Paurocephala psylloptera Crawford, 1913

Mifsud, D. & Burckhardt, D., 2002, Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Old World jumping plant-louse genus Paurocephala (Insecta, Hemiptera, Psylloidea), Journal of Natural History 36 (16), pp. 1887-1986: 1969-1970

publication ID 10.1080/00222930110048909

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Paurocephala psylloptera Crawford


Paurocephala psylloptera Crawford  

( Žgures 17C, 18C, H, 19C, G, L, 20C, 41) Paurocephala psylloptera Crawford, 1914: 294   ; Lectotype (dry mounted) ( USNM), examined, by present designation.  

Description. Species of the psylloptera   type.

Adult: head and clypeus brown; vertex covered by short setae. Antenna brown, segments 1–3 yellow; segment 9 with a long seta in basal quarter. Thorax brown and covered by short setae dorsally, yellow to brown laterally and ventrally. Metascutellar horn small, pointed apically. Forewing transparent; veins light brown; pterostigma yellow to brown. Forewing with inconspicuous setae on veins (vein Rs with 12–18 setae); Rs vein marginally curved in distal third. Surface spinules absent or conŽned to cell cu1 and apex of m1 and m2; radular spinules present in m2, reduced in cu1. Legs yellow to brown, tarsal segments darker. Meracanthus long, straight laterally, pointed apically. Abdomen including genitalia, yellow to light brown. Male paramere long and straight, truncate apically, few short setae posteriorly visible from lateral view; inner surface with two hooks apically, a row of stout setae conŽned in basal third. Measurements and ratios as in table 2A–C.

Fifth instar larva: unless otherwise stated overall body coloration yellow to white. Apical third of agellum brown; antenna 3-segmented, agellum indistinctly subdivided; segments 1 without a sectaseta, segment 2 with one sectaseta, agellum with Žve sectasetae grouped in 2, 2 and 1. Dorsal sclerites covered by sectasetae as large as marginal ones with few inconspicous to short simple setae. Forewing pad with seven to nine sectasetae and three to six inconspicuous simple setae marginally; humeral lobe lacking. Caudal plate with shallow tubercle-like extensions marginally, apical one distinctly excavated concavely; sectasetae present dorsally and marginally with few inconspicuous simple setae. Arolium triangular and petiolate, expanded basally. Anus ventral, outer circumanal ring with a single row of pores. Measurements and ratios as in table 3.

Host plants. Ficus spp.   ( Braza and Calilung, 1981).

Distribution. Philippines ( Crawford, 1914; Miyatake, 1971; Braza and Calilung, 1981; Yang et al., 1986), Indonesia (Sumatra) ( Crawford, 1928); (Sulawesi) and Malaysia (Sabah). Other records in the literature are based on misidentiŽcations (see comments).

Material examined. Philippines: Lectotype, paralectotypes, 2, Los Baños P. I., August 1912, Ficus sp.   (C. F. Baker); 2, 2 same data but Ficus heterophylla   ; 3, 3, 4 larvae same data but Laguna, Mt Makiling, 30 December 1976, Ficus minahassae (R. D. Braza)   ; 11, 16, 11 larvae same data but 3 December 1988, Ficus sp.   (A. T. Barrion); 10, 21, Mindanao, Claveria, Misamis Oriental, 7 July 1988, Ficus sp.   (A. T. Barrion); 2, Davao experimental station, May to July 1962, (M. R. Gavarra); 1, 8 same data but March to May 1963; 15, 13, 8 larvae, Palawan, Inagauan River valley, 30 January 1988, Ficus sp.   ant attended (J. H. Martin); 1, 2 same data but 31 January 1988. Malaysia: 1, Sabah, Mt Kinabalu, 1700 m, 22 March 1983 (S. Nagai). Indonesia: 11, 19, 3 larvae, Sulawesi Utara, Dolodua-Molibagu road, ca 200 m, 29 May 1985,? Moraceae   / Urticaceae (J. H. Martin)   ; 1, 1, Sumatra, Fort de Kock, 920 m, December 1922 /25, Ficus   Žstulosa (E. Jacobson) (BMNH, MHNG, NHMB, USNM). Dry and slide mounted and preserved in alcohol.

Comments. Since its original description, the name P. psylloptera Crawford   has been applied abusively and most records in fact refer to other species. For this reason it it necessary to stabilize the name in designating a lectotype. The two varieties setifera   and maculipennis   described by Crawford (1914) and Uichanco (1921), respectively, are treated as species in the present work. The records from India ( Crawford, 1915, 1924; Mathur, 1975; Ramakrishna Ayyar, 1924), Tenimber Islands ( Crawford, 1919) and Fiji ( Laing, 1922) are new taxa ( P. muta   sp. n., P. muiri   sp. n. and P. calcarata   sp. n., respectively). The records from Taiwan ( Boselli, 1930; Kuwayama, 1931; Yang, 1984) refer to P. sauteri (Enderlein)   and ( Takahashi, 1936), P. trematos Yang et al.   while the records from Japan ( Kuwayama, 1943; Miyatake, 1964, 1965; Sasaki, 1954) refer to P. trematos Yang et al.  


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History