Syneches curvipes (Fabricius)

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly, 2021, Review of Brazilian species of Syneches Walker (Diptera, Hybotidae, Hybotinae), with description of ten new species, Zootaxa 5049 (1), pp. 1-84 : 28

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5049.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F9647501-7F6B-4286-AEEE-19B620F697ED

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5579470

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/0384CB1B-A469-C947-9689-2FD2FEA5FB36

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Syneches curvipes (Fabricius)
status

 

Syneches curvipes (Fabricius)

( Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 15A–E View FIGURE 15 , 52 View FIGURE 52 )

Damalis curvipes Fabricius, 1805: 147 .

Hybos curvipes: Wiedemann, 1828: 415 .

Damalis quadricinctus Fabricius, 1805: 148 .

Hybos quadricinctus: Wiedemann, 1828: 415 .

Syneches quadricinctus: Bezzi, 1909: 314 (key); Smith, 1967: 10 (cat.); Yang et al., 2007: 313 (cat.); Menezes & Ale-Rocha, 2016: 413–415 (syn.).

Syneches curvipes: Bezzi, 1909: 314 (key); Collin, 1933: 28 (cit.); Smith, 1962: 212 (cit.); 1967: 9 (cat.); Yang et al., 2007: 307 (cat.); Menezes & Ale-Rocha, 2016: 413–415 View Cited Treatment , figs 33–39, 107, 119 (rev., Brazil). Type locality: America Meridional.

Diagnosis. Large size (6.0 mm) ( Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 15A View FIGURE 15 ). Antenna dark brown ( Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 15C View FIGURE 15 ); palpus and proboscis brown to dark brown ( Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 15C View FIGURE 15 ). Prosternum fused to proepisternum; scutum rounded, as broad as mesopleuron in lateral view, orange yellow to brown, covered with golden pruinescence, except dorsocentral stripe with gray pruinescence ( Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 15B View FIGURE 15 ). Abdomen dark brown, except tergite 1 and lateral of tergites 2–4 yellow to pale brown ( Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 15A View FIGURE 15 ). Legs yellow to pale brown, except fore and hind tibiae and all tarsomeres 5 brown to dark brown, hind femur yellow to brownish on basal half, strongly swollen with 1AV series of spiniform bristles inserted on short tubercles ( Figs 1A View FIGURE 1 , 15D View FIGURE 15 ). Wing hyaline, greyish; pterostigma long, oval, brown near base fading off apically; second section of M 1 longer than crossvein r-m; both cells br and bm longer than cell cua ( Fig. 15E View FIGURE 15 ).

Material examined. BRAZIL. Amapá: Calçoene, Balneário Asa Aberta , 02°31′072″N 50°58′16.8″W, Malaise, 17–18.iv.2014, J.T. Câmara & J.A. Rafael (1 ♂, 1 ♀, INPA) ; idem, Ig. Asa Aberta, Varredura , 17.iv.2014 (1 ♂, 2 ♀, INPA) ; Serra do Navio, Estr. Cach. Pedra Preta , 00°53′39.2″N 52°00′41.9″W, Malaise, 14–16.iv.2014, J.T. Câmara & J.A. Rafael (1 ♀, INPA) GoogleMaps . Pará, Rio Nhamundá , 01°35′11″S 57°37′32″W, Syneches curvipes (Fabricius) Det. Ale-Rocha, 1999 (1 ♀, INPA) GoogleMaps .

Distribution. Brazil (Amapá *, Amazonas and Pará) ( Fig. 52 View FIGURE 52 ); Guyana. Syneches curvipes is known to occurr only in the Amazon biome.

Remarks. This species is remarkably similar to S. catarinae , but it can be separated by the characters given in the key (see also “Remarks” under S. catarinae ). A female specimen of S. curvipes was photographed resting on the vegetation in Guyana ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ), showing the typical sitting and waiting hunting behavior of many hybotid flies [see Wilder (1974) for Nearctic Syneches species and Jaume-Schinkel et al. (2020) for the genus Chvalaea ( Hybotidae : Ocydromiinae )].

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Hybotidae

Genus

Syneches

Loc

Syneches curvipes (Fabricius)

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly 2021
2021
Loc

Syneches quadricinctus:

Menezes, I. S. & Ale-Rocha, R. 2016: 413
Yang, D. & Yao, G. & Zhang, K. & Zhang, J. 2007: 313
Smith, K. G. V. 1967: 10
Bezzi, M. 1909: 314
1909
Loc

Syneches curvipes:

Menezes, I. S. & Ale-Rocha, R. 2016: 413
Yang, D. & Yao, G. & Zhang, K. & Zhang, J. 2007: 307
Smith, K. G. V. 1962: 212
Collin, J. E. 1933: 28
Bezzi, M. 1909: 314
1909
Loc

Hybos curvipes:

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1828: 415
1828
Loc

Hybos quadricinctus:

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1828: 415
1828
Loc

Damalis curvipes

Fabricius, J. C. 1805: 147
1805
Loc

Damalis quadricinctus

Fabricius, J. C. 1805: 148
1805