Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869 ),

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z., 2021, Taxonomic review of the Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) agenor species group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 734, pp. 1-64: 19-22

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2021.734.1233

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:663A0C2D-E3CF-4B0C-8BA1-566B174829A2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4545847

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03850669-FF82-FFDB-FE64-259A3A3BC985

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869 )
status

 

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869) 

Fig. 6View Fig, Map 4

Pinotus centralis Harold, 1869: 502  (original description)

Pinotus centralis  – Blackwelder 1944: 69.

Dichotomius centralis  – Halffter & Matthews 1966: 1. — Kohlmann & Solís 1997: 345.

Diagnosis

Dichotomius centralis  is separated from the other species in the group by the following combination of characters: pronotum covered by dense subrugose punctures. Elytral striae strongly marked, wide and crenulate, easily observable by unaided eye, punctures undefined and crenulate, separated by the width of a puncture.

Material examined

Lectotype (here designated) NICARAGUA • ♂; “Nicaragua” [white, hw] / “Sallé Coll.” [white, p]/ “ Pinotus centralis  type Harold apud. Sallé” [white, hw]/ “722” [green, p]/ “Type” [white, rounded with red margin, p]/ “B.C.A. p52 sp3” [white, p]/ “LECTOTYPE” [red with black margins, p]/ “ Pinotus centralis LECTOT. Ha. Det, F.  Vaz-de-Mello, 2011 ” [white with black margins, phw]; BMNH. 

Paralectotype

NICARAGUA • 1 ♀; “Type” [white, rounded with red margin, p]/ “Nicaragua” [white, p]/ “Sallé Coll.” [white, p] / “ Pinotus centralis  type. Harold. Apud Sallé” [white with black margins, hw] /“B.C.A. p.52 sp.3” [white, p]/ “PARALECTOTYPE” [yellow with black margins, p]/ “NHMUK 010847042” [white, p]; BMNH  .

Additional material BELIZE • 2 ♀♀; R. Carstoon [Sarstoon River]; B. Honduras [British Honduras]; Blancaneau B.C.A; p52. Sp3; BMNH  1 ♂, 1 ♀; Chiquibul Forest Res., Las Cuevas field station; 500–700 m a.s.l.; 88º59′ W, 16º44′ N; May–Jun. 1997; D. Inward leg.; BMNH 2005-78GoogleMaps  .

COSTA RICA • 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; P. Biolley; BMNH 1900-261  1 ♂; V.P. B.C.A; p52. Sp3; BMNH. – Cartago  3 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀; Paraiso ; 300 ft a.s.l.; Champion; B.C.A; p52. Sp3; BMNH. – Guanacaste  1 ♂, 1 ♀; Cañas , 3 km N of Hacienda La Pacífica; 90 m a.s.l.; 5–6 Jun. 1979; H. and A. Howden leg.; CEMT  1 ♂; forest, carrion trap; 17 Jul. 1966; S. Peck leg.; CEMT  26 ♂♂, 25 ♀♀; Santa Rosa NP, S Santa Rosa Estac. Biol.; 277 m a.s.l.; 10º52′10.4″ N, 85º35′56.6″ W; SEC. FORRESR; 15–19 Nov. 2003; L.G. Uhler leg.; BMNHGoogleMaps  2 ♀♀; Santa Rosa NP, Cuajiniquil-Sta. Helena ; 10º54′28.8″ N, 85º43′14.1″ W; 33 m a.s.l.; 14–18 Nov. 2003; Manfred Uhler leg.; BMNHGoogleMaps  9 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀; Guanacaste Prov; 300 m a.s.l.; Hacienda Poco Sol , 34 km N of Liberia; May–Jun. 1989; BMNH  5 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀; Guanacaste Prov. 11 km SW of Santa Rosa, nr Nancite Beach; May–Jun. 1989; BMNH  4 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Guanacaste Prov. ; 10º50′ N, 85º37′ W; 300 m a.s.l.; bosque humido [Humedo]; May–Jun. 1989; BMNHGoogleMaps  .

GUATEMALA • 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; Suchitepequez, Cuyatenango, Chacalte Sia ; V Jun. 1993; E. Espana; CEMT  .

Redescription

Male

MEASUREMENTS. Length: 18.5 mm.

HEAD. Most of clypeal and genal surface rugose. Cephalic carina wider than high, anterior surface rugose. Median tubercle twice as high as lateral tubercles, conical in shape and not emarginated at apex; surface smooth, posterior portion rugose. Ventral clypeal process truncate and distally expanded (see Fig. 2BView Fig).

PRONOTUM. Twice as wide as long. Anterior portion displaying accentuated declivity, dense sub-rugose punctures reaching antero-lateral fossae, separated by the width of a puncture ( Fig. 6DView Fig). Pronotal disc covered by simple punctures, each of these punctures with fine microsculpture. Longitudinal sulcus weakly impressed. Anterior and posterior margins bearing row of disorganized ocellate punctures. Hypomeron middle edge smooth, without punctures. External margin with single row of disorganized long setae, all approximately same length.

ABDOMEN. Mesosternum and metepisternum covered by large ocellate setigerous punctures. Metasternum setigerous punctures restricted mainly to lateral and anterior areas.Anterior lobe pilosity does not connect with lateral pilosity through margins of mesocoxa (see Fig. 2HView Fig). Lateral ocellate punctures separated by three times width of a puncture, setae long reaching metepisternal suture, suture visible. Longitudinal sulcus weakly marked. Ocellate punctures along anterior margin of each sternite, denser in lateral areas. Pygidium surface covered by simple punctures, basal margin bearing dense ocellate punctures.

ELYTRA. Surface of interstriae with shagreened microsculpture (see Fig. 2JView Fig). Striae strongly marked, wide and crenulate, easily detectable without stereoscope, separated by one time width of puncture ( Fig. 6HView Fig).

LEGS. Metacoxa posterior edge bearing single row of organized ocellate setigerous punctures, separated by width of a puncture.

PARAMERES AND LAMELLA COPULATRIX. As in Fig. 6CView Fig, E–F.

Morphological variation

Females ( Fig. 6BView Fig)

As males except for the following characters:

HEAD. Surface completely rugose. Fronto-clypeal carina quadridentate, median tubercles higher than lateral.

PRONOTUM. Weak medial knob, inconspicuous, observable in lateral view. Anterior and lateral surface covered by subrugose punctures fading towards medial disc. Hypomeron setae longer and denser than in males.

ELYTRA. Striae wider. Striae punctation undefined, crenulate and separated by half, or less width of a puncture.

Remarks

This species occurs in Belize, Costa Rica and Guatemala. The original description specified that the type series was collected in Granada, Nicaragua. Other published works report it for El Salvador ( Kohlmann & Solís 1997; López-Guerrero 2005). López-Guerrero (2005) argues that it is marginally likely to find this species in the south of Mexico, precisely in the state of Chiapas due to the proximity to Guatemala.

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

CEMT

CEMT

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Dichotomius

Loc

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869 )

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z. 2021
2021
Loc

Dichotomius centralis

Kohlmann B. & Solis A. 1997: 345
Halffter G. & Matthews E. G. 1966: 1
1966
Loc

Pinotus centralis

Blackwelder R. E. 1944: 69
1944
Loc

Pinotus centralis

Harold E. 1869: 502
1869