Philonome kawakitai Sohn, Davis & Lopez-Vaamonde

Sohn, Jae-Cheon, Davis, Donald R. & Lopez-Vaamonde, Carlos, 2015, Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea), ZooKeys 494, pp. 69-106: 69

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Philonome kawakitai Sohn, Davis & Lopez-Vaamonde

sp. n.

Taxon classification Animalia Lepidoptera Lyonetiidae

Philonome kawakitai Sohn, Davis & Lopez-Vaamonde  sp. n. Figs 11, 63, 64


The female genitalia of Philonome kawakitai  is similar to those of Philonome penerivifera  but differ from the latter in having the lamella antevaginalis of the seventh sternite more rounded (obliquely truncate posteriorly in Philonome penerivifera  ) and in the absence of microscopic spicules in the corpus bursae. Philonome kawakitai  is distinguished from Philonome curvilineata  , Philonome penerivifera  , and Philonome rivifera  in having the dorsal bar not reaching the dorsal margin and the complete subterminal line on the forewing.


(Fig. 11). Head: Vertex pale brown, sparsely intermixed with dark brown scales posterolaterally, pale orange on anterior 1/3; frons lustrous pale grayish yellow. Antenna 8/9 as long as forewing; scape pale orange dorsally, lustrous yellowish white ventrally; first flagellomere dark brown dorsally, pale yellow ventrally; second to 9th flagellomeres pale orange dorsally, pale yellow ventrally; remaining flagellomeres pale grayish yellow. Labial palpus 1/2 as long as maxillary palpus, dark yellowish brown. Maxillary palpus dark yellowish brown.

Thorax: Scales of patagium pale orange, with dark brown tips; tegula pale brown on basal 1/3, pale orange on distal 2/3; mesonotum pale orange, sparsely intermixed with dark brown-tipped scales. Fore- and midlegs with coxa lustrous pale orange; femur, tibia, and tarsomeres dark brown mesally, lustrous yellowish white laterally. Hindleg with coxa pale orange; femur and tibia pale yellowish grayish dorsally, pale yellow ventrally; tarsomeres pale grayish yellow. Forewing length 3.8 mm (n = 2), reddish brown, paler along dorsal area; costal area pale orange, intermixed with dark brown scales densely on basal 1/3 and sparsely on distal 1/3; longitudinal fascia continuous to near termen, convex and narrowed at distal 1/3, white, juxtaposed with slender black line along lower border; dorsal bar as triangular patch on anterior half, combined to longitudinal fascia and as slender, intermittent, black line on posterior half; subterminal line connecting distal 1/8 of costa and tornus, dark brown, intermittent; fringe pale brownish gray, with three dark brown, transverse lines. Hindwing dark brownish gray; fringe pale brownish gray.

Male unknown.

Female genitalia (Figs 63-64): Apophyses posteriores 2.2 × longer than apophyses anteriores. Lamella antevaginalis conical and narrowly rounded caudally. Ductus bursae as long as corpus bursae, narrow; inception of ductus seminalis at posterior 1/8 of ductus bursae; ductus seminalis coiled in distal portion. Corpus bursae obovate, without signum or microscopic spicules.


Holotype: female, "FRENCH GUIANA: Nouragues Nature Reserve Nouragues Research Station Sep[tember]-07-2010 collected by light trapping", "Genitalia slide DRD ♀ USNM 34652" [green label], USNM.


French Guiana.


The species name is a patronym in honor of Dr. Atsushi Kawakita who collected the holotype.