Heringina guttata ( Fallén 1814 )

Namin, Saeed Mohamadzade & Korneyev, Severyn V., 2015, Revision of Heringina Aczél, 1940 (Diptera: Tephritidae), with description of a new species from Iran and Turkey, Zootaxa 3949 (1), pp. 111-122: 114-117

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3949.1.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7A1F8673-3EBC-4F8F-B26F-FE8EEF9C8D01

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F17F87A6-FF84-FFF3-FF50-FBF4FB933455

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Heringina guttata ( Fallén 1814 )
status

 

Heringina guttata ( Fallén 1814) 

( Figs. 1–12 View Figure )

Tephritis guttata Fallén 1814: 170  ; 1820: 11; Zetterstedt 1835: 46; 1847: 2245; Schiner 1858: 48; 1864: 167; Loew 1862: 109; Jaroszewski 1876: 42; Becker, 1905: 138; Persson 1958: 116;

Trypeta guttata: Meigen 1826: 61  ; Loew 1844: 400; Boie 1847: 327;

Euaresta guttata: Hendel 1927: 173  ; Séguy 1934: 151; Kryshtal 1949: 204; Mihályi 1960: 57;

Heringina guttata: Aczél 1940  ; Richter 1965: 148; 1970: 163; Korneyev 1983: 21; Kabos & Aartsen 1984: 27; Foote 1984: 93; Nowakowski 1991: 178; Merz 1994: 52; 1999 a: 215; Kinkorová 1997: 71; Norrbom et al. 1999: 158; Pakalniškis et al. 2006: 87; Heřman & Kinkorová 2009; Smit 2010: 105; Koçak & Kemal 2013: 34; Kaganpaa & Winquist 2014: 267.

Trypeta gemmata Meigen 1826: 339  ; Boie, 1847: 328 (misidentification).

Material examined. Type. Lectotype ♂ Tephritis guttata  : “ T. guttata Fall.  ♂” ( NRSAbout NRS). Syntype ♂ Trypeta gemmata  : “ gemmata  / Wiedemann”, “alte Sammlung” ( NHMWAbout NHMW). Non-type. Germany: Usedom, 20.ix.1899, 2♀ (Lichtwardt); Berlin, Finkenkrug, 5.vii.1900, 1♂, 3 ♀; 13.vii.1902, 1♂; 13.vi.1907, 1♂ (Enderlein); Potsdam, 2.vi.1912, 1♀ ( BMHU); Brandenburg, Strausberg, 19.viii.1917, 2♂ (Bollow); Brodowin, 14.vi.1918, 1♀; Mittenwalde, 8.ix.1919, 3♂, 1 ♀ (Bollow) ( BMHU); Ukraine: Kyiv Region: Khodosievka, 50 º16.00'N 30 º 31.40 'E, h= 131 m, 5.viii.2006, 3. ♂, 1 ♀ (V. Korneyev); Irpin, 50 º 30.25 'N 30 º 15.29 'E, h= 108 m 5.viii.2007, 5♂, 1 ♀ (V. Korneyev); 30.vii.2008, 2♂, 2 ♀ (S. & V. Korneyev); 11.vi.2009, 2 ♂ (Kameneva) ( SIZKAbout SIZK); Sumy Region, Akhtyrka Distr., Kuzemin, 13.06 .2011, 1♂, 2 ♀ (Guglia); Kharkiv Region, Zmiyiv Distr., vic. of Haydary, 04.vi.2011, 1♀; Vovchansk Distr., Rubizhne, 26.viii.2012, 1♂; Balakliya Distr., vic. of Petrivske, 11.viii.2013, 1♀; Chuhuyiv Distr., vic. of Kytsivka, 26.vii.2014, 1♂ (Guglia) ( SIZKAbout SIZK); Mykolaiv Region: Kuripchine, 26.vi.2010, 1♂ (Guglia) ( SIZKAbout SIZK); Turkey: Pr. Kars, Bahnstation Soganli, W. Sarikamis, 2100 m, 5.vii.1985, 1♂, 1 ♀ (W. Schacht) ( ZSSM); Kars, Karakurt, 1400 m, 4.vii.1985, 1♂, 1 ♀ (C. J. Zwakhals); Kars, 25 km W Sarikamis, 6.vii. 1985, 2100 m, 2 ♀ (C. J. Zwakhals); Erzurum, Palandoken Dagl, Kayak, 2200 m, 3.viii.1989, 1♀; idem, 26.vii.1992, 1♀ (J. A. W. Lucas) ( RMNHAbout RMNH); Azerbaijan: Naxçevan: Ordubad, 30.v.1924, 1♀ (S. Paramonov); Talysh: Kalvaz, 21– 23. vi.2008, 8 ♂, 6 ♀; 24.viii.2008, 3♂, 5 ♀; Zuvand, Ghimdara, 27.vi.2008, 1♂, 2 ♀ (Pljusch) ( SIZKAbout SIZK); Iran: Ardebil: Khalkhal, 13.07 .2010, 1♀ (Mohamadzade); East Azerbaijan Province: Sahand ski resort, 30 km of Tabriz, 37 ° 45.850 ' N 46 ° 30.754 ' E, 2900 m, 30.viii.2010, 4♀, 2 ♂ (Mohamadzade) ( SMNC); Dizmar Protected Area, Chichakli Valley, 38 º 40.50 ' N 46 º 32.05 ' E, h= 2215 m, 26.vi.2014, 2♂, 2 ♀ (S. & V. Korneyev) ( SIZKAbout SIZK); West Azerbaijan: Ziveh, 10 km W Ziveh, 2630m, 37 °08'N, 44 ° 52 'E, 24.vii.2011, 1♂, 2 ♀ (Mohamadzade); idem, 31.viii.2011, 1♀ (Mohamadzade); Mazandaran Province: 2 ♀, Rineh, South mountainside of Damavand, 2500m, 35 ° 52 'N, 52 °06'E, 27.vi. 2013 (Mohamadzade) ( SMNC), idem, 35 º 52.29 'N 52 º06.40'E, h= 2560 m, 10.vii.2014, 1♀ (S. & V. Korneyev) ( SIZKAbout SIZK); Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek, Chon-Aryk, 42 º 47.12 ' N 74 º 34.20 ' E, h= 1075 m, 29.vi.1996, 1♂, 2 ♀ (V. Korneyev) ( SIZKAbout SIZK).

Redescription. Head ( Fig. 3 View Figure ): Yellowish brown, whitish microtrichose, distal 2 / 3 of arista and V-shaped mark on upper part of occipital foramen blackish. Flagellomere 1 yellowish brown. Frons above lunule with setulae. Setulae whitish-yellow, on frons and anterior part of gena. Postocular setae whitish-yellow mixed with brownish setulae. Length: height: width ratio = 1: 1.14: 1.57. Frons subquadrate, twice as wide as eye, which is about 1.35 times as high as long. Gena 0.7 times as high as length of flagellomere 1. Flagellomere 1, 1.5 times as long as wide, rounded apicodorsaly.

Thorax ( Figs. 1 & 4 View Figure ): Black (only postpronotal lobe, notopleura, proepisternum and only stripe in anterior half of anepisternum yellowish brown), densely white microtrichose with very indistinct longitudinal lines on the scutum. Bristles on small black dots. Scutellum blackish in the middle and yellowish in the corners. Setae yellowish brown; posterior notopleural seta yellow. Setulae white; scutellum with white marginal setulae on each side. Calypteres white. Halter yellow.

Legs: Yellowish brown, fore femur with 2 rows of white posterodorsal and one row of yellowish brown posteroventral setae; legs with brown setae and setulae ( Fig. 1 View Figure ).

Wing ( Figs. 2 View Figure ): Cell bc hyaline, humeral crossvein dark brown. Pterostigma brown with one hyaline spot in the middle, radial fork brownish, cell r 1 hyaline at very basal part and distally brown, small hyaline spot present at the level of apex of vein Sc, with (3 -) 4 apical hyaline spots that separated by brown rays, the posterior fused with subapical spot in cell r 2 + 3; br hyaline in basal one third except two brownish and narrow spots, the first one at the level of humeral crossvein and the second is a ray from middle part of bm to anterior margin of the wing, in apical two third completely dark, with one round hyaline spot at the level of apex of r 1 that touching vein M; cell r 4 + 5 with round hyaline spot touching vein M or near it, at or near level of dm-cu, and long apical spot bordered by 2 narrow apical rays extending to apices of veins R 4 + 5 and M, two anterior and posterior subapical hyaline spots in r 4 + 5 extending cells r 2 + 3 and m cells respectively. Cell bm and bcu hyaline, with brown pattern in apical part. Cell dm completely brown, with three small spots (one proximal, one in the middle and one subapical, all of them near Cu 1 vein), and one large round hyaline spot at the level of r-m crossband. Cell m with three large hyaline spots, the most distal extending into cell r 4 + 5; cell cua 1 brown with one proximal, one central (at the end of Sc level) and three marginal hyaline spots. Anal lobe brownish with three marginal and several small hyaline dots. Vein R 4 + 5 with 1–5 setulae dorsally and with 6–15 setulae ventrally (usually reaches middle of cell r 4 + 5).

Abdomen: Black, grayish microtrichose, with very narrow yellowish band on posterior part of tergites. Tergites 1–5 in female entirely microtrichose, with both black and white setulae; white setulae occur in posterior margins and also on lateral part of Syntergite 1 + 2. Tergite 6 shining black with narrow yellowish band on posterior part and brown setulae and long brown setae on posterior part. Oviscape shining black in the middle and shining yellow in lateral part with black setulae. Aculeus brown, 4.6 times as long as wide ( Figs. 7–8 View Figure ). Eversible membrane as in Fig. 9 View Figure . Spermathecae as in Fig. 6 View Figure . Epandrium oval, as in Figs. 11–12 View Figure ; glans ( Fig. 10 View Figure ) long, mostly membranous. Ejaculatory apodeme as on Fig. 5 View Figure .

Measurements. Female. Body length 4–5.4 mm, wing length 3.75–4.5 mm, aculeus length 1–1.2mm; Male. Body length 3.9–4.3 mm, wing length 3.5–4.3 mm.

Distribution. Germany ( Boie 1847; Merz 1999 a), The Netherlands ( Kabos & Aartsen 1984; Smit 2010); Sweden ( Fallén 1820; Zetterstedt 1847), Denmark ( Zetterstedt 1847), Finland ( Persson 1958; Kaganpaa & Winqwist 2014), Czech Republic ( Dirlbek & Dirlbek 1985; Kinkorová 1997; Heřman, & Kinkorová 2009), Hungary ( Mihályi 1960), Poland ( Nowakowski 1991), Lithuania ( Pakalniškis et al. 2006), Ukraine ( Jaroszewski 1876; Kryshtal 1949; Korneyev 1983; 2004); Turkey ( Zaitzev 1947; Koçak & Kemal 2013); Georgia ( Zaitzev 1947); Armenia ( Zaitzev 1947); Azerbaijan ( Zaitzev 1947); Iran: West Azerbaijan ( Zaitzev 1947); Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Tehran, Mazandaran (this study); Kazakhstan ( Richter 1965), and Kyrgyzstan (this study).

Host plants. Unknown. This species is collected only in association with Helichrysum arenarium  (L.) Moench ( Zetterstedt, 1847: as Gnaphalium arenarium  ; current study), which is a possible host plant. Flies have never been reared from the flower heads, which can imply that they live either in stems or in rhizome, possibly as gall-formers.

Remarks. This species occurs in the Baltic countries exclusively in dry and well-insulated sand dunes. In the southern part of its distribution, from Caucasian countries and Iran to Kyrgyzstan, its possible host plant prefers grasslands on the slopes of hills and low mountains with medium or moderately low humidity. In Ukraine, it occurs in both dunes and warm and moderately dry undisturbed meadows or steppes. In the Czech Republic and the Netherlands, the records of H. guttata  are based on almost 150 -year old specimens.

NRS

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

SIZK

Schmaulhausen Institute of Zoology

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tephritidae

Genus

Heringina

Loc

Heringina guttata ( Fallén 1814 )

Namin, Saeed Mohamadzade & Korneyev, Severyn V. 2015

2015
Loc

Heringina guttata: Aczél 1940

Kaganpaa 2014: 267
Kocak 2013: 34
Smit 2010: 105
Pakalniskis 2006: 87
Kinkorova 1997: 71
Merz 1994: 52
Nowakowski 1991: 178
Kabos 1984: 27
Korneyev 1983: 21
Richter 1965: 148

1965
Loc

Euaresta guttata:

Mihalyi 1960: 57
Kryshtal 1949: 204
Seguy 1934: 151Hendel 1927: 173

1934
Loc

Trypeta gemmata

Boie 1847: 328Meigen 1826: 339

1847
Loc

Trypeta guttata:

Boie 1847: 327
Loew 1844: 400Meigen 1826: 61

1844
Loc

Tephritis guttata Fallén 1814 : 170

Persson 1958: 116
Becker 1905: 138
Jaroszewski 1876: 42
Schiner 1858: 48
Zetterstedt 1835: 46Fallen 1814: 170

1835