Entomobrya nigrocincta Denis, 1923

Jordana, Rafael & Greenslade, Penelope, 2020, Biogeographical and ecological insights from Australasian faunas: the megadiverse collembolan genus, Entomobrya (Entomobryidae), Zootaxa 4770 (1), pp. 1-104: 55-56

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4770.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:39F2F040-E300-4065-9E8E-83A9D6286D1F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3816019

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/011B87E9-FFA7-654E-FF60-C4B0FB8ABBCF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Entomobrya nigrocincta Denis, 1923
status

 

Entomobrya nigrocincta Denis, 1923  

( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 L–M, 5F–G, 29A–G)

Entomobrya clitellaria sensu Womersley 1934   , nec Guthrie, 1903.

Entomobrya clitellaria newmani Womersley, 1934   , syn. nov.

Entomobrya atrocincta   , ad partem, most European records are synonyms proposed by Salmon, 1964

Entomobrya atrocincta, Ramel et al. 2008  

Type locality. France   .

Other material examined. SAMA: female, NSW, Armidale no date, - 30.5016°S, 151.6662°E, 980m asl; female, 2 males GoogleMaps   , NSW, Armidale , - 30.5016°S, 151.6662°E, 980m asl; 1 male GoogleMaps   , NSW, Armidale , - 30.5016°S, 151.6662°E, 980m asl, September 1973, KK leg.; female GoogleMaps   NSW, Kosciusko N. P., Charlotte Pass , - 36.4317°S, 148.3289°E, 1,837m asl, leaf litter under bark, 4.i.1976, PG leg.; male GoogleMaps   SA, Urrbrae , - 34.9670°S, 138.6360°E, 118,m asl subclover, July 1930, HW leg.; male GoogleMaps   , SA, Adelaide , no date, - 35.928661°S, 138.598631°E, 50m asl; female GoogleMaps   SA, Glen Osmond , - 34.9600°S, 138.6502°E, 300m asl, May–July 1973, PG leg.; males GoogleMaps   , SA, Kangaroo Island , - 35.7752°S, 137.2142°E, 299m asl, 2.ii.1972, PG leg.; male GoogleMaps   SA, Cambrai , dune, 26.iii.1972, PG leg., - 34.6639°S, 139.3212°E, 305m asl; female GoogleMaps   SA, Glen Osmond , - 34.9600°S, 138.6502°E, 300m asl, May 1972, PG leg.; male GoogleMaps   , SA, Naracoorte Reserve , - 36.957°S, 140.738278°E, 61m asl, 5.x.1975, PG leg GoogleMaps   .; SA, Glen Osmond , - 34.9600°S, 138.6502°E, 300m asl, soils lab, May 1972, PG leg.; male, VIC, Melbourne Market, - 37.6529°S, 144.9975°E, 31m asl, in damp straw, 1.ii.1941, HW leg.; VIC, Studley Park, August; VIC, East Doncaster, maize cob, - 37.7901°S, 145.0087°E, 210m asl; June 1941, male,VIC, Lerderderg NP, - 37.4379°S, 144.2813°E, 440m asl, log debris, funnel extraction, 1.ix.2013, PG leg.; male, WA, - 33.8500°S, 116.0600°E, 324m asl, Greenbushes, long-term tin mining area, 18.viii.31; Juvenile, male, WA, Perth, - 31.986°S, 115.822°E, 7m asl, 8.viii.31, HW leg GoogleMaps   .

Redescription based on Australian material. Size. Length up to 1.3 mm (n=23) (1.0– 1.7 mm excluding antennae).

Colour. As in Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 L–M, with sexual dimorphism.

Head. Antennal length 770 μm, 2–3 times the length of the head, Ant IV with a simple or bilobed apical vesicle. Relative lengths of Ant I/II/III/IV=1/2.0/2.1/2.4. Four spinulate labral papillae. Four prelabral ciliated chaetae and 5,5,4 smooth labral chaetae, Lateral process of labial papilla E reaching or surpassing the papilla tip. Posterior labial row with MREL 1 L 2 ciliated chaetae, R smaller than M. 8 eyes, G and H smaller than E and F.

Thorax and abdomen. Ratio length of Abd IV/III> 4.

Trochanteral organ with 12–14 chaetae, Unguis with 4 teeth on internal edge: the first pair at 50–60% distance from the base of the unguis, and 2 unpaired teeth, first one at 70–75% distance from the base and the most distal one minute. Dorsal tooth approximately at the level of an internal pair of teeth or intermediate with basal part of the unguis. Unguiculus spike–like, with a smooth external edge on leg III. Furca length 557 μm (n=22). Manubrial plate with 4 chaetae and 2 psp. Mucro with 2 teeth, subapical tooth in size similar to the apical one. Mucronal spine present.

Chaetotaxy. Simplified formula: 3,1,0, 3,2/2,3/1,2/1,1(2),1/0,2(3),3,2,2. Head chaetotaxy ( Fig. 29A View FIGURE 29 ): H1 area with A n2, An 2a1 and An 3, H2 area with A 5. With M 1 –M 4 medial Mac. H3 area without S’ 0. Complete series of S 0 –S 5 present. Thoracic chaetotaxy with Area T1 on Th II with 2 Mc (m 1 and m 2i present) ( Fig. 29B View FIGURE 29 ). Area T2 on Th II with 3 Mc present (a 5, m 4 and m 4i). Abdominal chaetotaxy Area A1 on Abd II with 1 Mc (a 2) as in Fig. 29C View FIGURE 29 and area A2 on Abd II with 2 Mc (m 3 and m 3ea. Abd III with 1 Mc on areas A3, A4 and A5 (in some specimens there 2 Mc a 2 and a 3). Abd IV (fig. 29D) with Mc A 2, A 4 –A 6, B 4 –B 6 (B 2 present in some specimens) and C 1 or E 1 and C 2a.

Remarks. Womersley (pp 110–111, 1934) identified Entomobrya clitellaria Guthrie, 1902   from Australia, finding two forms of E. clitellaria   that do not differ from that described from Minnesota and another form that he calls var. newmani   . Both forms he studied come from either Western Australia or South Australia, as well as from Studley Park, Victoria, collected in August 1931. There is confusion on the name because E. clitellaria   ( Fig 23 View FIGURE 23 ) is blueblack from Th II to Abd III, while the specimens described by Womersley have with this pigment from the posterior border of Th II to Abd I, and lack colour elsewhere. This is similar to males of E. nigrocincta sensu Jordana, 2012   , while the females are similar to E. multifasciata   in colour. Australian material from different localities conforms to the colour of E. nigrocincta sensu Jordana, 2012   .

The South Australian ( Figs 29 View FIGURE 29 F–G) specimens have small differences in chaetotaxy from European specimens. This can be interpreted as typical of a founder population. In Europe, E. nigrocincta   is a corticolous and arboreal species, while in Australia it lives on the soil surface. As well as chaetotaxic differences, there is some colour differentiation, in that males are yellow and the females white with transverse bands like E. multifaciata   . On the specimens with 1,2,1 Mc on Abd III (Australian specimens), the male colour is white as the female, but the colour distribution is as European E. nigrocincta   specimens (see figure 29E–F). Katz (2015) does not distinguish between E. nigrocincta   and E. atrocincta   but Jordana (2012) considers them separate species.

SAMA

South Australia Museum

NSW

Royal Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of New South Wales

SA

Museum national d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratiore de Paleontologie

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Entognatha

Order

Collembola

Family

Entomobryidae

Genus

Entomobrya

Loc

Entomobrya nigrocincta Denis, 1923

Jordana, Rafael & Greenslade, Penelope 2020
2020
Loc

Entomobrya atrocincta

Ramel 2008
2008
Loc

Entomobrya clitellaria

sensu Womersley 1934
1934
Loc

Entomobrya clitellaria newmani

Womersley 1934
1934
Loc

Entomobrya atrocincta

Schott 1896
1896