Proceratium google Fisher , Fisher, B. L., 2005

Fisher, B. L., 2005, A new species of Discothyrea Roger from Mauritius and a New species of Proceratium Roger from Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 56, pp. 657-667: 663-665

publication ID

20971

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/FF459C1F-6D90-7FDD-31DA-9E747A2FE612

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Proceratium google Fisher
status

sp. nov.

Proceratium google Fisher  HNS  , sp. nov.

Figs. 14 - 17.

Type Material. - Holotype: Worker. Madagascar: Antsiranana, 11.0 km WSW Befingotra, Reserve Speciale Anjanaharibe-Sud, 14 ° 45 & # 8242; S, 049 ° 27 & # 8242; E, 1565 m, 16 Nov 1994 (coll. B. L. Fisher) sifted litter, montane rainforest, Collection code: BLF 1232 (6) - CASENT 0100367, (CASC) Paratypes: 2 workers with same data as holotype but with specimen codes CASENT 010068 (BMNH), CASENT 0100369 (MCZC); 1 worker 9.2 km WSW Befingotra, Reserve Speciale Anjanaharibe-Sud, 14 ° 45 & # 8242; S, 049 ° 28 & # 8242; E, 1280 m, 5 Nov 1994 (coll. B. L. Fisher), CASENT 0100370; (CASC); and 1 worker same as latter but collected at 1200 m on 9 Nov 1994, CASENT 0100371 (CASC).

Diagnosis. - The following character combination differentiates P. google  HNS  from all its con- geners: abdominal segment IV tergite evenly rounded posteriorly, without concave impression near apex and not hypertrophied; truncate median clypeal lobe; low nodiform petiole without peduncle but with blunt anteroventral tooth; fore tibia with a basal spine, frontal carinae separate and diverg- ing posteriorly; posterior dorsum of mesosoma and propodeal spines granulate-foveolate. P. google  HNS  is easily distinguished from P. diplopyx  HNS  , the only other described Proceratium  HNS  from Madagascar, by the shape of the tergite of the abdominal segment IV. In P. diplopyx  HNS  , the tergite is with a deep concave notch near apex.

Etymology. - Named in recognition of the support from the Google company. I hope that Google will continue applying its talent to serve data relevant to the biodiversity community, con- servation planners, and the general public. By creating a “ Zoogle, ” Google could help achieve free and democratic access to taxonomic and biodiversity data on species. P. google  HNS  is also suspected to be a specialist egg predator of spiders, which is also why this ant is aptly named after Google - for the ability to hunt down obscure prey. The specific name is an arbitrary combination, to be treat- ed as a noun in apposition.

Worker description. - Form of head, mandibles, and body as shown in Figures 14 - 17. In full-face view, posterior margin of head rounded, not concave; sides of head more or less straight medially; in profile, dorsal margin marginate. Mandible with 4 teeth. Palpal formula 4, 3. Antennae 12 - segmented, scape does not reach posterior margin of head. Median clypeal lobe raised and notched medially. Eye a single, large, clear, convex facet that projects beyond the margin of the head in full-face view.

Mesosoma in dorsal view pear-shaped, broader across pronotum than across propodeum. Metanotal grove unmarked. Propodeal spines granulate-tuberculate; declivitous face of propodeum concave, ending basally with an upturned tooth. Petiole longer than wide; subpetiolar process forming an obtuse tooth at midlength. Tibial spur present on each leg. Claws on all legs slender, simple.

Abdominal segment IV tergum evenly rounded posteriorly, without concave impression near apex.

Head, mesosoma, petiole, and abdominal segment III with dense granulate-foveolate sculp- ture. In contrast, abdominal segment IV predominantly smooth and shiny but with sparse foveae. Declivitous face of propodeum shiny smooth.

Body covered with abundant pilosity consisting of fine, curved, tapered, yellow-white setae.

Queen, male and larvae unknown.

Distribution. - Known only from an isolated mountain in Northeastern Madagascar, Reserve Speciale Anjanaharibe-Sud, 14 ° 45 & # 8242; S, 049 ° 27 & # 8242; E, collected at an elevation of 1565 m. Collections in nearby mountains such as Marojejy did not locate any specimens of this species.