Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) amplicollis ( Harold, 1869 ),

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z., 2021, Taxonomic review of the Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) agenor species group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 734, pp. 1-64: 12-15

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2021.734.1233

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:663A0C2D-E3CF-4B0C-8BA1-566B174829A2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4545843

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03850669-FF9B-FFC0-FE16-21403A15CC7D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) amplicollis ( Harold, 1869 )
status

 

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) amplicollis ( Harold, 1869) 

Fig. 4View Fig, Map 2

Pinotus amplicollis Harold, 1869: 501  (original description).

Pinotus amplicollis  – Blackwelder 1944: 69.

Dichotomius amplicollis  – López-Guerrero 2005: 196.

Diagnosis

Dichotomius amplicollis  is separated from other species of the group by the following combination of characters: median tubercle of the fronto-clypeal carina twice as high as the two lateral tubercles, thick, cylindrical and with pronounced apical median emargination. Posterior surface of cephalic carina rugose. Anterior edge of pronotum with strong, abrupt declivity, apex with weak anteromedian lobe bifurcation. Posterior edge of metacoxa bearing a single row of organized, shallow ocellate setigerous punctures which merge together.

Material examined

Lectotype (here designated) MEXICO • ♂; “ Oaxaca P. amplicollis  .” [white with red margins, hw]/ “Mexico amplicollis Harold  ” [white, hw]/ “LECTOTYPE ♂ Pinotus amplicollis Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [red with black margin, phw]; MNHN. 

Paralectotype

MEXICO • 1 ♀; “Sallé”. “ P. amplicollis  mihi. ♀” [hw, Harold’s handwriting]/ “PARALEC- TOTYPE ♀ Pinotus amplicollis Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [yellow with black margin, phw]; MNHN  .

Additional material

MEXICO – Chihuahua • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Pinos Altos; Buchan-Hepburn. B.C.A; p.52. sp.2; BMNH  . – Guerrero • 7 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Acahuizotlá ; 7.93; S. Pokorny leg.; BMNH  1 ♀; Cuernavaca ; 24 Jun. 1987; CEMT  . – Jalisco • 2 ♂♂; Casimiro Castillo, Ej Barranca de la Naranjera , Cam. al Parotal ; 550 m a.s.l.; 19º35′10″ N, 104º24′43″ W; 29 Jul. 2004; Nicolalde, Carrillo and Vaz-de-Mello leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  2 ♂♂; San Cristobal de la Barranca, Rancho El Tablón ; 850 m a.s.l.; 21º03′36″ N, 103º25′50″ W; 24 Jul. 2004; Nicolalde, Carrillo and Vaz-de-Mello leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Chamela , E.B. Selva baja ; calamar; Jul. 2002; Ellen Andersen leg.; CEMT  1 ♂, 1 ♀; Unión de Tula, Km 131 Carr. Guadalajara-Barra de Navidad; 1110 m a.s.l.; 19º52′46″ N, 104º18′58″ W; 30 Jul. 2004; Nicolalde, Carrillo and Vaz-de- Mello leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  1 ♀; Tonaya, Las Higueras, Jardín de Casa ; 950 m a.s.l.; T. luz mercurial; Aug. 2004. R. Carrillo leg.; CEMT  1 ♀; Cocula, RMO El Mirador ; 1970 m a.s.l.; 20º18′15″ N, 103º53′04″ W; 30 Jul. 2004; Nicolalde, Carrillo and Vaz-de-Mello leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  2 ♀♀; Zapopan , Los Guayabos , BE.pert; 1600 m a.s.l.; exNTP-80 pulpo; 11 Jun.–8 Jul. 1994; G.A. Quiroz and J.L. Navarrete leg.; CEMT  1 ♀; Ventanas, Mex ; 200 ft a.s.l.; Forter. B.C.A. p.52. sp.2; MNHN  . – Mexico • 1 ♂; Temascaltepec ; Hinton Coll. B.M; BMNH 1939-583  4 ♂♂, 8 ♀♀; Real de Arriba , Temascaltepec; 1933; Hinton Coll. B.M; BMNH 1939-583  2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Bejucos , Temascaltepec; 1933; Hinton Coll. B.M; BMNH 1939-583  1 ♀; Tejupilco, Temascaltepec ; 1933; Hinton Coll. B.M; BMNH 1939-583  . – Sonora • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; La Estrella; 10-32; Hinton Coll. B.M; BMNH 1939-583  2 ♀♀; Alamos ; Buchan-Hepburn, B.C.A; p.52. sp.2; BMNH  . – Oaxaca • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Panixtlahuca; BMNH  4 ♀♀; Oaxaca ; Hoege. B.C.A; p.52. sp.2; BMNH  .

Redescription

Male

MEASUREMENTS. Length: 21.7 mm.

HEAD. Anterior surface rugose, not extending posteriorly to base of cephalic carina. Cephalic carina wider than high, posterior surface covered with deep punctures. Median tubercle twice as high as lateral tubercles, thick, cylindrical in shape and with strong apical emargination. Lateral tubercles with acute apex ( Fig. 4DView Fig). Ventral clypeal process truncate and distally expanded.

PRONOTUM. Wider than long, wider than elytra. Pronotal disc shiny, with smooth fine punctures. Anterior edge with pronounced declivity well-impressed punctures covering surface. Longitudinal sulcus weakly impressed, producing weak anteromedian lobe subemargination (as in Harold 1869); anterolateral surface with dense-impressed punctures next to antero-lateral fossae. Posteromedial edge with few dense and weakly impressed punctures near medial sulcus. Scattered ocellate punctures along anterior and posterior margins, absent in lateral margins ( Fig. 4AView Fig). Hypomeron medial disc smooth. External margin bearing multiple rows of disorganized long setae (see Fig. 2EView Fig).

ABDOMEN. Mesosternum and metepisternum covered by large ocellate setigerous punctures, setae short. Metasternum setigerous punctures restricted to anterior and lateral areas. Anterior lobe pilosity connecting with lateral through margin of mesocoxa (see Fig. 2GView Fig). Lateral surface of metasternum with ocellate setigerous punctures separated by diameter of a puncture, setae long. Longitudinal sulcus conspicuous. Ocellate punctures along anterior margin of each sternite, denser in lateral areas, medial portion smooth. Pygidium surface smooth. Basal margin bearing some ocellate punctures.

ELYTRA. Interstriae shagreened with fine randomly separated punctures. Striae strongly marked, crenulate, ocellate punctures separated by diameter of a puncture on elytral disc (see Fig. 2IView Fig).

LEGS. Posterior metacoxa edge bearing row of organized, shallow ocellate setigerous punctures which merge together ( Fig. 4HView Fig).

PARAMERES AND LAMELLA COPULATRIX. As in Fig. 4View Fig E–G.

Morphological variation

Females ( Fig. 4BView Fig)

As males except for the following characters:

HEAD. Completely transversely rugose, denser on anterior apical third.Fronto-clypeal carina quadridentate and greatly elevated, median tubercles higher than lateral.

PRONOTUM. Weak medial knob, discernible in lateral view, punctures dense and deeply impressed on lateral areas and near posterior margin of medial sulcus.

HYPOMERON. Setae longer and denser than in males.

ELYTRA. Striae, thinner and with smaller, ocellate punctures separated by diameter of a puncture at elytral disc.

Remarks

Dichotomius amplicollis  is associated with tropical dry forests and is distributed across the Mexican Pacific coast province ( Morrone 2001) in the states of Oaxaca (type locality) and Jalisco from 500 to 1900 m a.s.l. It is highly probable that it is also found throughout the states of Sinaloa, Nayarit, Michoacan and Colima. Individuals of this species are commonly confused with D. sagittarius  stat. rev., in which the middle tubercle is not apically emarginate and the punctures of the posterior edge of the metacoxa are not merged together. Other characters of the male genitalia also differ between these two species.

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

CEMT

CEMT

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Dichotomius

Loc

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) amplicollis ( Harold, 1869 )

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z. 2021
2021
Loc

Dichotomius amplicollis

Lopez-Guerrero I. 2005: 196
2005
Loc

Pinotus amplicollis

Blackwelder R. E. 1944: 69
1944
Loc

Pinotus amplicollis

Harold E. 1869: 501
1869