Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981

Kuhlmann, Michael, 2012, Revision of the South African endemic bee genus Redivivoides Michener, 1981 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Melittidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 34, pp. 1-34 : 19-24

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.34

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B4F3BFEB-60AE-4F15-BB1D-41B3E7BEC299

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/038587E4-FFC4-FFFB-FD9F-F9F9939EFD9E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981
status

 

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981

Figs 12 View Fig , 13 View Fig , 14 View Fig

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981: 121-122, figs 80, 82-84 (p. 43), 97 (p. 48), Holotype ♀ (type locality: Clanwilliam, South Africa) ( Snow Entomological Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence).

Diagnosis

Females of R. simulans can be separated from other Redivivoides species by a combination of the following characters: metasomal terga at least partly red (at least on a narrow stripe on the apical part of the discs of T1 – T3), metasomal terga with surface between punctures smooth and shiny ( Fig. 12D View Fig ), scutum at least on the disc between punctures smooth and shiny ( Fig. 12C View Fig ), and head about as long as wide ( Fig. 12B View Fig ). These characters also apply to males ( Fig. 13C View Fig ) but genitalia and S6 – S8 ( Fig. 13 View Fig D–H) should be checked to avoid potential confusion with the unknown male of R. kamieskroonensis .

Both sexes of R. simulans were described in detail by Michener (1981).

Material examined

Specimens examined (56 specimens): SOUTH AFRICA: 2 ♀♀, 40 km N Port Nolloth [28°54’3” S, 16°44’3” E], 11 Sep. 2001 ( CUIC, RCMK) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Skurfkop St., 3118AB [31°10’ S, 18°20’ E], 18 Aug. 1983, V.B. Whitehead, white Hermannia prostrate ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Farm Sarrisam, 3017DA [30°40’ S, 17°40’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, K. Steiner, Hermannia sp. ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, Ouberg Pass, 27 km SE Vanrhynsdorp , Fynbos [31°48’07” S, 18°55’00” E], 380 m, 9 Aug. 2011, M. Kuhlmann ( RCMK) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, near Ratelfontein [31°56’ S, 18°31’ E], 21 Sep. 2007, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, Koinonia [32°01’42” S, 18°39’34” E], 24 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, 1 ♂, Ratelfontein / Olaf Bergfontein [32°02’ S, 18°35’ E], 7 Oct. 1995, F.W., S.K. & R.W. Gess, visiting yellow fls. semiprostrate Hermannia sp., Sterculiaceae , 95/96/273 ( AMGS) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, Trawal , 15 km SSW [32°02’ S, 18°35’ E], 21 Sep. 2007, T.L. Griswold ( EMUS) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, S Skurfkop [32°03’26”S, 18°40’27” E], 24 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, Lamberts Bay [32°04’21” S, 18°22’12” E], 160 m, 13 Sep. 2005, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 5 ♀♀, 1 ♂, 5 km N Clanwilliam [32°08’1” S, 18°51’3” E], 94 m, 20 Sep. 2001 ( CUIC) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, 11 km N Clanwilliam [32°05’08” S, 18°49’25” E], 21 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, 20 mi. W. of Clanwilliam [32°09’ S, 18°36’ E], 19 Sep. 1966, C.D. Michener ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♂, 9 km W Clanwilliam [32°10’11” S, 18°48’21” E], 22 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 8 Sep. 1966, M. & C.D. Michener ( EMUS) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, Droogerivier, Sandberg Sta. , 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 24 Aug. 1987, V.B. Whitehead, Homeria ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Farm Droogerivier, 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 8 Sep. 1987, K. Steiner, Lessertia rigida ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♂, Droogerivier, Sandberg Sta. , 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, V.B. Whitehead, Homeria ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Klein Alexandershoek to Het Kruis [32°20’ S, 18°46’ E], 26 Sep. 1985, F.W. & S.K. Gess ( AMGS) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, Citrusdal [32°36’42” S, 18°59’49” E], 12 Sep. 2005, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, Sauer, 26 km W Piketberg [32°50’36” S, 18°33’58” E], 21 Oct. 2008, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps ; 5 ♀♀, Sauer, 26 km W Piketberg [32°50'37” S, 18°33’58” E], 21 Oct. 2008, BN Danforth, on Hermannia ( CUIC) GoogleMaps ; 4 ♀♀, Sauer [32°50’ S, 18°34’ E], 21 Oct. 2008, T.L. Griswold ( EMUS) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, Atlantis , 3 km W, [33°34’ S, 18°27’ E], 150 m, 8-12 Oct. 2002, M. E. Irwin, F.D. Parker ( EMUS) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, Ganzekraal, 3318CB [33°40’ S, 18°20’ E], 22 Sep. 1999, K. Steiner, Nemesia affinis ( SAMC) GoogleMaps .

Additional material

Additional records from the database of the South African Museum, Cape Town (material in SAMC, no data on number or sex of specimens available): SOUTH AFRICA: Goegap Reserve, 4 km from tarred road on circular drive, Springbok [29°40’ S, 18°00’ E], 13 Aug. 1993, Whitehead, Zygophyllum GoogleMaps ; Klipfontein [29°44’ S, 17°33’], 3 Aug. 1988, Whitehead, Zygophyllum, Bowesdorp, L. Namaqualand [30°09’ S, 17°56’ E], Sep. 1941, South African Museum GoogleMaps ; Grootvlei, Kamieskroon [30°10’ S, 17°50’ E], 24 Aug. 1990, Whitehead, Indigofera GoogleMaps ; Farm Dik Nek on road to Hondeklipbaai [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, Whitehead GoogleMaps ; Farm Dik Nek [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E] 130 m, 9 Aug. 1991, 14 Aug. 1993, Steiner ( SAMC) GoogleMaps ; Diknek, Garies [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E], 18 Aug. 1995, Whitehead / Macpherson, Nemesia GoogleMaps ; Wallekraal, Namaqualand [30°22’ S, 17°29’ E], Oct. 1950, South African Museum GoogleMaps ; Garies, Little Namaqualand [30°33’ S, 17°58’ E], Jun. 1930, South African Museum GoogleMaps ; Garies , 9 km E. of Soutfontein [30°33’ S, 17°58’ E], 22 Aug. 1990, Whitehead, Lebeckia GoogleMaps ; Kotzesrus, 12.6 km N. on rd to Groenrivier [30°58’ S, 17°49’ E], 12 Aug. 1997, Whitehead, Heliophila GoogleMaps ; Kotzesrus, Hardevlei [30°58’ S, 17°49’ E], 28 Aug. 1997, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; Nieuwoudtville [31°22’ S, 19°07’ E], 31 Aug. 1985, Whitehead / Macpherson, Lotonotis serpens GoogleMaps ; Garies , Farm Sariesaam [30°40’ S, 17°40’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, Steiner GoogleMaps ; 6.5 km N of Klawer t/o on N7 [31°45’ S, 18°39’ E], 6 Aug. 1989, Steiner, Homeria minuata GoogleMaps ; Skurfkop station [31°56’ S, 18°36’ E], 18 Aug. 1983, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; Lamberts Bay [32°05’ S, 18°18’E], 28Sep.1977, Whitehead GoogleMaps ; Farm Skarpdam [32°05’S, 18.22’E], 9Sep.1987, Steiner / Whitehead, Nemesia ; 12 km N of Clanwilliam [32°05’ S, 18°52’ E], 11 Aug. 1985, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; 11 km N of Clanwilliam [32°06’ S, 18°52’ E], 21 Aug. 1985, Whitehead / Macpherson GoogleMaps ; Kompagniesdrif , 19 km E. of Lamberts Bay [32°08’ S, 18°29’ E], 14 Sep. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; Graafwater [32°08’ S, 18°35’ E], Oct. 1947, South African Museum Expedition GoogleMaps ; 10 km E of Bidouw Valley [32°08’ S, 19°19’ E], 8 Sep. 1985, Picker GoogleMaps ; Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 11 Aug. 1984, Picker GoogleMaps ; Ramskop campsite, Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 22 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Macpherson, Trachyandra muricata GoogleMaps ; Leipoldtville, Elands Bay [32°12’ S, 18°28’ E], Oct. 1947, South African Museum Expedition GoogleMaps ; Elands Bay [32°17’ S, 18°20’ E], 20 Sep. 1988, Whitehead, Polycarena seluginoides GoogleMaps ; Elands Bay [32°17’ S, 18°20’ E], 26 Sep. 1985, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; Farm Skerpheuwel [32°18’ S, 18°20’ E], 28 Aug. 1987, Steiner, Nemesia GoogleMaps ; Farm Droogerivier [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner GoogleMaps ; Droogerivier ( Droërivier ), Sandberg sta. [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, Whitehead, Homeria GoogleMaps ; 11 Aug. 1988, Whitehead, Cysticapnos ; 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner, Lessertia rigida ; Farm Droogerivier ( Droërivier ) [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner, Lessertia rigida / Cysticapnos vesicarius GoogleMaps ; Paleisheuwel, Alexanderhoek [32°18’ S, 18°43’ E], 12 Sep. 1991, Whitehead, Cysticapnos GoogleMaps ; Holfontein , 20 km S of Clanwilliam [32°20’ S, 18°55’ E], 29 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Steiner, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; 28.8 km N of Citrusdal t/o [32°20’ S, 19°00’ E], 8 Aug. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; Farm Klawervlei , 23 km south of Clanwilliam [32°23’ S, 18°56’ E], 20 Aug. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia , Lachenalia mutabilis GoogleMaps ; Koraanshoogte , 13.5 km north of Citrusdal t/o [32°28’ S, 19°00’ E], 20 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Macpherson, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; Oorwinningsfontein , 33 km N of Piketberg [32°36’ S, 18°44’ E], 30 Aug. 1987, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; 30 Jul. 1987, Whitehead, Hermannia ; Eendekuil, Aroenfontein [32°40’ S, 18°53’ E], 19 Aug.1992, Whitehead GoogleMaps ; 1 km S of Droëryskloof Sta., Eendekuil [32°40’ S, 18°53’ E], 30 Aug. 1986, Whitehead, Hermannia GoogleMaps ; Sauer, Suurfontein [32°50’ S, 18°40’ E], 1 Sep. 1994, Whitehead / Macpherson, Nemesia GoogleMaps ; Piketberg [32°54’ S, 18°44’ E], 21 Sep. 1985, Whitehead GoogleMaps ; Berg River, Jantjiesfontein [33°05’ S, 18°25’ E], 25 Sep. 1991, Whitehead GoogleMaps ; Hopefield, Jantjiesfontein [33°05’ S, 18°25’ E], 17 Sep. 1991, Whitehead, Indigofera GoogleMaps ; 12 km SE of Yzerfontein t/o [33°20’ S, 18°17’ E], 28 Sep. 1988, Whitehead, Nemesia versicolor GoogleMaps ; between Darling and Yzerfontein [33°20’ S, 18°17’ E], 18 Sep. 1986, Steiner, Heliophila GoogleMaps ; Montagu Rocks, Bainskloof [33°35’ S, 19°08’ E], 31 Sep. 1990, Steiner, Moraea ramosissima GoogleMaps ; Ganzekraal [33°40’ S, 18°20’ E], 22 Sep. 1999, Steiner, Nemesia affinis GoogleMaps ; Darling road, 18 Sep. 1986, Whitehead, Heliophila .

Distribution

This is the most common and widespread of all Redivivoides species and has been found in most parts of the winter rainfall area ( Fig. 14 View Fig ).

Floral hosts

Asphodelaceae : Trachyandra muricata ; Brassicaceae : Heliophila spec.; Fabaceae : Indigofera spec., Lebeckia spec., Lessertia rigida , Lotonotis hirsuta (= serpens ); Fumariaceae : Cysticapnos vesicaria ; Hyacinthaceae : Lachenalia mutabilis ; Iridaceae : Moraea miniata , M. ramosissima , Moraea spec.; Scrophulariaceae : Nemesia affinis , N. versicolor , Nemesia spec., Polycarena phyllopodioides (= seluginoides ); Sterculiaceae : Hermannia spec.; Zygophyllaceae : Zygophyllum spec.

Seasonal activity

(June) July – October.

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute

AMGS

Albany Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Melittidae

Genus

Redivivoides

Loc

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981

Kuhlmann, Michael 2012
2012
Loc

Redivivoides simulans

Michener 1981: 121
1981