. 2003, M. Kuhlmann ( RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 2 ♂♂, N. Cape, Nieuwoudtville , Glen Lyon , Renosterveld [31°24’03” S, 19°08’34” E], 700 m, 7 Aug. 2004, M. Kuhlmann ( RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂♂, N. Cape, Nieuwoudtville , Glen Lyon , Renosterveld [31°24’03” S, 19°08’34” E], 700 m, 11 Aug. 2004, M. Kuhlmann ( RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 4 ♀♀, 20 km S Nieuwoudtville, Farm Papkuilsfontein , Fynbos [31°33’16” S, 19°08’31” E], 680 m, 27 Aug. 2010, M. Kuhlmann ( SANC, RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, van Rhynsdorp, Cape [31°36’ S, 18°44’ E], 1929, Dr. Brauns ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Clanwilliam, Ramskop [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 24 Jul. 1985, V.B. Whitehead ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   .

Description

Female

BODY LENGTH. 9.0- 10.5 mm.

HEAD. Head slightly wider than long. Integument black except tips of mandible partly dark reddishbrown. Face sparsely covered with long, whitish-grey to brown, erect hairs intermixed with black hairs especially along the inner eye margins and on vertex ( Fig. 2B View Fig ). Clypeus mostly flat, apically almost impunctate; medially covered with medium-sized punctures that become gradually smaller and denser towards the lateral and upper margins; surface between punctures shiny ( Fig. 2B View Fig ). Malar area medially narrow, almost linear. Antenna black, ventrally orange to reddish-brown.

MESOSOMA. Integument black. Mesoscutum impunctate, finely shagreened and matt ( Fig. 2C View Fig ). Mesoscutum, scutellum, metanotum, mesepisternum and propodeum covered with long yellowishbrown erect hairs, on the disc of mesoscutum some black hairs intermixed.

WINGS. Yellowish-brown; wing venation dark brown.

LEGS. Integument black to dark reddish-brown. Vestiture of femora whitish-yellow, on tibiae and tarsi dark brown to black, scopae dark brown, ventrally hairs white to greyish-yellow.

METASOMA. Integument black, except T1 to a variable extent apically red, T2 red with a black spot anterior-medially, T3 apically with a red margin ( Fig. 2D View Fig ). T1 completely and T2 on disc sparsely covered with a few long erect yellowish-white hairs; T3 – T4 covered with short yellow to black hairs; apical tergal hair band missing on T1, on T2 – T4 broadly white ( Fig. 2A, D View Fig ). Prepygidial fimbria dorsally black, laterally partly white, pygidial fimbria black. Terga impunctate, finely shagreened with a silky shine ( Fig. 2D View Fig ).

Male

BODY LENGTH. 8.5-10.0 mm.

HEAD. Head slightly wider than long. Integument black except tip of mandible partly dark reddishbrown. Face sparsely covered with long, whitish-grey to brown, erect hairs intermixed with black hairs especially along the inner eye margins and on vertex. Clypeus mostly flat, apically almost impunctate; medially covered with medium-sized punctures that become gradually smaller and denser towards the lateral and upper margins; surface between punctures shiny. Malar area medially narrow, almost linear. Antenna black, ventrally reddish-brown.

MESOSOMA. Integument black. Mesoscutum impunctate, finely shagreened and matt ( Fig. 3B View Fig ). Mesoscutum, scutellum, metanotum, mesepisternum and propodeum covered with long white to yellowish-grey erect hairs, on the scutellum black hairs intermixed ( Fig. 3A View Fig ).

WINGS. Slightly yellowish-brown; wing venation brown.

LEGS. Integument black, tibiae and tarsi partly dark red-brown. Vestiture whitish.

METASOMA. Integument black, except T1 to a variable extend apically red, T2 red with a black spot anterior-medially, T3 either like T2 or in some specimens only apically with a red margin, T 4 in some males with red basal and apical margins ( Fig. 3C View Fig ). T1 completely and T2 – T3 on disc sparsely covered with a few long erect yellowish-white hairs; T4 – T6 covered with short black hairs; apical tergal hair band missing on T1, on T2 – T5 narrow and sparsely white ( Fig. 3C View Fig ). Terga impunctate, finely shagreened with a silky shine ( Fig. 3C View Fig ).

TERMINALIA. Genitalia ( Fig. 3 View Fig G-H), S6 ( Fig. 3D View Fig ), S7 ( Fig. 3E View Fig ) and terminal plate of S8 ( Fig. 3F View Fig ) as illustrated.

Distribution

This species is only known from a few localities from Clanwilliam to the Nieuwoudtville area ( Fig. 4 View Fig ).

Floral hosts

All specimens collected on the farms Papkuilsfontein and Glen Lyon were collected on Polygalaceae   : Nylandtia scoparia   .

Seasonal activity

July – September.

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute