Anthaxia (Haplanthaxia) dispar Kerremans, 1898

Bílý, Svatopluk, 2020, A revision of the Anthaxia (Haplanthaxia) dispar Kerremans species-group (Coleoptera: Buprestidae: Anthaxiini), Zootaxa 4851 (3), pp. 522-534: 524-527

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4851.3.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D97A5ACE-8989-464E-8842-581854B81D3B

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4408224

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0380878D-FFA2-E278-35B5-AE1BFCCFFB86

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anthaxia (Haplanthaxia) dispar Kerremans, 1898
status

 

Anthaxia (Haplanthaxia) dispar Kerremans, 1898  

( Figs. 1, 9–11 View FIGS View FIGS , 18 View FIGS , 25 View FIGS )

Anthaxia dispar Kerremans, 1898: 300   .

Type locality: Lake Moero [Lake Mweru, southern Tanzania]   .

Anthaxia dispar: Kerremans, 1903: 172   (taxonomy); 1909: 26 (catalogue); 1911: 88 (taxonomy, faunistics); Obenberger, 1915: 80 (taxonomy); Schouteden, 1916: 329 (check-list); Obenberger, 1917: 181, 185 (monograph of the genus); 1930: 540 (catalogue); 1940: 11 (taxonomy, faunistics); Burgeon, 1941: 191 (catalogue, faunistics); Bílý, 1973: 16 (taxonomy, faunistics); 1991: 126 (taxonomy); 1997: 20, 65 (catalogue); Bellamy, 2008: 1381 (catalogue).

Anthaxia lasioptera Obenberger, 1915: 77   ( Fig. 4 View FIGS ).

Type locality: Zanzibar   .

Anthaxia lasioptera: Obenberger 1917: 182   , 186 (monograph of the genus); 1928: 217 (taxonomy); 1930: 542 (catalogue); 1931: 91 (taxonomy); Burgeon: 1941: 191 (catalogue, faunistics); Bílý, 1991: 126 (taxonomy, syn. of dispar   ); 1997: 20, 86 (catalogue, as syn. of dispar   ); Bellamy, 2008: 1381 (catalogue, as syn. of dispar   ).

Anthaxia vulpes Théry, 1930: 156   ( Fig. 6 View FIGS ).

Type locality: Haute Sanga [Mambere-Kadei, Central African Republic]   .

Anthaxia vulpes: Bílý, 1991: 126   (taxonomy, syn. of dispar   ); 1997: 20, 128 (catalogue, as syn. of dispar   ); Bellamy, 2008: 1381 (catalogue, as syn. of dispar   ).

Anthaxia hyperlasia Obenberger, 1928: 218   syn. nov. ( Fig. 2 View FIGS ).

Type locality: RSA, Zululand [KwaZulu-Natal], Mfongosi   .

Anthaxia hyperlasia: Obenberger, 1930: 542   (catalogue); Bílý, 1997: 25, 78 (catalogue); Bellamy, 2008: 1405 (catalogue).

Type specimens studied. A dispar   : holotype (female, BMNH): “Lake Moero, J. Duvivier [h] // Type [p, round, redframed] // Kerremans 1903 –59 [p] // dispar Kerr.   Type [h]”; A. hyperlasia   : holotype (female, NMPC): “Mfongosi, Zululand // Typus [p, red, framed] // Anthaxia hyperlasia   m. Type [h], Det. Dr. Obenberger [p] // Mus. Nat. Pragae Inv. 22546 [p] // Mus. Nat. Pragae Inv. 22546 [p, h] // Anthaxia (Anthaxia) hyperlasia Obenberger, 1928   , Vít Kubáň det. 2012”; A. lasioptera   : holotype (male, NMPC): “ Zanzibar, Afrique équat. [h] // Anthaxia lasioptera   m. Type, [h] det. Dr. Obenberger [p] // Typus [p, red, framed] // Mus. Nat. Pragae Inv. 22545 [p] // Anthaxia (s. str.) dispar Kerremans, 1898   , Sv. Bílý det. 2014 [p, h] (// cum typo comparavit Sv. Bílý 2014 [p]”; A. vulpes   : holotype (female, MNHN) “Carnot, Haute Sanga [h] // Holotype [red, p] // Anthaxia vulpes Théry   [h] Type [red, p] // Muséum Paris 1935, Coll. A. Théry [p] // MNHN EC 10303 [p]”.

Further specimens studied. DRC: Belgian Congo, Kabinda , 6 o 8’S 21 o 24’E (2 males, NMPC) GoogleMaps   ; Sampwe, Mufungwa , 1.–16.xii.1911, Dr. Bequaert leg. (1 male, 1 female, MRAC)   ; Albertville , xii.1918, R. Mayne leg. (1 male, MRAC)   ; Lumumbashi , x.1971 –iv.19072, W. Beun (don. A. Allaer) (1 male, MRAC)   ; Haut Uele, Abimva , viii.1925, L. Burgeon leg. (1 male, NMPC)   . KENYA: Katutu-Budungo , 25.ix.1915, Holtz leg. (1 male, ZMHB)   ; Br. O. A., Ramissi , xi.1915 (1 male, ZMHB)   ; Malindi, Gedi Forest , iv.1973, Hans Gønget leg. (1 male, NMPC)   ; Naivosha , viii.1971 (1 female, HMCN)   ; Nakuru, Subukia , 35 km NE Nakuru (B5), 2000 m, 5.iv.1992, R. Gerstmeier leg. (1 female, HMCN)   ; Kuku Plain, Reg. Masai-dint. Kimanatra, Amboseli e Tsavo , vi. 1986, R. Mourglia leg. (1 male, 1 female, NMPC)   ; Tsavo East , vi.1989, A. & G. Rautenstrauch leg. (1 male, MKCN)   . MALAWI: Nyasaland, Mlanje , 6.i.1913, S. A. Neave leg. (1 female, BMNH)   ; Nkhata bay env., “rain forest”, 1.i.2002, F.& L. Kantner leg. (1 male, MKCN)   ; Dedza, 20.–30.i.1998, Mráček leg. (1 male, MKCN)   . MOZAMBIQUE: Mozambik NW, 30 km N of Tete, 15 o 50’S 33 o 33’E, 410 m, 6.xii.2005, M. Kadlecová leg. (1 female, HMCN) GoogleMaps   ; Manica pr., 65 km W of Chimoio , 10.–11.xii.2003, J. Halada leg. (1 male, 1 female, MKCN)   ; Nyasaland , SW of Lake Chilwa, 9.i.1914, S. A. Neave leg. (1 male, BMNH)   . RSA: KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba-Dukuduku , 17.–21.xii.1997, I. Jeniš leg. (8 males, 3 females, NMPC)   ; Natal mer., Oribi Gorges , 21.xi.1991, Richter leg. (1 male, 1 female, HMCN)   ; Mpumalanga, 30 km NE of Lydenbrug , NR Ohrig, 22.–25.ix.2003, J. Halada leg. (2 males, 1 female, MKCN)   ; Mpumalanga, 20 km NE of Barboton , 3.–4.i.2004, J Halada leg. (1 male, 1 female, MKCN)   ; Mpumalanga, Ohrigstaddam NR, 30 km NE of Lydenburg , 22.–25.xi.2003, J. Kudrna jr. leg. (1 male, MKCN)   ; Natal, St. Lucia , 25.–27.x.1981, Klapperich leg. (1 male, NMPC)   ; Limpopo Prov., Klasserie Dam Caravan Park , 024 o 31’47.8”S 031 o 03’31.5”E, 543 m, 25.xi.2006, collected during daytime on leaves and flowers, D. Ahrens & S. Fabrizii leg. (1 female, SGCB) GoogleMaps   ; Transvaal , 13 km W of Ofcolaco, 24 o 09’S 30 o 18’E, 800 m, 27.xi.1985, C. L. Bellamy, A. V. Evans leg. (1 female, NMPC) GoogleMaps   ; Zululand, St. Lucia Bay , x.1920, Bell. Marley leg. (1 male, NMPC)   ; Barberton , P. Rendall leg. (1 male, BMNH)   ; Barberton , 13.i.1897 (1 male, NMPC)   ; Zululand , no precise data (4 males, 1 female, NMPC)   . RWANDA: Cyangugu, Bugarama , 18.i.1986, Mühle leg. (1 male, HMCN)   . TANZANIA: D. O. Afr., Muansa [Mwanza], a. bleuf. [from flowers of] Cyperus   , 7.–18.xii.1915 (4 males, 2 females, ZMHB)   ; D. O. Afr., Kaharua, (1 male, ZMHB)   ; Ukerewe (3 females, NMPC)   ; Usambara Mts. (1 male, NMPC)   ; Victoria Nyansa, Katona , Mara (1 female, NMPC)   ; Dar-es-Salaam, vi., C. V. Legros leg. (1 female, BMNH)   ; Tanganyika , Shinyanga, 1934, E. Burton leg. (1 female, BMNH)   ; prov. Kagera, Kimisi Game Reserve , 30 km S of Karagwe, 01 o 52’59”S 31 o 04’46”E, 1600 m, 25.–26.xi.2017, J. Halada leg. (1 male, MKCN) GoogleMaps   ; Brit. O. Afrika, Tanveta Gotsch (1 male, NMPC)   . UGANDA: Bayon , ex coll. Kerremans (1 male, MRAC)   ; Kasese, 10 km Kilembe , 1800 m, 21.xi.1994, M. Snížek leg. (3 males, MKCN)   ; Kampala, 7.–11.iv.1919 O. C. Gowdey leg. (1 male, BMNH)   . ZAMBIA: 60 km NW of Kapini Mposhi , 8.xii.2002, J. Halada leg. (1 male, MKCN)   ; E of Mkushi env., 16.–18.xii.2004, Snížek, Tichý leg. (1 female, MKCN)   ; Kashitu , N of Broken Hill, i.1915, H. C. Dollman leg. (1 female, BMNH)   ; Serenje , about 4500 ft., 26.xii.1907 (1 female, NMPC)   ; Kasanka NP, Kabwe Campsite , GPS: 12 o 32’29.184”S 30 o 12’43.521”E, 25.–27.ii.2018, V. Beneš leg. (1 male, NMPC) GoogleMaps   . ZIMBABWE: Kyle Recr. Park and Lake Mutirikwi , 20 o 13’S 31 o 00’E, 2.xii.1993, F. Koch leg. (1 male, ZMHB) GoogleMaps   ; 30 km W of Harare , 22.xii.1998, J. Halada leg. (1 male, MKCN)   ; 70 km SW of Gweru, Nalatale ruins env., xii.2011, J. Halada leg. (1 female, MKCN)   ; 50 km S of Bulawayo, Matobo , 3.–5.xii.1998, J. Halada leg. (1 male, MKCN)   ; the same data but 3.1. i.1998, F. Kantner leg. (1 female, MKCN)   ; Matopo , 17.xii.1922, Rhodesia Mus. (1 male, BMNH)   . NO PRECISE DATA: Basum , 11.–20.v.1914, S. Tessmann leg. (1 male, ZMHB)   . NO DATA: (1 male, ZMHB)   .

Diagnosis. Medium-sized (6.3–9.3 mm), matt with silky lustre, strongly wedge-shaped, dorsal surface bronze to red-bronze with long, sometimes lanuginose, rusty pubescence; head small, usually partly retracted into prothorax, frons flat to very weakly convex; pronotum moderately convex, 1.6–1.7 times as wide as long, with large, wide lateroposterior depressions; pronotal sculpture consisting of fine, simple punctures which can form short, fine, transverse rugae on disc and small, polygonal cells with tiny central grains on lateral sides; scutellum large, pentagonal or subcordiform, weakly depressed; elytra strongly wedge-shaped, 1.7–1.8 times as long as wide, uneven, apical fifth of lateral margins sharply serrate; subhumeral lobe large, wide, basal transverse depression deep, wide, reaching scutellum; prosternal process as wide as long, sharply pointed apically and sharply, transversely widened posterior to procoxae; inner margins of male metatibiae emarginate preapically with fine serrations on posterior half ( Fig. 25 View FIGS ); aedeagus ( Fig. 18 View FIGS ) widely spindle-shaped, parameres strongly narrowed at posterior third, narrowest part of parameres with rather sharp, dorsolateral projection.

Sexual dimorphism. The female differs from the male by the somewhat robuster body, simple metatibiae and by the apically, deeply notched anal ventrite (rounded in male).

Having studied the holotypes of Anthaxia (H.) dispar   and A. (H.) hyperlasia   I failed to find any substantial difference and I suppose them to be conspecific, A. (H.) hyperlasia Obenberger, 1928   being the younger synonym of A. (H.) dispar Kerremans, 1898   . The holotype of A. (H.) hyperlasia   is only a large female with well-preserved, long pubescence ( Fig. 2 View FIGS ).

Anthaxia (H.) dispar   has a surprisingly wide distribution, however the variability of the species is negligible; a weak clinal variability can be traced from the south to the north. The southern populations from RSA, Zimbabwe and Mozambique are usually larger, stouter and more red-bronze but I failed to find any distinct border between the southern and northern popuations. North of Kenya Anthaxia (H.) dispar   is most probably replaced by A. (H.) aethiopica   sp. nov.

The type locality of A. (H.) vulpes   ( CAR: Haute Sanga [now Mambere-Kadei]) is rather strange and it could be the westernmost point of the distribution of A. (H.) dispar   . This species was synonymised with A. (H.) dispar   based on the comparision of the holotypes ( Bílý, 1991) of both species; unfortunately the holotypes of both species are females. Since the distribution of the whole species-group has been enlarged across the entire tropical part of Africa as far as to the western coast I am not quite sure if the synonymisation was correct. Moreover in the collection of NMPC there is a female specimen labelled “ Cameroun, Dschang” which does not correspond very much with the females of A. (H.) occidentalis   sp. nov. and which could be conspecific with A. (H.) vulpes   . Until the male of A. (H.) vulpes   is discovered the question still remains open.

Distribution: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Republic of South Africa, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

NMPC

National Museum Prague

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Buprestidae

Genus

Anthaxia

Loc

Anthaxia (Haplanthaxia) dispar Kerremans, 1898

Bílý, Svatopluk 2020
2020
Loc

Anthaxia vulpes: Bílý, 1991: 126

Bellamy, C. L. 2008: 1381
Bily, S. 1991: 126
1991
Loc

Anthaxia vulpes Théry, 1930: 156

Thery, A. 1930: 156
1930
Loc

Anthaxia hyperlasia:

Bellamy, C. L. 2008: 1405
Bily, S. 1997: 25
Obenberger, J. 1930: 542
1930
Loc

Anthaxia hyperlasia

Obenberger, J. 1928: 218
1928
Loc

Anthaxia lasioptera:

Bellamy, C. L. 2008: 1381
Bily, S. 1991: 126
Obenberger, J. 1917: 182
1917
Loc

Anthaxia lasioptera

Obenberger, J. 1915: 77
1915
Loc

Anthaxia dispar: Kerremans, 1903: 172

Bellamy, C. L. 2008: 1381
Bily, S. 1973: 16
Burgeon, L. 1941: 191
Obenberger, J. 1917: 181
Schouteden, H. 1916: 329
Obenberger, J. 1915: 80
Kerremans, C. 1903: 172
1903
Loc

Anthaxia dispar Kerremans, 1898: 300

Kerremans, C. 1898: 300
1898