Telemiades lamasi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande
Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner,  (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 40-42
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|Telemiades lamasi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande|
Telemiades antiope [misidentification]; Llorente–Bousquets; Luis–Martínez & Vargas–Fernández, 1990. Publ. esp. Mus.Zool., Mexico, 1: 28.—J. de la Maza E.; White & R. G. de la Maza E., 1991. Rev. Soc. Mex. Lep. 14: 17.— Greeney, 2009. Jour. Res. Lep. 41: 57; biol.— Beccaloni et al., 2008. Monografías Tercer Milenio 8: 102; host plant.— Janzen et al., 2011. PLoS ONE 6 (8): 12, 13, fig. 10 a, b, c (d).— Janzen et al., 2011. PLOS ONE 6 (8) (e19874): 12, 13, fig. 10 a, b, c (d).—Basset et al., 2015. PLOS ONE 10 (8) (e0136623), S1 App.
Diagnosis. Telemiades lamasi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande , sp. nov. is the only known species of the “ antiope group” with records on Central America, and is distinguished by the following characters: FW with larger hyaline spots, distal margin of tegumen with two pairs of lateral apophysis, and distal margin of harpe slightly truncated and covered by a line of short spine–like projections.
Description. Head: frons and vertex brown, with a few cream scales. Eyes surrounded by white scales. Labial palpi with first and second segments dark brown and cream; third segment dark brown. Antennae dark brown, base of each segment cream, apical third ventrally cream; nudum of 21–22 segments.
Thorax: dorsally dark brown; ventrally dark brown and cream.
FW: length of males 17–18 mm (n=3) and females 18 mm (n=1). DFW ( Figs 58, 60 View FIGURES 50–61 ): ground color dark brown; four hyaline spots: two cellular (upper and lower), both rectangular, and two discal in M 3 –CuA 1 and CuA 1 –CuA 2; three apical hyaline spots in R 3 –R 4, R 4 –R 5 e R 5 –M 1 with same size.
DHW ( Figs 58, 60 View FIGURES 50–61 ): ground color dark brown; four dark brown rounded spots in Sc+R 1 –Rs, upper cell, lower cell and CuA 2 –2A; submarginal dark brown spots as an irregular band.
VFW ( Figs 59, 61 View FIGURES 50–61 ): as DFW; paler below CuA 2.
VHW ( Figs 59, 61 View FIGURES 50–61 ): as DHW; discal and submarginal spots more visible.
Abdome: dorsally dark brown; ventrally dark brown and cream.
Male genitalia ( Fig. 157 View FIGURES 155–157 ): tegumen rounded, distal margin with two pair of lateral apophysis: the first shorter and rounded; the second with half size of uncus. Anterior projection of saccus triangular, anterior margin rounded. Uncus shorter, convex, about 1/3 the length of tegumen; distal margin with two lateral apophysis short and triangular. Valva rectangular, twice as long as wide; costa rectangular; distal process of harpe truncated and covered by small spine–like projections; sacculus rectangular, about 1/3 the length of valva. Fultura inferior distally bifid. Aedeagus cylindrical, sinuous on proximal half; insertion of manica in proximal third of aedeagus; opening for ejaculatory bulb rounded; distal margin truncated; opening for vesica dorsal and right, about 2/3 of size of aedeagus; cornuti as numerous spines, disposed in lines.
Female genitalia ( Fig. 193 View FIGURES 191–193 ): tergum VIII rectangular; papilla analis covered by scales in apical third; posterior apophysis twice as longer than papilla. Lamella antevaginalis triangular. Lamela postvaginalis rectangular, distal margin slightly concave, forming two lobes. Ductus bursae membranous, sclerotized proximally of ostium; corpus bursae membranous and globular, with same size of ductus; 2/3 of proximal region rough. Signa absent.
Variation. Some specimens could have a diminute discal spot in CuA 1 –CuA 2 in FW.
Natural history. Janzen & Hallwachs (2009) partially illustrated the immatures stages of T. lamasi sp. nov. found at Area de Conservación de Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Immatures have been reported on some species of Fa- baceae: Cojoba valeroi , Inga acuminata , I. calixta , I. calixtonis , I. chocoensis , I. densiflora , I. edulis , I. exalata , I. herrerae , I. leiocalycina , I. longispica , I. oerstediana , I. punctata , I. samanensis , I. sapindoides , I. sertulifera , I. spectabilis , I. umbellifera , I. venusta , I. vera , Swartzia nicaraguensis , Zygia longifolia , and Z. palmana .
Distribution. Telemiades lamasi sp. nov. occurs in Central and South Americas, with records in Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and Peru.
Etymology. This species is named to honor Gerardo Lamas for his extensive contribution and dedication to our knowledge of many groups of Neotropical butterflies.
Taxonomic discussion. Several authors have mistakenly associated Telemiades lamasi sp. nov. with T. antiope (see catalogue). Despite the similarity between the two species, T. lamasi sp. nov. can be easily distinguished by several characters, mainly by the morphology of the genitalia of both sexes, and by its geographical distribution.
Type material. Holotype male deposited at DZUP–OM with the following labels : / HOLOTYPUS / 23–I–1994 Bajo Rodríguez, Tigra, Alajuela, C. Rica, Pagels leg./ OM 38.097 / Holotypus Telemiades lamasi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande det. 2019/. Allotype female deposited at MHNL with the following labels : / ALLOTYPUS / PERU, AM, Cordillera del Cóndor , alto Rio Comeina, PV 22, Falso Paquisha 800m 23.x 87 G. Lamas / Allotypus Telemiades lamasi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande det./.
Paratypes. NICARAGUA: no specific locality, 1 male, NHMUK 010242414 View Materials ( NHMUK) .
COSTA RICA: Cartago— Turrialba , III–1973, 1 male, V.O. Becker leg., DZ 26.096* ( DZUP) .
PANAMA: Panama— Arraiján , Madden Forest, C. 2., 20–VIII–1968, 1 male, Small leg., DZ 26.095 ( DZUP) .
COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca— Bogota, 1918, 1 male, F. Apollinaire–Marie leg., NHMUK 010242166 View Materials * ( NHMUK) .
Thony leg., OM 86.934*, OM 86.906 ( DZUP–OM).
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