Hypogena Dejean, 1834

Grey, Luna & Smith, Aaron D., 2020, A matrix-based revision of the genus Hypogena Dejean, 1834 (Coleoptera Tenebrionidae), Zootaxa 4780 (2), pp. 201-258 : 213-216

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4780.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:58239905-4D02-4813-A32A-A9C27E8254ED

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3854439

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/D7281453-FF9B-FFC6-DFB3-FB4199ABFA94

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hypogena Dejean, 1834
status

 

Hypogena Dejean, 1834

Type species: Tenebrio biimpressus Latreille, 1833 (synonym of Peltis brasilica Perty, 1830 ); by monotypy.

Revised diagnosis: The males of the genus Hypogena are recognizable by a combination of the following characters: supraocular horns present, antennae bearing stellate sensoria ( Fig. 6c,d View FIGURE 6 ), first two protarsomeres with cuticular outgrowth to form spines ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 ), row of cuticular teeth along posterior edge of metasternum ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 ), body distinctly dorsoventrally flattened ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 , lateral). Some species also have a horn arising from the clypeus ( Fig. 36 View FIGURE 36 , male, dorsal). Females similar to males, except lacking produced horns ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 ) and with more prominent punctures on the vertex, frons, and clypeus ( Fig. 21 View FIGURE 21 ).

Redescription: General: color black to reddish brown. Body dorsoventrally flattened. Size: length: 5–10 mm; width: 2–4 mm.

Head. Distance between cardo and eye less than width of cardo. Males with two or three cephalic horns. Mandibles with groove extending to connection point on cranium. Labrum fully setose. Gena not extending laterally past widest point of eye.Antennae 11 segmented; not forming distinct club.Apical six antennomeres bearing stellate sensoria. Mentum trapezoidal, punctate. Eye large, reniform.

Thorax. Pronotum always finely punctate; punctures smaller than eye facet; many coarsely punctate; punctures larger than eye facet. Posterior margin of pronotum bisinuate. Prothorax laterally explanate; anterior apices of prothorax produced anteriorly, sometimes reaching middle of eye. Elytra striate; striae punctate. Epipleuron tapering posteriorly; epipleural fold explanate. Prosternum punctate. Mesepisternum coarsely punctate, unless otherwise indicated. Posterior edge of metasternum with row of cuticular teeth.

Legs. Tarsal formula: 5-5-4. Protibia with first two tarsomeres expanded to form spines. Lateral side of protibia with socketed spines. All tibiae with two apical spurs.

Abdomen. All abdominal segments punctate; punctures on last two ventrites finer than on previous segments. Aedeagus with parameres fused. Female genitalia with coxites highly reduced; spermathecal gland with single apical spermatheca.

Distribution ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 ): USA (AZ, CA, TX and FL) south to Argentina.

Etymology: The name Hypogena is feminine. The name potentially refers to the gena being under the male cephalic horns.

233X magnification with an accelerating voltage of 3kV. 6c. Sensoria of Hypogena tricornis at 1510X magnification with

an accelerating voltage of 4kV. 6d. Terminal segments of antennae of Hypogena tricornis at 110X magnification with an accelerating voltage of 4 kV.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Tenebrionidae